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§8-18-10. Liens; recording notice of liens; suit for enforcement; priority.

The property abutting the portion of the street, alley, public way or easement, or sewer right-of-way or easement, improved shall be subject to a lien, from the date of the ordinance or resolution laying the assessment, for the payment of the cost of the improvements assessed against said property. A notice of the liens of said assessments referring to the assessing ordinance or resolution, and setting forth a list of the property assessed, described respectively as to amounts of assessment and ownership, frontage and location of the property, shall be certified by the recorder of the municipality to the clerk of the county court of the county wherein the improvement or any part thereof is located. The county clerk shall record the same in a proper trust deed book and index the same in the name of each owner of abutting property assessed. From the date of the assessment, the municipality (if neither assessment certificates nor bonds are issued as hereinafter in this article provided), or the holder of the assessment certificates (if the assessments are evidenced by such certificates), or the holders of the bonds secured by such assessments (if bonds are issued), shall have such liens and shall be entitled to enforce the same in its, his or their name or the name of the municipality to the extent of the amount, principal and interest, of such assessments and against the said property, as to any assessment not paid as and when due. Said assessments shall be and constitute liens in the hands of the municipality, or the holders of said certificates, or the holders of said bonds, as the case may be, upon the respective lots and parcels of land assessed and shall have priority over all other liens except those for land taxes due the state, county and municipality, and except any liens for preexisting special assessments. Said assessments and interest thereon shall be paid by the owners of the property assessed as and when the installments are due. The municipality, or the holders of any such certificates, or the holders of any such bonds, as the case may be, may enforce the lien thereof in any proper suit, and when default in the payment, as and when due, of any assessment, principal or interest, or installment, shall occur and such default shall have continued for more than sixty days, the municipality, or the holders of any such certificates, or the holders of any such bonds, as the case may be, may declare the whole unpaid balance due and payable and by proper civil action seeking equitable relief enforce the lien thereof, upon process issued and served according to law upon the owner or owners of the lots or parcels of land subject to said lien at the time such suit may be brought as shown by the records of the clerk of the county court of the county in which said lots or parcels of land are located.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2017 Regular Session
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