West Virginia Code
1 - STATE PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
1A - UNIFORM CREDENTIALING FOR HEAL
1B - SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES FOR
1C - HEALTH CARE PROVIDER TRANSPARE
2 - LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH
2A - ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF ORGANIZI
2B - FAMILY PLANNING AND CHILD SPAC
2C - HOME HEALTH SERVICES
2D - CERTIFICATE OF NEED
2E - BIRTHING CENTERS
2F - PARENTAL NOTIFICATION OF ABORT
2G - SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD PRO
2H - PRIMARY CARE SUPPORT PROGRAM
2I - WOMEN'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT
2J - PREVENTIVE CARE PILOT PROGRAM
2K - PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE
2L - PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS
2M - THE PAIN-CAPABLE UNBORN CHILD
2N - NEONATAL ABSTINENCE CENTERS
2O - UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION FROM D
3 - PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF COMMU
3A - REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION ON M
3B - PERTUSSIS
3C - AIDS-RELATED MEDICAL TESTING A
3D - TUBERCULOSIS TESTING, CONTROL,
4 - SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
4A - PRENATAL EXAMINATION
4B - AUTOPSIES ON BODIES OF DECEASE
4C - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES ACT
4D - AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLAT
4E - UNIFORM MATERNAL SCREENING ACT
4F - EXPEDITED PARTNER THERAPY
5 - VITAL STATISTICS
5A - CANCER CONTROL
5B - HOSPITALS AND SIMILAR INSTITUT
5C - NURSING HOMES
5D - ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCES
5E - REGISTRATION AND INSPECTION OF
5F - HEALTH CARE FINANCIAL DISCLOSU
5G - OPEN HOSPITAL PROCEEDINGS
5H - CHRONIC PAIN CLINIC LICENSING
5I - HOSPICE LICENSURE ACT
5J - CLINICAL LABORATORIES QUALITY
5K - EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES FO
5L - LONG-TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGR
5M - OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION EDUCAT
5N - RESIDENTIAL CARE COMMUNITIES
5O - MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION BY U
5P - SENIOR SERVICES
5Q - THE JAMES "TIGER" MO
5R - THE ALZHEIMER'S SPECIAL CARE S
5S - OLDER WEST VIRGINIANS ACT
5T - OFFICE OF DRUG CONTROL POLICY
5U - ARTHRITIS PREVENTION EDUCATION
5V - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES RET
5W - WEST VIRGINIA OFFICIAL PRESCRI
5X - CAREGIVER ADVISE, RECORD AND E
5Y - MEDICATION-ASSISTED TREATMENT
5Z - COALITION FOR DIABETES MANAGEM
6 - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
7 - PURE FOOD AND DRUGS
8 - ELECTROLOGISTS
8A - NARCOTIC DRUGS
8B - DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT
9 - OFFENSES GENERALLY
9A - TOBACCO USAGE RESTRICTIONS
9B - IMPLEMENTING TOBACCO MASTER SE
9C - STATE TOBACCO GROWERS' SETTLEM
9D - ENFORCEMENT OF STATUTES IMPLEM
9E - DELIVERY SALES OF TOBACCO
16 - 9 E- 1
16 - 9 E- 2
16 - 9 E- 3
16 - 9 E- 4
16 - 9 E- 5
16 - 9 E- 6
16 - 9 E- 7
16 - 9 E- 8
9F - COUNTERFEIT CIGARETTES
10 - UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEAT
11 - SEXUAL STERILIZATION
12 - SANITARY DISTRICTS FOR SEWAGE
13 - SEWAGE WORKS AND STORMWATER W
13A - PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICTS
13B - COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT ACT
13C - DRINKING WATER TREATMENT REV
13D - REGIONAL WATER AND WASTEWATE
13E - COMMUNITY ENHANCEMENT ACT
14 - BARBERS AND COSMETOLOGISTS
15 - STATE HOUSING LAW
16 - HOUSING COOPERATION LAW
17 - NATIONAL DEFENSE HOUSING
18 - SLUM CLEARANCE
19 - ANATOMICAL GIFT ACT
20 - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
21 - BLOOD DONATIONS
22 - DETECTION AND CONTROL OF PHEN
22A - TESTING OF NEWBORN INFANTS F
22B - BIRTH SCORE PROGRAM
23 - TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD; TRANSPL
24 - STATE HEMOPHILIA PROGRAM
25 - DETECTION OF TUBERCULOSIS, HI
26 - WEST VIRGINIA SOLID WASTE MAN
27 - STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF RADIO
27A - BAN ON CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLE
28 - ASSISTANCE TO KOREAN AND VIET
29 - HEALTH CARE RECORDS
29A - WEST VIRGINIA HOSPITAL FINAN
29B - HEALTH CARE AUTHORITY
29C - INDIGENT CARE
29D - STATE HEALTH CARE
29E - LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT COMMIS
29F - UNINSURED AND UNDERINSURED P
29G - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH INFORMA
29H - INTERAGENCY HEALTH COUNCIL
29I - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE AU
30 - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE DEC
30A - MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY
30B - HEALTH CARE SURROGATE ACT
30C - DO NOT RESUSCITATE ACT
31 - COMMUNITY RIGHT TO KNOW
32 - ASBESTOS ABATEMENT
33 - BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER PR
34 - LICENSURE OF RADON MITIGATORS
35 - LEAD ABATEMENT
36 - NEEDLESTICK INJURY PREVENTION
37 - BODY PIERCING STUDIO BUSINESS
38 - TATTOO STUDIO BUSINESS
39 - PATIENT SAFETY ACT
40 - STATEWIDE BIRTH DEFECTS INFOR
41 - ORAL HEALTH IMPROVEMENT ACT
42 - COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIORAL HEAL
43 - ENGINE COOLANT AND ANTIFREEZE
44 - THE PULSE OXIMETRY NEWBORN TE
