As used in this article:
(a) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of banking of West Virginia and any authorized deputy or employee thereof;
(b) "Federal law" means all the provisions of Title XII of the United States Code and all rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto;
(c) "Financial institution" means any bank, building and loan association, industrial bank, regulated consumer lender, credit union and any other person, firm or corporation doing business under the jurisdiction and supervision of the commissioner of banking of West Virginia;
(d) A financial institution is "about to be insolvent" when it would be unable to meet the demands of its depositors or to make adequate provision for the timely payment of its depositors if it were immediately closed for the purpose of liquidation;
(e) A financial institution is "insolvent" when it is unable to pay its debts to its depositors and other creditors in the ordinary and usual course of business or when it is in a state of balance sheet insolvency; and
(f) "Balance sheet insolvency" exists when the assets of a financial institution are less than its liabilities, exclusive of capital. For the purposes of ascertaining balance sheet insolvency, assets shall be valued at their book value, unless the commissioner of banking determines that the assets are insufficient to meet liabilities within a reasonable time making probable the liquidation of assets; and if any such determination is made, the assets shall be valued at fair market value.