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Chapter 16     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. STATE PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 1A. UNIFORM CREDENTIALING FOR HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS.

ARTICLE 1B. SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES FOR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.

ARTICLE 1C. HEALTH CARE PROVIDER TRANSPARENCY ACT.

ARTICLE 2. LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH.

ARTICLE 2A. ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF ORGANIZING LOCAL HEALTH AGENCIES.

ARTICLE 2B. FAMILY PLANNING AND CHILD SPACING.

ARTICLE 2C. HOME HEALTH SERVICES.

ARTICLE 2D. CERTIFICATE OF NEED.

ARTICLE 2E. BIRTHING CENTERS.

ARTICLE 2G. SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN (WIC).

ARTICLE 2H. PRIMARY CARE SUPPORT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2I. WOMEN\'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT.

ARTICLE 2J. PREVENTIVE CARE PILOT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2K. PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY, \"PACE\".

ARTICLE 2L. PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS.

ARTICLE 2M. THE PAIN-CAPABLE UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION ACT.

ARTICLE 2N. NEONATAL ABSTINENCE CENTERS.

ARTICLE 2O. UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION FROM DISMEMBERMENT ABORTION ACT.

ARTICLE 3. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF COMMUNICABLE AND OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

ARTICLE 3A. REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION ON MEDICAL TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; REQUEST FOR INFORMATION; PENALTIES; ENFORCEMENT.

ARTICLE 3B. PERTUSSIS.

ARTICLE 3C. AIDS-RELATED MEDICAL TESTING AND RECORDS CONFIDENTIALITY ACT.

ARTICLE 3D. TUBERCULOSIS TESTING, CONTROL, TREATMENT AND COMMITMENT.

ARTICLE 4. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES.

ARTICLE 4A. PRENATAL EXAMINATION.

ARTICLE 4B. AUTOPSIES ON BODIES OF DECEASED PERSONS.

ARTICLE 4C. EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES ACT.

ARTICLE 4D. AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS.

ARTICLE 4E. UNIFORM MATERNAL SCREENING ACT.

ARTICLE 4F. EXPEDITED PARTNER THERAPY.

ARTICLE 5. VITAL STATISTICS.

ARTICLE 5A. CANCER CONTROL.

ARTICLE 5B. HOSPITALS AND SIMILAR INSTITUTIONS.

ARTICLE 5C. NURSING HOMES.

ARTICLE 5D. ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCES.

ARTICLE 5E. REGISTRATION AND INSPECTION OF SERVICE PROVIDERS IN LEGALLY UNLICENSED HEALTH CARE HOMES.

ARTICLE 5F. HEALTH CARE FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.

ARTICLE 5G. OPEN HOSPITAL PROCEEDINGS.

ARTICLE 5H. CHRONIC PAIN CLINIC LICENSING ACT.

ARTICLE 5I. HOSPICE LICENSURE ACT.

ARTICLE 5J. CLINICAL LABORATORIES QUALITY ASSURANCE ACT.

ARTICLE 5K. EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES FOR CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS.

ARTICLE 5L. LONG-TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 5M. OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 5N. RESIDENTIAL CARE COMMUNITIES.

ARTICLE 5O. MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION BY UNLICENSED PERSONNEL.

ARTICLE 5P. SENIOR SERVICES.

ARTICLE 5Q. THE JAMES \"TIGER\" MORTON CATASTROPHIC ILLNESS FUND.

ARTICLE 5R. THE ALZHEIMER\'S SPECIAL CARE STANDARDS ACT.

ARTICLE 5S. OLDER WEST VIRGINIANS ACT.

ARTICLE 5T. OFFICE OF DRUG CONTROL POLICY.

ARTICLE 5U. ARTHRITIS PREVENTION EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 5V. EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES RETIREMENT SYSTEM ACT.

ARTICLE 5W. WEST VIRGINIA OFFICIAL PRESCRIPTION PROGRAM ACT.

ARTICLE 5X. CAREGIVER ADVISE, RECORD AND ENABLE ACT.

