WEST virginia legislature
2017 regular session
House Bill 2731
By Delegates Shott,
R. Miller, Kessinger, Lane and Byrd
[By Request of the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals]
February 28, 2017; Referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary.]]
A BILL to amend and reenact §51-2-2 of the code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to clarifying that only civil actions with controversial amounts exceeding $7,500 must be heard in circuit court, except in actions relating to real estate installment sales contracts or actions confined exclusively by the Constitution to some other tribunal.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §51-2-2 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 2. CIRCUIT COURTS; CIRCUIT JUDGES.
(a) The circuit court shall have supervision and control of all proceedings before magistrates, by mandamus, prohibition and certiorari.
(b) Except in cases
confined exclusively by the Constitution to some other tribunal, the circuit
court shall have original and general jurisdiction of all matters at law where
the amount in controversy, excluding interest, exceeds
Provided, That the jurisdictional limit on amounts in controversy does not
apply to real estate installment sales contracts.
(c) The circuit court shall have original and general jurisdiction in all of the following matters:
(1) Habeas corpus;
(3) Quo warranto;
(5) Crimes; and
(d) The circuit court shall have original and general jurisdiction in all cases in equity, including jurisdiction in equity to remove any cloud on the title to real property, or any part of a cloud, or any estate, right or interest in the real property, and to determine questions of title with respect to the real property without requiring allegations or proof of actual possession of the real property.
(e) The circuit court shall have appellate jurisdiction in all cases, civil and criminal, where an appeal, writ of error or supersedeas may be allowed to the judgment or proceedings of any inferior tribunal.
(f) The circuit court shall also have any other jurisdiction, whether supervisory, original, appellate or concurrent, as is or may be prescribed by law.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to clarify that only civil actions with controversial amounts exceeding $7,500 must be heard in circuit court, except in actions relating to real estate installment sales contracts or actions confined exclusively by the Constitution to some other tribunal. During the 2016 Regular Legislative Session, the Legislature passed SB 274 which increased the civil jurisdictional amount in magistrate court from $2,500 to $10,000. However, the Legislature failed to amend the circuit court jurisdictional statute to specify the controversial amount.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.