West Virginia Code
1 - DEFINITIONS
2 - INSURANCE COMMISSIONER
3 - LICENSING, FEES AND TAXATION OF
3A - STATE OF ENTRY FOR FOREIGN INS
4 - GENERAL PROVISIONS
4A - ALL-PAYER CLAIMS DATABASE
5 - ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES OF
6 - THE INSURANCE POLICY
6A - CANCELLATION OR NONRENEWAL OF
6B - DECLINATION OF AUTOMOBILE LIAB
6C - GUARANTEED LOSS RATIOS AS APPL
6D - MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR AND REPLA
6F - DISCLOSURE OF NONPUBLIC PERSON
7 - ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
8 - INVESTMENTS
8A - USE OF CLEARING CORPORATIONS A
9 - ADMINISTRATION OF DEPOSITS
10 - REHABILITATION AND LIQUIDATIO
11 - UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
11A - INSURANCE SALES CONSUMER PRO
12 - INSURANCE PRODUCERS AND SOLIC
12A - CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS BE
12B - ADJUSTERS
12C - SURPLUS LINE
13 - LIFE INSURANCE
13A - VARIABLE CONTRACTS
13B - CHARITABLE GIFT ANNUITIES
13C - VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS ACT
14 - GROUP LIFE INSURANCE
15 - ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURAN
15A - WEST VIRGINIA LONG-TERM CARE
15B - UNIFORM HEALTH CARE ADMINIST
15C - DIABETES INSURANCE
15D - INDIVIDUAL LIMITED HEALTH BE
15E - DISCOUNT MEDICAL PLAN ORGANI
16 - GROUP ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS I
16A - GROUP HEALTH INSURANCE CONVE
16B - ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS RATES
16C - EMPLOYER GROUP ACCIDENT AND
16D - MARKETING AND RATE PRACTICES
16E - CONTRACEPTIVE COVERAGE
16F - GROUP LIMITED HEALTH BENEFIT
16G - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH BENEFIT
16H - REVIEW OF ADVERSE DETERMINAT
17 - FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE
17A - PROPERTY INSURANCE DECLINATI
18 - CASUALTY INSURANCE
19 - SURETY INSURANCE
20 - RATES AND RATING ORGANIZATION
20A - WEST VIRGINIA ESSENTIAL INSU
20B - RATES AND MALPRACTICE INSURA
20C - CANCELLATION OR NONRENEWAL O
20D - TAIL INSURANCE
20E - WEST VIRGINIA MEDICAL PROFES
20F - PHYSICIANS' MUTUAL INSURANCE
21 - RECIPROCAL INSURERS
22 - FARMERS' MUTUAL FIRE INSURANC
23 - FRATERNAL BENEFIT SOCIETIES
24 - HOSPITAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS
25 - HEALTH CARE CORPORATIONS
25A - HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZAT
25B - FEDERAL INSURANCE SUBSIDY FO
25C - HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZAT
25D - PREPAID LIMITED HEALTH SERVI
25E - PATIENTS' EYE CARE ACT
25F - COVERAGE FOR PATIENT COST OF
26 - WEST VIRGINIA GUARANTY ASSOCI
26A - WEST VIRGINIA LIFE AND HEALT
26B - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH MAINTEN
27 - INSURANCE HOLDING COMPANY SYS
28 - INDIVIDUAL ACCIDENT AND SICKN
29 - LIFE AND ACCIDENT AND SICKNES
30 - MINE SUBSIDENCE INSURANCE
31 - CAPTIVE INSURANCE
31A - SPONSORED CAPTIVE INSURANCE
32 - RISK RETENTION ACT
33 - ANNUAL AUDITED FINANCIAL REPO
34 - ADMINISTRATIVE SUPERVISION
34A - STANDARDS AND COMMISSIONER'S
35 - CRIMINAL SANCTIONS FOR FAILUR
36 - BUSINESS TRANSACTED WITH PROD
37 - MANAGING GENERAL AGENTS
38 - REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY ACT
39 - DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL TRANSA
40 - RISK-BASED CAPITAL (RBC) FOR
40A - RISKED-BASED CAPITAL FOR HEA
40B - RISK MANAGEMENT AND OWN RISK
41 - PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITY
42 - WOMEN'S ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
43 - INSURANCE TAX PROCEDURES ACT
44 - UNAUTHORIZED INSURERS ACT
45 - ETHICS AND FAIRNESS IN INSURE
46 - THIRD-PARTY ADMINISTRATOR ACT
46A - PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER ORGANI
47 - INTERSTATE INSURANCE PRODUCT
48 - MODEL HEALTH PLAN FOR UNINSUR
49 - FLOOD INSURANCE
50 - PATIENT PROTECTION AND TRANSP
51 - PHARMACY AUDIT INTEGRITY ACT
ARTICLE 25G. PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS.
