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§29-2A-1. Definitions.

As used in the statutes of West Virginia, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) "Aeronautics" means the art and science of flight, including, but not limited to, transportation by aircraft; the operation, construction, repair or maintenance of aircraft, aircraft power plants and accessories, including the repair, packing and maintenance of parachutes; and the design, establishment, construction, extension, operation, improvement, repair or maintenance of airports or other air navigation facilities.

(b) "Aircraft" means any contrivance now known, or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air.

(c) "Airmen" means any individual who engages, as the person in command, or as pilot, mechanic or member of the crew, in the navigation of the aircraft while under way and any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling or repair of aircraft engines, propellers or appliances and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher or air-traffic control-tower operator. It does not include any individual employed outside the United States, or any individual employed by a manufacturer of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers or appliances to perform duties as inspector or mechanic in connection therewith, or any individual performing inspection or mechanical duties in connection with aircraft owned or operated by him

(d) "Air navigation" or "navigation" means the operation or navigation of aircraft in the air space over this state, or upon any airport within this state.

(e) "Air navigation facility" means any facility other than one owned or controlled by the federal government used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of air navigation, including airports, and any structures, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communications system or other instrumentalities or devices used or useful as an aid or constituting an advantage or convenience to the safe taking off, navigation, and landing of aircraft or the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport, and any combination of any or all of such facilities.

(f) "Airport" means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for use, for the landing and take off of aircraft and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon.

(g) "Airport hazard" means any structure, object of natural growth or use of land which obstructs the air space required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at any airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off.

(h) "Commission" means the West Virginia state aeronautics commission.

(i) "Director" means the director of aeronautics of this state.

(j) "Municipality" means any county, city, town, village or other political subdivision of this state. "Municipal" means pertaining to a municipality as herein defined.

(k) "Operation of aircraft" or "operate aircraft" means the use, navigation or piloting of aircraft in the airspace over this state or upon the ground within this state.

(l) "Person" means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or body politic and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof.

(m) The singular of any of the above defined terms shall include the plural and plural the singular.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2017 Regular Session
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