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Chapter 18     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. DEFINITIONS; LIMITATIONS OF CHAPTER; GOALS FOREDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2. STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2A. ADOPTION OF TEXTBOOKS, INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES.

ARTICLE 2B. AREA VOCATIONAL PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2C. HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION OR BULLYING PROHIBITION.

ARTICLE 2D. COMMUNITY EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2E. HIGH QUALITY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS.

ARTICLE 2F. INCENTIVES AND RESULTS BASED SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2G. SCHOOL LIBRARY MEDIA IMPROVEMENT GRANT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2H. PUBLIC NOTICE AND PARTICIPATION IN STATE-MANDATED EDUCATIONAL REFORM.

ARTICLE 2I. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 2J. PUBLIC AND HIGHER EDUCATION UNIFIED EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC PLAN.

ARTICLE 2K. THE DIABETES CARE PLAN ACT.

ARTICLE 3. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.

ARTICLE 4. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.

ARTICLE 5. COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 5A. LOCAL SCHOOL INVOLVEMENT.

ARTICLE 5B. SCHOOL INNOVATION ZONES ACT.

ARTICLE 5C. COMMITTEE REORGANIZATION AND COLLABORATIVE TEAM WAIVERS.

ARTICLE 5D. WEST VIRGINIA FEED TO ACHIEVE ACT.

ARTICLE 5E. INNOVATION IN EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 5F. ACCESSIBILITY AND EQUITY IN PUBLIC EDUCATION ENHANCEMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 6. DRIVER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 7. ADULT LITERACY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 7A. STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7B. TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7C. MERGER OF TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM WITH STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7D. VOLUNTARY TRANSFER FROM TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM TO STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 8. COMPULSORY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE.

ARTICLE 8A. ATTENDANCE OF HOMELESS CHILDREN.

ARTICLE 9. SCHOOL FINANCES.

ARTICLE 9A. PUBLIC SCHOOL SUPPORT.

ARTICLE 9B. STATE BOARD OF SCHOOL FINANCE.

ARTICLE 9C. STATE AID FOR CONSTRUCTION, RENOVATION AND REMODELING OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND EQUIPPING OF THE SAME.

ARTICLE 9D. SCHOOL BUILDING AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 9E. AIR QUALITY IN NEW SCHOOLS ACT.

ARTICLE 9F. SCHOOL ACCESS SAFETY ACT.

ARTICLE 10. FEDERAL AID AND GIFTS FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

ARTICLE 10A. REHABILITATION SERVICES.

ARTICLE 10B. VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 10C. THE SOUTHERN REGIONAL EDUCATION COMPACT.

ARTICLE 10D. COMPACT FOR EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 10E. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON QUALIFICATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL PERSONNEL.

ARTICLE 10F. DISABLED PERSONS AND PUBLIC USE BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 10G. PROVIDING OF FOOD SERVICE IN PUBLIC OFFICE BUILDINGS BY THE WEST VIRGINIA DIVISION OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION.

ARTICLE 10H. ALBERT YANNI PROGRAMS OF EXCELLENCE IN VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 10I. WEST VIRGINIA SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 10J. BLIND PERSONS\' LITERACY RIGHTS AND EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 10K. WEST VIRGINIA TRAUMATIC BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD INJURY REHABILITATION FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 10L. RON YOST PERSONAL ASSISTANCE SERVICES ACT.

ARTICLE 10M. WEST VIRGINIA INDEPENDENT LIVING ACT.

ARTICLE 10N. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCESS FOR THE BLIND AND VISUALLY IMPAIRED.

ARTICLE 10O. DISABILITY HISTORY WEEK.

ARTICLE 11. WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY.

ARTICLE 11A. REVENUE BONDS FOR UNIVERSITY CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.

ARTICLE 11B. REVENUE BONDS FOR UNIVERSITY FACILITIES, BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES.

ARTICLE 11C. WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL AND WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 11D. REVENUE BONDS FOR WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 11E. REVENUE BONDS FOR MARSHALL UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 12. STATE TEACHERS\' COLLEGES.

ARTICLE 12A. REVENUE BONDS FOR MARSHALL UNIVERSITY CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.

ARTICLE 12B. REVENUE BONDS FOR STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION -- CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS ON SYSTEM BASIS.

ARTICLE 13. WEST VIRGINIA EDGE.

ARTICLE 14. BLUEFIELD STATE COLLEGE.

ARTICLE 15. WEST VIRGINIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

ARTICLE 16. ANTIHAZING LAW.

ARTICLE 17. WEST VIRGINIA SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF AND THE BLIND.

ARTICLE 18. WEST VIRGINIA SCHOOL FOR THE COLORED DEAF AND BLIND.

ARTICLE 19. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHILDREN OF DECEASED SOLDIERS, SAILORS, MARINES AND AIRMEN.

ARTICLE 20. EDUCATION OF EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN.

ARTICLE 21. SPECIAL COMMUNITY-BASED PILOT DEMONSTRATION PROJECT TO IMPROVE OUTCOMES FOR AT-RISK YOUTH.

ARTICLE 22. HIGHER EDUCATION FULL-TIME FACULTY SALARIES.

ARTICLE 22A. EMINENT SCHOLARS ENDOWMENT TRUST FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 22B. STATE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 22C. STATE AID FOR STUDENTS ATTENDING GREENBRIER COLLEGE OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE.

ARTICLE 22D. HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 22E. DISTINGUISHED PROFESSORS ENDOWMENT TRUST FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 23. ADDITIONAL POWERS, DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 24. FEES AND OTHER MONEY COLLECTED AT STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 25. TAX DEFERRED INVESTMENTS FOR TEACHERS AND OTHER EMPLOYEES.