The Legislature finds that, in light of the need to provide health care to a Medicaid population that is expected to rise dramatically in the near future, new models of managed care should be explored in order to enhance the state's ability to improve health outcomes and to manage the financial risk associated with the provision of such care. This article provides a licensing and regulatory scheme for provider sponsored networks, an alternative managed care model recognized in federal law, that recognizes the unique features of such entities.
(a) "Federally Qualified Health Center" means an entity as defined in 42 U.S.C. §1396d(l)(2)(B).
(b) "Medicaid beneficiary" means any person participating, through either a state plan amendment or waiver demonstration, in any Medicaid program administered by the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources or its Bureau for Medical Services.
(c) "Participating provider" means a licensed health care provider who has entered into a contract with a provider sponsored network to provide services to Medicaid enrollees.
(d) "Provider sponsored network" means an entity that satisfies the definition of a "Medicaid managed care organization" set forth in 42 U.S.C. §1396b(m)(1)(A), is controlled by one or more Federally Qualified Health Centers, as set forth in 42 U.S.C. §1396b(m)(1)(C)(ii)(IV), and provides or otherwise makes available health care services solely to Medicaid beneficiaries or beneficiaries of medicaid or medicare pursuant to contract with the secretary executed in accordance with article two-l, chapter sixteen of this code.
(e) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources.
(a) Except to the extent provided otherwise in this article, a provider sponsored network is subject to the provisions of article twenty-five-a of this chapter to the same extent as an HMO.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section four, article twenty-five-a of this chapter, in determining whether a provider sponsored network has demonstrated in its application for a certificate of authority or at a later time that it is financially responsible and may reasonably be expected to meet its obligations to Medicaid beneficiaries, the commissioner may, in his or her sole discretion and after consultation with the secretary, impose lower or different solvency requirements, including lower surplus and capital. In deciding whether to permit lower or different solvency standards, the commissioner shall consider actuarial evaluations and other qualified technical standards and may also consider factors such as a lower risk of insolvency, any transfer of risk to a third party, and the restriction of the provider sponsored network to the provision of Medicaid-related services; these same factors may also be considered in reviewing and acting upon a provider sponsored network's RBC report.
(c) A provider sponsored network may at any time seek to convert its certificate of authority granted pursuant to this article to a certificate of authority to operate as an HMO by filing an application in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-five-a of this chapter.
(a) Any willing physician or licensed behavioral health provider is entitled to participate in a provider sponsored network provided that he or she is willing to participate in the health care delivery approach designed by the provider sponsored network and such other applicable requirements of the Department of Health and Human Resources.
(b) As a condition of provider participation, including participation by hospitals, a provider sponsored network may require that its care management protocols be observed, including provisions for designations of certain services that may be provided only by designated providers or classes of providers, requirements that providers be credentialed before they may provide certain services, and requirements that providers comply with utilization management programs and referral systems as established by the provider sponsored network. A provider sponsored network may not require a participating physician provider to sell or transfer ownership of his, her or its assets or practice operations to the provider sponsored network or any of its participating providers as a condition of participation or of being permitted access or use of the provider sponsored network's medical home resources and care management systems.
(c) A participating provider shall have the right to participate in, and contract with, other networks or other managed care organizations to provide services to Medicaid beneficiaries.
The commissioner may promulgate emergency rules and shall propose for legislative approval legislative rules, in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, as are necessary to provide for implementation and enforcement of the provisions of this article.