45 - TANNING FACILITIES
46 - ACCESS TO OPIOID ANTAGONISTS
47 - ALCOHOL AND DRUG OVERDOSE PRE
48 - WEST VIRGINIA ABLE ACT
49 - WEST VIRGINIA CLEARANCE FOR A
50 - EPINEPHRINE AUTO-INJECTOR AVA
51 - RIGHT TO TRY ACT
52 - COALITION FOR RESPONSIBLE PAI
53 - ESTABLISHING ADDITIONAL SUBST
CHAPTER 16. PUBLIC HEALTH.
ARTICLE 9E. DELIVERY SALES OF TOBACCO.
For purposes of this article:
(a) "Adult" means a person who is at least the legal minimum purchase age, as defined by section two, article nine-a of this chapter.
(b) "Consumer" means an individual who does not hold a business registration certificate in this state for the business of selling tobacco products as a wholesale or retail dealer.
(c) "Delivery sale" means any sale of cigarettes to a consumer in this state where either: (1) The purchaser submits the order for such sale by means of a telephonic or other method of voice transmission, the mails or any other delivery service, or the Internet or other online service; or (2) the cigarettes are delivered by use of the mails or a delivery service. A sale of cigarettes shall be a delivery sale regardless of whether or not the seller is located within this state. A sale of cigarettes not for personal consumption to a person who holds a business registration certificate as a wholesale dealer or a retail dealer shall not be a delivery sale.
(d) "Delivery service" means any person who is engaged in the commercial delivery of letters, packages, or other containers.
(e) "Department" means the State Tax Department.
(f) "Legal minimum purchase age" is at least eighteen years of age as defined by section two, article nine-a of this chapter for the purchase of cigarettes in this state.
(g) "Mails" or "mailing" means the shipment of cigarettes through the United States postal service.
(h)"Shipping container" means a container in which cigarettes are shipped in connection with a delivery sale.
(i) "Shipping documents" means bills of lading, airbills, or any other documents used to evidence the undertaking by a delivery service to deliver letters, packages, or other containers.
(a) No person shall make a delivery sale of cigarettes to any individual who is under the legal minimum purchase age in this state.
(b) Each person accepting a purchase order for a delivery sale shall comply with:
(1) The age verification requirements set forth in section three of this article;
(2) The disclosure requirements set forth in subdivision (3), subsection (a), section three of this article;
(3) The shipping requirements set forth in section four of this article;
(4) The registration and reporting requirements set forth in section five of this article;
(5) The tax collection requirements set forth in section six of this article; and
(6) All other laws of this state generally applicable to sales of cigarettes that occur entirely within this state, including, but not limited to, those laws imposing: (i) Excise taxes; (ii) sales taxes; (iii) license and revenue-stamping requirements; and (iv) escrow or other payment obligations.
(a) No person shall mail, ship, or otherwise deliver cigarettes in connection with a delivery sale unless prior to the first delivery sale to a consumer, the person:
(1) Obtains from the prospective consumer a certification that includes a reliable confirmation that the consumer is at least the legal minimum purchase age and a statement signed by the prospective consumer in writing that certifies the prospective consumer's address and that the consumer is at least eighteen years of age. The statement shall also confirm: (i) That the prospective consumer understands that it is illegal to sign another person's name to the certification; (ii) that the sale of cigarettes to individuals under the legal minimum purchase age is illegal; and (iii) that the purchase of cigarettes by individuals under the legal minimum purchase age is illegal under the laws of this state;
(2) Verifies the information contained in the certification provided by the prospective consumer against an appropriate database of government records available to the distributor or seller, or obtains simultaneous with the certificate as provided for in subdivision (1), a photocopy or other image of the valid, government-issued identification stating the date of birth or age of the individual placing the order;
(3) Sends to the prospective consumer, via e-mail or other means, a notice that contains: (A) A prominent and clearly legible statement that cigarette sales to a consumer below the legal minimum purchase age is illegal; (B) a prominent and clearly legible statement that consists of one of the warnings set forth in section 4(a)(1) of the federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, 15 U.S.C. §1333(a)(1), rotated on a quarterly basis; (C) a prominent and clearly legible statement that sales of cigarettes are restricted to those consumers who provide verifiable proof of age in accordance with section three of this article; and (D) a prominent and clearly legible statement that cigarette sales are subject to excise and sales taxes in this state, and an explanation of how such taxes have been, or are to be, paid with respect to the delivery sale.