ARTICLE 5Y. MEDICATION-ASSISTED TREATMENT PROGRAM LICENSING ACT.

ARTICLE 5Z. COALITION FOR DIABETES MANAGEMENT.

ARTICLE 6. HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.

ARTICLE 7. PURE FOOD AND DRUGS.

ARTICLE 8. ELECTROLOGISTS.

ARTICLE 8A. NARCOTIC DRUGS.

ARTICLE 8B. DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT.

ARTICLE 9. OFFENSES GENERALLY.

ARTICLE 9A. TOBACCO USAGE RESTRICTIONS.

ARTICLE 9B. IMPLEMENTING TOBACCO MASTER SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT.

ARTICLE 9C. STATE TOBACCO GROWERS\' SETTLEMENT BOARD.

ARTICLE 9D. ENFORCEMENT OF STATUTES IMPLEMENTING TOBACCO MASTER SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT.

ARTICLE 9E. DELIVERY SALES OF TOBACCO.

ARTICLE 9F. COUNTERFEIT CIGARETTES.

ARTICLE 10. UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEATH ACT.

ARTICLE 11. SEXUAL STERILIZATION.

ARTICLE 12. SANITARY DISTRICTS FOR SEWAGE DISPOSAL.

ARTICLE 13. SEWAGE WORKS AND STORMWATER WORKS.

ARTICLE 13A. PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 13B. COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 13C. DRINKING WATER TREATMENT REVOLVING FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 13D. REGIONAL WATER AND WASTEWATER AUTHORITY ACT.

ARTICLE 13E. COMMUNITY ENHANCEMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 14. BARBERS AND COSMETOLOGISTS.

ARTICLE 15. STATE HOUSING LAW.

ARTICLE 16. HOUSING COOPERATION LAW.

ARTICLE 17. NATIONAL DEFENSE HOUSING.

ARTICLE 18. SLUM CLEARANCE.

ARTICLE 19. ANATOMICAL GIFT ACT.

ARTICLE 20. AIR POLLUTION CONTROL.

ARTICLE 21. BLOOD DONATIONS.

ARTICLE 22. DETECTION AND CONTROL OF PHENYLKETONURIA, GALACTOSEMIA, HYPOTHYROIDISM, AND CERTAIN OTHER DISEASES IN NEWBORN CHILDREN.

ARTICLE 22A. TESTING OF NEWBORN INFANTS FOR HEARING IMPAIRMENTS.

ARTICLE 22B. BIRTH SCORE PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 23. TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD; TRANSPLANTING HUMAN ORGANS OR TISSUE.

ARTICLE 24. STATE HEMOPHILIA PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 25. DETECTION OF TUBERCULOSIS, HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND DIABETES.

ARTICLE 26. WEST VIRGINIA SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT BOARD.

ARTICLE 27. STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE MATERIALS.

ARTICLE 27A. BAN ON CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS.

ARTICLE 28. ASSISTANCE TO KOREAN AND VIETNAM VETERANS EXPOSED TO CERTAIN CHEMICAL DEFOLIANTS OR HERBICIDES OR OTHER CAUSATIVE AGENTS, INCLUDING AGENT ORANGE.

ARTICLE 29. HEALTH CARE RECORDS.

ARTICLE 29A. WEST VIRGINIA HOSPITAL FINANCE AUTHORITY ACT.

ARTICLE 29B. HEALTH CARE AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 29C. INDIGENT CARE.

ARTICLE 29D. STATE HEALTH CARE.

ARTICLE 29E. LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT COMMISSION ON HEALTH AND HUMAN RESOURCES ACCOUNTABILITY.

ARTICLE 29F. UNINSURED AND UNDERINSURED PILOT PROGRAMS.

ARTICLE 29G. WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH INFORMATION NETWORK.

ARTICLE 29H. INTERAGENCY HEALTH COUNCIL.

ARTICLE 29I. WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE AUTHORITY REVOLVING LOAN AND GRANT FUND.

ARTICLE 30. WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE DECISIONS ACT.

