(a) Subject to the provisions of this article, a physicians’ mutual insurance company may be created as a domestic, private, nonstock corporation. The company must remain for the duration of its existence a domestic mutual insurance company owned by its policyholders and may not be converted into a stock corporation or any other entity not owned by its policyholders.
(b) For the duration of its existence, the company is not and may not be considered a department, unit, agency, instrumentality of the state, state actor, quasi-state actor or quasi-public entity for any purpose. Any debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company, whenever incurred, are the debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company only and not of the state or of any department, unit, agency, instrumentality, officer or employee of the state.
(c) The moneys of the company are not and may not be considered part of the General Revenue Fund of the state. The debts, claims, obligations and liabilities of the company are not and may not be considered a debt of the state or a pledge of the credit of the state.
(d) The company is not subject to the provisions of article nine-a, chapter six of this code or the provisions of article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.
(e) All premiums collected by the company are subject to the premium taxes, additional premium taxes, additional fire and casualty insurance premium taxes and surcharges contained in sections fourteen, fourteen-a, fourteen-d and thirty-three, article three of this chapter.