Enrolled Version - Final Version Senate Bill 278 History

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WEST virginia legislature

2016 regular session


Committee Substitute


Senate Bill 278

By Senators Ferns, Takubo, Walters, Stollings and Palumbo, original sponsors

[Passed March 12, 2016; in effect from passage]


AN ACT to amend and reenact §33-20F-2 and §33-20F-4 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, all relating to clarifying that a physicians’ mutual insurance company is not a state actor or a quasi-state actor, allowing it to operate as any other commercial insurance company licensed in West Virginia; and clarifying and revising findings and purpose.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

That §33-20F-2 and §33-20F-4 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:


§33-20F-2. Findings and purpose.

(a) The Legislature finds that:

            (1) There is a nationwide crisis in the field of medical liability insurance;

            (2) Similar crises have occurred at least three times during the past three decades;

            (3) Such crises are part of a naturally recurring cycle of a hard market period, when medical professional liability coverage is difficult to obtain, and a soft market period, when coverage is more readily available;

            (4) Such crises are particularly acute in this state due to the small size of the insurance market;

            (5) During a hard market period, insurers tend to flee this state, creating a crisis for physicians who are left without professional liability coverage;

            (6) During the current crisis, physicians in West Virginia find it increasingly difficult, if not impossible, to obtain medical liability insurance either because coverage is unavailable or unaffordable;

            (7) The difficulty or impossibility of obtaining medical liability insurance may result in many qualified physicians leaving the state;

            (8) Access to quality health care is of utmost importance to the citizens of West Virginia;

            (9) A mechanism is needed to provide an enduring solution to this recurring medical liability crisis;

            (10) A physicians’ mutual insurance company or a similar entity has proven to be a successful mechanism in other states for helping physicians secure insurance and for stabilizing the insurance market;


            (11) The state has attempted to temporarily alleviate the current medical crisis by the creation of programs to provide medical liability coverage through the Board of Risk and Insurance Management;

            (12) The state-run program is a substantial actual and potential liability to the state;

            (13) There is substantial public benefit in transferring the actual and potential liability of the state to the private sector;

            (14) A stable, financially viable insurer in the private sector will provide a continuing source of insurance funds to compensate victims of medical malpractice; and

            (15) Because the public will greatly benefit from the formation of a physicians’ mutual insurance company, state efforts to encourage and support the formation of such an entity, including providing a low-interest loan for a portion of the entity’s initial capital, is in the clear public interest.

            (b) The purpose of this article is to create a mechanism for the formation of a physicians’ mutual insurance company that will provide:

            (1) A means for physicians to obtain medical liability insurance that is available and affordable; and

            (2) Compensation to persons who suffer injuries as a result of medical professional liability as defined in subsection (d), section two, article seven-b, chapter fifty-five of this code.

§33-20F-4. Authorization for creation of company; requirements and limitations.

(a) Subject to the provisions of this article, a physicians’ mutual insurance company may be created as a domestic, private, nonstock corporation. The company must remain for the duration of its existence a domestic mutual insurance company owned by its policyholders and may not be converted into a stock corporation or any other entity not owned by its policyholders.

(b) For the duration of its existence, the company is not and may not be considered a department, unit, agency, instrumentality of the state, state actor, quasi-state actor or quasi-public entity for any purpose.  Any debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company, whenever incurred, are the debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company only and not of the state or of any department, unit, agency, instrumentality, officer or employee of the state.

(c) The moneys of the company are not and may not be considered part of the General Revenue Fund of the state.  The debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company are not and may not be considered a debt of the state or a pledge of the credit of the state.

(d) The company is not subject to the provisions of article nine-a, chapter six of this code or the provisions of article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.

(e) All premiums collected by the company are subject to the premium taxes, additional premium taxes, additional fire and casualty insurance premium taxes and surcharges contained in sections fourteen, fourteen-a, fourteen-d and thirty-three, article three of this chapter.


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