(4) In the case of an order for cigarettes pursuant to an advertisement on the Internet, receives payment for the delivery sale from the prospective consumer by a credit or debit card or check that has been issued in the consumer's name.
(b) Persons accepting purchase orders for delivery sales may request that prospective consumers provide their e-mail addresses.
(a) Each person who mails, ships, or otherwise delivers cigarettes in connection with a delivery sale:
(1) Shall include as part of the bill of lading or other shipping documents a clear and conspicuous statement providing as follows: "Cigarettes: West Virginia Law Prohibits Shipping to Individuals Under 18, and Requires the Payment of all Applicable Taxes";
(2) Shall use a method of mailing, shipping, or delivery that obligates the delivery service to require: (i) The consumer placing the purchase order for the delivery sale, or another adult of legal minimum purchase age, to sign to accept delivery of the shipping container; and (ii) proof, in the form of a valid, government-issued identification bearing a photograph of the individual who signs to accept delivery of the shipping container, demonstrating that he is either the addressee or another adult of legal minimum purchase age; and
(3) Shall provide to the delivery service retained for such delivery sale evidence of full compliance with section seven of this article.
(b) A delivery service shall be in violation of this article if it: (1) Ships or otherwise delivers cigarettes in connection with a delivery sale without first receiving evidence of compliance with section seven of this article; or (2) fails to comply with the requirements described in subsection (a) or described in section six of this article:
(1) When obligated to do so under a method of shipping or delivery;
(2) When delivering any container pursuant to shipping documents containing the statement described in subdivision (1), subsection (a) of this section; or
(3) When delivering any container that the delivery service otherwise has reason to know contains cigarettes.
(c) If the person accepting a purchase order for a delivery sale delivers the cigarettes without using a delivery service, that person shall comply with all requirements of this article applicable to a delivery service and shall be in violation of the provisions of this article upon failure to comply with the requirements.
(a) Prior to making delivery sales or mailing, shipping, or otherwise delivering cigarettes in connection with any such sales, every person shall file with the department a statement setting forth the seller's name, trade name, and the address of the seller's principal place of business and any other place of business.
(b) Not later than the tenth day of each calendar month, each person that has made a delivery sale or mailed, shipped, or otherwise delivered cigarettes in connection with any such sale during the previous calendar month shall file with the department a memorandum or a copy of the invoice that provides for each and every delivery sale:
(1) The name and address of the consumer to whom the delivery sale was made;
(2) The brand or brands of the cigarettes that were sold in the delivery sale; and
(3) The quantity of cigarettes that were sold in the delivery sale.
(c) Any person that satisfies the requirements of 15 U.S.C. §376 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this section.
Each person accepting a purchase order for a delivery sale shall collect and remit to the department all cigarette taxes imposed by this state with respect to such delivery sale, except that the collection and remission shall not be required to the extent the person has obtained proof, in the form of the presence of applicable tax stamps or otherwise, that the taxes already have been paid to this state.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a first violation of any provision of this article shall be a misdemeanor and, punishable by a fine of $500 or five times the retail value of the cigarettes involved, whichever is greater.
(b) Any person who knowingly violates any provision of this article, or who knowingly and falsely submits a certification under section three of this article in another person's name, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, be fined $1,000 or ten times the retail value of the cigarettes involved, whichever is greater, or confined not more than six months, or both.
(c) Any person failing to collect or remit to the department any tax required in connection with a delivery sale shall be assessed, in addition to any other penalty, a penalty of five times the retail value of the cigarettes involved.
(d) Any cigarettes sold or attempted to be sold in a delivery sale that does not meet the requirements of this article shall be forfeited to this state and destroyed. All fixtures, equipment, and all other materials and personal property on the premises of any person who, with the intent to defraud this state, violates any of the requirements of this article, shall be forfeited to this state.
For violations of this article resulting in a delivery of tobacco products in this state, the prosecuting attorney of the county where the delivery is made shall have the power to prosecute the violation and to bring any action necessary to prevent further violations. The Attorney General or any person who holds a valid permit under 26 U.S.C. §5712 may bring any actions required to enforce all other requirements of this article and to prevent all other violations of its provisions.