ARTICLE 26. WEST VIRGINIA BOARD OF REGENTS.

ARTICLE 26A. STATE AUTISM TRAINING CENTER.

ARTICLE 26B. CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE SALARY SCHEDULE AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 26C. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

ARTICLE 26D. INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 27. WEST VIRGINIA EDUCATION LOAN BOND PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 29. GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE.

ARTICLE 30. WEST VIRGINIA COLLEGE PREPAID TUITION AND SAVINGS PROGRAM ACT.

ARTICLE 31. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS FOR STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 32. SEVERABILITY.

ARTICLE 28. PRIVATE, PAROCHIAL OR CHURCH SCHOOLS, OR SCHOOLS OF A RELIGIOUS ORDER.

§18-28-1. Policy.

In conformity with the Constitutions of the United States and of West Virginia, it is the public policy of the state in matters of education that no human authority shall, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience or with religious liberty and that no person shall be enforced, restrained, molested or burdened, in body or goods, or otherwise suffer, on account of his or her religious opinions or belief, but all people shall be free to profess, and by argument, to maintain their opinions in matters of religion; and further be free to select their religious instructor, and to make for his or her support, such private contract as they shall please, and that religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of humankind, the means of education shall forever be encouraged.

§18-28-2. Attendance; health and safety regulations.

The following is applicable to private, parochial or church schools or schools of a religious order:

(a) Each school shall observe a minimum instructional term of one hundred eighty days with an average of five hours of instruction per day;

(b) Each school shall make and maintain annual attendance and disease immunization records for each pupil enrolled and regularly attending classes. The attendance records shall be made available to the parents or legal guardians;

(c) Upon the request of the county superintendent, a school (or a parents organization composed of the parents or guardians of children enrolled in the school) shall furnish to the county board a list of the names and addresses of all children enrolled in the school between the ages of seven and sixteen years;

(d) Attendance by a child at any school which complies with this article satisfies the requirements of compulsory school attendance;

(e) Each school is subject to reasonable fire, health and safety inspections by state, county and municipal authorities as required by law, and is required to comply with the West Virginia school bus safety regulations; and

(f) Each school shall establish, file and update a school specific crisis response plan which complies with the requirements established for it by the state board and the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management pursuant to section nine, article nine-f of this chapter.

§18-28-3. Standardized testing requirements.

(a) Each private, parochial or church school or school of a religious order or other nonpublic school electing to operate under this statute in lieu of the approval requirements set forth as part of §18-8-1(b) of this code, shall administer during each school year a nationally normed standardized achievement test which test shall be selected by the chief administrative officer of each school. The test shall be administered to students at the same grade levels and in the same subject areas as required in the public schools of the state for administration of the state-wide summative assessment. The selected test shall be published or normed within the last ten years and shall be administered under standardized conditions as set forth by the published instructions of the selected test. The student participation rate on the standardized achievement test must be the same as that required in the public schools for a school’s composite score to be considered valid.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, any private, parochial, church school, school of a religious order or other nonpublic school that exclusively teaches special education students or children with learning disabilities shall academically assess students by one or more of the following methods: (1) A standardized group achievement test; (2) a standardized individual achievement test; (3) a written narrative of an evaluation of a portfolio of samples of a child’s work; (4) an alternative academic assessment of the child’s proficiency as mutually agreed by the county superintendent, parent(s) or legal guardian(s) and the school. The assessment shall be made of students at the same grade levels and in the same subject areas as required in the public schools of the state for administration of the state-wide summative assessment,

(c) Nothing in this section prohibits a private parochial, church school, school of a religious order or other nonpublic school from administering standardized achievement tests in additional subject areas or at additional grade levels as they may choose at their sole discretion.

(d) Each child’s testing or assessment results and the school composite results shall be made available to the child’s parents or legal guardians. Upon request of a duly authorized representative of the West Virginia Department of Education, the school’s composite results shall be furnished by the school or by a parents organization composed of the parents or guardians of children enrolled in said school to the State Superintendent of Schools.

(e) Each school to which this article applies shall:

(1) Establish curriculum objectives, the attainment of which will enable students to develop the potential for becoming literate citizens.

(2) Provide an instructional program that will make possible the acquisition of competencies necessary to become a literate citizen.

(f) If the school’s composite test results for any single year fall below the fortieth percentile on the selected standardized achievement test or a comparable level established by the state board for assessment methods authorized pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the school shall initiate a remedial program to foster achievement above that level. If after two consecutive calendar years school composite test results are not above the fortieth percentile or comparable level, attendance at the school no longer satisfies the compulsory school attendance requirement of §18-8-1(k) of this code, until the percentile standards herein set forth are met.

§18-28-4. Voluntary participation in state programs.

Any private, parochial or church school or school of a religious order or other nonpublic school complying with the provisions of this article may, on a voluntary basis, participate in any state operated or state sponsored program otherwise made available to such schools by law.

§18-28-5. New school notice requirements; termination.

(a) Any new school to which this article relates shall send to the State Superintendent of Schools of the State of West Virginia a notice of intent to operate, name and address of the school, and name of the school's chief administrator.

(b) Any school to which this article applies shall notify the State Superintendent of Schools of the State of West Virginia upon termination.

§18-28-6. Requirements exclusive.

No private, parochial or church school or school operated by any other religious group or body as part of its religious ministry or other nonpublic school which complies with the requirements of this article shall be subject to any other provision of law relating to education except requirements of law respecting fire, safety, sanitation and immunization.

§18-28-7. Waiver of required assessment for certain students attending parochial school.

The state superintendent may waive the assessment requirement for parochial schools set forth in section three of this article if the state superintendent determines that a court of law has held that the assessment requirement would violate a provision of the state or federal Constitution.

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