For purposes of this article, unless specified otherwise:
(a) "Bingo" means the game wherein participants pay consideration for the use of one or more cards bearing several rows of numbers in which no two cards played in any one game contain the same sequence or pattern. When the game commences, numbers are selected by chance, one by one, and announced. The players cover or mark those numbers announced as they appear on the card or cards which they are using. The player who first announces that he or she has covered a predetermined sequence or pattern which had been preannounced for that game is, upon verification that he or she has covered the predetermined sequence or pattern, declared the winner of that game.
(b) "Bingo occasion" or "occasion" means a single gathering or session at which a series of one or more successive bingo games is conducted by a single licensee.
(c) "Charitable or public service activity or endeavor" means any bona fide activity or endeavor which directly benefits a number of people by:
(1) Assisting them to establish themselves in life as contributing members of society through education or religion; or
(2) Relieving them from disease, distress, suffering, constraint, or the effects of poverty;
(3) Increasing their comprehension of and devotion to the principles upon which this nation was founded and to the principles of good citizenship;
(4) Making them aware of or educating them about issues of public concern so long as the activity or endeavor is not aimed at influencing legislation or supporting or participating in the campaign of any candidate for public office;
(5) By lessening the burdens borne by government or voluntarily supporting, augmenting or supplementing services which government would normally render to the people;
(6) Providing or supporting nonprofit community activities for youth, senior citizens or the disabled; or
(7) Providing or supporting nonprofit cultural or artistic activities.
(d) "Charitable or public service organization" means a bona fide, not for profit, tax-exempt, benevolent, educational, philanthropic, humane, patriotic, civic, religious, fraternal, or eleemosynary incorporated or unincorporated association or organization; or a volunteer fire department, rescue unit or other similar volunteer community service organization or association; but does not include any nonprofit association or organization, whether incorporated or not, which is organized primarily for the purposes of influencing legislation or supporting or promoting the campaign of any candidate for public office.
An organization or association is tax-exempt if it is, and has received from the Internal Revenue Service a determination letter that is currently in effect stating that the organization is, exempt from federal income taxation under subsection 501(a) and described in subsection 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(8), 501(c)(10), 501(c)(19) or 501(d) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(e) "Commissioner" means the State Tax Commissioner.
(f) "Concession" means any stand, booth, cart, counter or other facility, whether stationary or movable, where beverages, both alcoholic and nonalcoholic, food, snacks, cigarettes or other tobacco products, newspapers, souvenirs or any other items are sold to patrons by an individual operating the facility. Notwithstanding anything contained in subdivision (2), subsection (a), section twelve, article seven, chapter sixty of this code to the contrary, "concession" includes beverages which are regulated by and are subject to the provisions of chapter sixty of this code: Provided, That in no case may the sale or the consumption of alcoholic beverages or nonintoxicating beer be permitted in any area where bingo is conducted.
(g) "Conduct" means to direct the actual playing of a bingo game by activities including, but not limited to, handing out bingo cards, collecting fees, drawing the numbers, announcing the numbers, posting the numbers, verifying winners and awarding prizes.
(h) "Expend net proceeds for charitable or public service purposes" means to devote the net proceeds of a bingo occasion or occasions to a qualified recipient organization or as otherwise provided by this article and approved by the commissioner pursuant to section fifteen of this article.
(i) "Gross proceeds" means all moneys collected or received from the conduct of bingo at all bingo occasions held by a licensee during a license period; this term shall not be considered to include any moneys collected or received from the sale of concessions at bingo occasions.
(j) "Joint bingo occasion" means a single gathering or session at which a series of one or more successive bingo games is conducted by two or more licensees.
(k) "Licensee" means any organization or association granted an annual, limited occasion or state fair bingo license pursuant to the provisions of this article.
(l) "Net proceeds" means all moneys collected or received from all the conduct of bingo at bingo occasions held by a licensee during a license period after payment of expenses authorized by sections ten, thirteen, fifteen and twenty-two of this article; this term shall not be considered to include moneys collected or received from the sale of concessions at bingo occasions.
(m) "Person" means any individual, association, society, incorporated or unincorporated organization, firm, partnership or other nongovernmental entity or institution.
(n) "Patron" means any individual who attends a bingo occasion other than an individual who is participating in the conduct of the occasion or in the operation of any concession, whether or not the individual is charged an entrance fee or plays any bingo games.
(o) "Qualified recipient organization" means any bona fide, not for profit, tax-exempt, as defined in subdivision (d) of this section, incorporated or unincorporated association or organization which is organized and functions exclusively to directly benefit a number of people as provided in subparagraphs (1) through (7), subdivision (c) of this section. "Qualified recipient organization" includes without limitation any licensee which is organized and functions exclusively as provided in this subdivision.
(p) "Venue" means the location in which bingo occasions are held.