ARTICLE 30A. MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY.

ARTICLE 30B. HEALTH CARE SURROGATE ACT.

ARTICLE 30C. DO NOT RESUSCITATE ACT.

ARTICLE 31. COMMUNITY RIGHT TO KNOW.

ARTICLE 32. ASBESTOS ABATEMENT.

ARTICLE 33. BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT.

ARTICLE 34. LICENSURE OF RADON MITIGATORS, TESTERS, CONTRACTORS AND LABORATORIES.

ARTICLE 35. LEAD ABATEMENT.

ARTICLE 36. NEEDLESTICK INJURY PREVENTION.

ARTICLE 37. BODY PIERCING STUDIO BUSINESS.

ARTICLE 38. TATTOO STUDIO BUSINESS.

ARTICLE 39. PATIENT SAFETY ACT.

ARTICLE 40. STATEWIDE BIRTH DEFECTS INFORMATION SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 41. ORAL HEALTH IMPROVEMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 42. COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIORAL HEALTH COMMISSION.

ARTICLE 43. ENGINE COOLANT AND ANTIFREEZE.

ARTICLE 44. THE PULSE OXIMETRY NEWBORN TESTING ACT.

ARTICLE 45. TANNING FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 46. ACCESS TO OPIOID ANTAGONISTS ACT.

ARTICLE 47. ALCOHOL AND DRUG OVERDOSE PREVENTION AND CLEMENCY ACT.

ARTICLE 48. WEST VIRGINIA ABLE ACT.

ARTICLE 49. WEST VIRGINIA CLEARANCE FOR ACCESS: REGISTRY AND EMPLOYMENT SCREENING ACT.

ARTICLE 50. EPINEPHRINE AUTO-INJECTOR AVAILABILITY AND USE.

ARTICLE 51. RIGHT TO TRY ACT.

ARTICLE 52. COALITION FOR RESPONSIBLE PAIN MANAGEMENT.

ARTICLE 53. ESTABLISHING ADDITIONAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 54. OPIOID REDUCTION ACT.

ARTICLE 54. STATE ADVISORY COALITION ON PALLIATIVE CARE.

ARTICLE 2F. PARENTAL NOTIFICATION OF ABORTIONS PERFORMED ON UNEMANCIPATED MINORS.

§16-2F-1. Legislative findings and intent.

(a) The Legislature finds that immature minors often lack the ability to make fully informed choices that take into account both immediate and long-range consequences of their actions; that the medical, emotional and psychological consequences of abortion are serious and of indeterminate duration, particularly when the patient is immature; that in its current abortion policy as expressed in Bellotti v. Baird, 443 U.S. 622 (1979), H. L. v. Matheson, 450 U.S. 398 (1981), and Hodgson v. Minnesota, 497 U.S. 417, (1990), the United States Supreme Court held that notification of a parent with a judicial waiver procedure is Constitutional; that parents ordinarily possess information essential to a physician’s exercise of his or her best medical judgment concerning their child; and that parents who are aware that their minor daughter has had an abortion may better ensure that the minor receives adequate medical attention after her abortion.

(b) The Legislature further finds that parental consultation regarding abortion is usually desirable and in the best interests of the minor.

(c) The Legislature further finds there exists important and compelling state interests:

(1) In protecting minors against their own immaturity,

(2) In fostering the family structure and preserving it as a viable social unit, and

(3) In protecting the rights of parents to rear their own children in their own household.

(d) It is, therefore, the intent of the Legislature to further these important and compelling state interests by enacting this parental notice provision.

§16-2F-2. Definitions.

For purposes of this article, unless the context in which used clearly requires otherwise:

As used in this article:

(1) “Abortion” means the use of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with intent to terminate the pregnancy of a female known to be pregnant and with intent to cause the expulsion of a fetus other than by live birth. This article does not prevent the prescription, sale, or transfer of intrauterine contraceptive devices, other contraceptive devices, or other generally medically accepted contraceptive devices, instruments, medicines or drugs for a female who is not known to be pregnant and for whom the contraceptive devices, instruments, medicines or drugs were prescribed by a physician solely for contraceptive purposes and not for the purpose of inducing or causing the termination of a known pregnancy.

(2) “Medical emergency” means the same as that term is defined in §16-2M-2 of this code.

(3) “Secretary” means the Secretary of the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources.

(4) “Unemancipated minor” means any person less than 18 years of age who is not, or has not been, married, who is under the care, custody, and control of the person’s parent or parents, guardian, or court of competent jurisdiction pursuant to applicable federal law or as provided in §49-4-115 of this code.

§16-2F-3. Parental notification required for abortions performed on unemancipated minors.

 (a) A physician may not perform an abortion upon an unemancipated minor until notice of the pending abortion as required by this section is complete.

(b) A physician or his or her agent may personally give notice directly, in person, by telephone or by letter to the parent, the guardian or conservator of the unemancipated minor at their usual place of residence and shall be delivered personally by the physician or his or her agent. Upon delivery of the notice, forty-eight hours shall pass until the abortion may be performed.

(c) A physician or his or her agent may provide notice by certified mail addressed to the parent, the guardian or conservator of the unemancipated minor at their usual place of residence, return receipt requested. The delivery shall be sent restricted delivery assuring that the letter is delivered only to the addressee. Time of delivery shall be deemed to occur at twelve o’clock noon on the next day on which regular mail delivery takes place unless. Upon delivery of the notice, forty-eight hours shall pass until the abortion may be performed.

(d) Notice may be waived if the person entitled to notice certifies in writing that he or she has been notified.

§16-2F-4. Process to obtain waiver of notification.

(a) An unemancipated minor who objects to the notice being given to her parent or legal guardian may petition for a waiver of the notice to the circuit court of the county in which the unemancipated minor resides or in which the abortion is to be performed, or to the judge of either of such courts.

(b) The petition need not be made in any specific form and shall be sufficient if it fairly sets forth the facts and circumstances of the matter, but shall contain the following information:

(i) The age of the unemancipated minor and her educational level;

(ii) The county and state in which she resides; and

(iii) A brief statement of unemancipated minor’s reason or reasons for the desired waiver of notification of the parent or guardian of such unemancipated minor.

No such petition shall be dismissed nor shall any hearing thereon be refused because of any defect in the form of the petition.

(c) The Attorney General shall prepare suggested form petitions and accompanying instructions and shall make the same available to the clerks of the circuit courts. The clerks shall make the form petitions and instructions available in the clerks office.

(d) The proceedings held pursuant to this article shall be confidential and the court shall conduct the proceedings in camera. The court shall inform the unemancipated minor of her right to be represented by counsel. If the unemancipated minor is without the requisite funds to retain the services of an attorney, the court will appoint an attorney to represent the unemancipated minor’s interest in the matter. If the unemancipated minor desires the services of an attorney, an attorney shall be appointed to represent the unemancipated minor, if the unemancipated minor advises the court under oath or affidavit that the unemancipated minor is financially unable to retain counsel. An attorney appointed to represent the unemancipated minor shall be appointed and paid for his services pursuant to the provisions of article twenty-one, chapter twenty-nine of this code. The pay shall not exceed the sum of $100.

(e) The court shall conduct a hearing upon the petition without delay, but may not exceed the next succeeding judicial day. The court shall render its decision immediately upon its submission and, its written order not later than twenty-four hours and entered in the record by the clerk of the court. All testimony, documents, evidence, petition, orders entered thereon and all records relating to the matter shall be sealed by the clerk and shall not be opened to any person except upon order of the court upon a showing of good cause. A separate order book for the purposes of this article shall be maintained by the clerk and shall be sealed and not open to inspection by any person save upon order of the court for good cause shown.

(f) Notice as required by section three of this article shall be ordered waived by the court if the court finds either:

(1) That the unemaciated minor is mature and well informed sufficiently to make the decision to proceed with the abortion independently and without the notification or involvement of her parent or legal guardian; or

(2) That notification to the person or persons to whom notification would otherwise be required would not be in the best interest of the unemancipated minor.

 (g) A confidential appeal shall be available to any unemancipated minor to whom a court denies an order authorizing an abortion without notification. An order authorizing an abortion without notification may not be appealed. Access to the trial court and the Supreme Court of Appeals shall be given to an unemancipated minor.

(h) Filing fees are not required of any unemancipated minor who avails herself of any of the procedures provided by this section.

§16-2F-5. Emergency exception from notification requirements.

(a) The notification requirements of section three of this article do not apply where the attending physician certifies that there is a need for an abortion to be performed due to a medical emergency. A description of the medical emergency shall be maintained with the unemancipated minor’s medical records.

(b) If the physician who is to perform the abortion concludes under subsection (a) of this section that a medical emergency exists and that there is insufficient time to provide the notice required by section three of this article, the physician shall make a reasonable effort to inform, in person or by telephone, the parent, managing conservator, or guardian of the unemancipated minor within 24 hours after the time a medical emergency abortion is performed on the minor of:

(1) The performance of the abortion; and

(2) The basis for the physician’s determination that a medical emergency existed that required the performance of a medical emergency abortion without fulfilling the requirements of section three.

(c) A physician who performs an abortion under the circumstances described in subsection (a) of this section shall, not later than 48 hours after the abortion is performed, send a written notice that a medical emergency occurred and that the parent, managing conservator, or guardian may contact the physician for more information and medical records, to the last known address of the parent, managing conservator, or guardian by certified mail, restricted delivery, return receipt requested. The physician may rely on last known address information if a reasonable and prudent person, under similar circumstances, would rely on the information as sufficient evidence that the parent, managing conservator, or guardian resides at that address. The physician shall keep in the minor’s medical record:

(1) The return receipt from the written notice; or

(2) If the notice was returned as undeliverable, the notice.

(d) A physician who performs an abortion on an unemancipated minor during a medical emergency as described in subsection (a) of this section shall execute for inclusion in the medical record of the minor an affidavit that explains the specific medical emergency that necessitated the immediate abortion.

§16-2F-6. Reporting requirements for physicians.

(a) A physician performing an abortion upon an unemancipated minor shall provide the secretary a written report of the procedure within thirty days after having performed the abortion. The following information, in addition to any other information which may be required by the secretary, regarding an unemancipated minor receiving the abortion shall be included in the reporting form:

(1) Age;

(2) Educational level;

(3) Previous pregnancies;

(4) Previous live births;

(5) Previous abortions;

(6) Complications, if any, of the abortion being reported;

(7) Reason for waiver of notification, if such notice was waived; and

(8) The city and county in which the abortion was performed.

(b) The report shall not contain the name, address or other information by which the unemancipated minor receiving the abortion may be identified.

§16-2F-7. Article not to be construed to require abortion.

Nothing in this article, nor in any order issued pursuant thereto, shall require that a physician perform an abortion or that any person be required to assist in the performance of an abortion if such physician or person, for any reason, medical or otherwise, does not wish to perform or assist in such abortion.

§16-2F-8. Penalties.

(a) Any physician or other licensed medical practitioner who intentionally or recklessly performs or induces an abortion in violation of this article is considered to have acted outside the scope of practice permitted by law or otherwise in breach of the standard of care owed to patients, and is subject to discipline from the applicable licensure board for that conduct, including, but not limited to, loss of professional license to practice.

(b) A person, not subject to subsection (a) of this section, who intentionally or recklessly performs or induces an abortion in violation of this article is considered to have engaged in the unauthorized practice of medicine in violation of section thirteen, article three, chapter thirty of this code, and upon conviction, subject to the penalties contained in that section.

(c) In addition to the penalties set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, a patient may seek any remedy otherwise available to such patient by applicable law.

(d) No penalty may be assessed against any patient upon whom an abortion is performed or induced or attempted to be performed or induced.

§16-2F-9. Severability.

The provisions of subsection (cc), section ten, article two, chapter two of this code shall apply to the provisions of this article to the same extent as if said subsection were set forth in extenso herein.

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