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Chapter 19     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

ARTICLE 1A. DIVISION OF FORESTRY.

ARTICLE 1B. SEDIMENT CONTROL DURING COMMERCIAL TIMBER HARVESTING OPERATIONS.

ARTICLE 1C. CARE OF LIVESTOCK.

ARTICLE 2. MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.

ARTICLE 2A. PUBLIC MARKETS.

ARTICLE 2B. INSPECTION OF MEAT AND POULTRY.

ARTICLE 2C. AUCTIONEERS.

ARTICLE 2D. IMITATION HONEY PRODUCT LAW.

ARTICLE 2E. HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK.

ARTICLE 2F. BEEF INDUSTRY SELF-IMPROVEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2G. TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY SELF-IMPROVEMENT BOARD.

ARTICLE 2H. CAPTIVE CERVID FARMING ACT.

ARTICLE 3. SALE OF FARM PRODUCTS BY COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

ARTICLE 4. COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATIONS.

ARTICLE 5. GRADING AND PACKING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

ARTICLE 5A. CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE STORAGE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

ARTICLE 6. DEMONSTRATION PACKINGHOUSES AND SIMILAR PLANTS.

ARTICLE 7. STATE AID FOR FAIRS.

ARTICLE 8. COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORKERS.

ARTICLE 9. DISEASES AMONG DOMESTIC ANIMALS.

ARTICLE 9A. FEEDING OF UNTREATED GARBAGE TO SWINE.

ARTICLE 10. MALE BREEDING ANIMALS.

ARTICLE 10A. THE WEST VIRGINIA EGG MARKETING LAW OF 1998.

ARTICLE 10B. LIVESTOCK DEALER\'S LICENSING ACT.

ARTICLE 11. BULK MILK TRADE LAW.

ARTICLE 11A. DAIRY PRODUCTS AND IMITATION DAIRY PRODUCTS LAW.

ARTICLE 11B. FROZEN DESSERTS AND IMITATION FROZEN DESSERTS LAW.

ARTICLE 11C. SOUTHERN DAIRY COMPACT.

ARTICLE 11D. TRADITIONAL CHEESE PRODUCTION.

ARTICLE 11E. Milk and milk products.

ARTICLE 12. INSECT PESTS, PLANT DISEASES AND NOXIOUS WEEDS.

ARTICLE 12A. LAND DIVISION.

ARTICLE 12B. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON PEST CONTROL.

ARTICLE 12C. INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE ON PESTICIDES.

ARTICLE 12D. WEST VIRGINIA NOXIOUS WEED ACT.

ARTICLE 12E. INDUSTRIAL HEMP DEVELOPMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 13. INSPECTION AND PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURE.

ARTICLE 14. WEST VIRGINIA COMMERCIAL FEED LAW.

ARTICLE 15. WEST VIRGINIA FERTILIZER LAW.

ARTICLE 15A. WEST VIRGINIA AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS LAW.

ARTICLE 16. WEST VIRGINIA SEED LAW.

ARTICLE 16A. WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE CONTROL ACT.

ARTICLE 16B. WEST VIRGINIA PESTICIDE USE AND APPLICATION ACT.

ARTICLE 17. FENCES.

ARTICLE 18. GENERAL STOCK LAW.

ARTICLE 19. PRESERVATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

ARTICLE 20. DOGS AND CATS.

ARTICLE 20A. VACCINATION OF DOGS AND CATS FOR RABIES.

ARTICLE 20B. SPAYING OR NEUTERING OF DOGS AND CATS.

ARTICLE 20C. WEST VIRGINIA SPAY NEUTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 21. DRAINAGE DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 21A. CONSERVATION DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 21B. WATERSHED IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS.

ARTICLE 22. VINEGARS.

ARTICLE 23. HORSE AND DOG RACING.

ARTICLE 24. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON LICENSURE OF PARTICIPANTS IN LIVE HORSE RACING WITH PARI-MUTUEL WAGERING.

ARTICLE 25. LIMITING LIABILITY OF LANDOWNERS.

ARTICLE 26. GENERAL JOHN MCCAUSLAND MEMORIAL FARM.

ARTICLE 27. WEST VIRGINIA STATE FARM MUSEUM.

ARTICLE 28. VITAMIN AND MINERAL ENRICHMENT OF FLOUR AND BREAD.

ARTICLE 29. PRODUCTION OF NONTRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS.

ARTICLE 30. DONATED FOOD.

ARTICLE 31. GUS R. DOUGLASS AGRICULTURAL CENTER AT GUTHRIE.

ARTICLE 32. AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 33. EQUINE RESCUE FACILITIES ACT.

ARTICLE 34. DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS ACT.

ARTICLE 35. FARMERS MARKETS.

ARTICLE 36. AGRITOURISM RESPONSIBILITY ACT.

ARTICLE 20D. PRIVATE CAUSE OF ACTION FOR THE HUMANE DESTRUCTION OF A DOG.

§19-20D-1. Purpose.

The purpose of this article is to protect the public by providing a private cause of action seeking euthanasia of a dog in magistrate court to a person who has been attacked by a dog resulting in personal injuries requiring medical treatment which cost $2,000 or more, or who has been attacked by the dog and the dog had attacked a person causing personal injury which required medical treatment within the previous twelve months.

§19-20D-2. Procedure; petition to magistrate court; elements of action; burden of proof; attorney fees; limitation of action.

(a) A person seeking relief under this article may apply to the magistrate court in the county where the dog owner resides, or the county where the injury occurred, by verified petition setting forth and affirming the following:

(1) That the owner of the dog resides in the county where the petition is filed or the attack giving rise to the action occurred in the county where the petition is filed;

(2) That the petitioner was:

(A) Attacked by the dog and the attack resulted in personal injuries requiring medical treatment in the amount of $2,000 or more; or

(B) Attacked by the dog and the dog had engaged in a separate attack on a person causing personal injury requiring medical treatment within the previous twelve months; and

(3) That the petitioner did nothing to provoke the dog.

(b) The petition and summons shall be served on the respondent in the manner set forth in Rule 4 of the West Virginia Rules of Civil Procedure.

(c) The petitioner must prove the allegations in the petition by clear and convincing evidence.

(d) The prevailing party is entitled to an award of reasonable attorney fees and costs.

(e) The limitations of the cause of action in this article are as follows:

(1) Relief, other than attorney fees and costs in subsection (d) of this section, is limited to an order directing that the owner of the dog have the dog euthanized; and

(2) The cause of action provided by this article does not establish statutory liability nor does it supplant a common law negligence cause of action.

§19-20D-3. Order of the magistrate court.

(a) If the trier of fact finds by clear and convincing evidence that the dog which is the subject of the action under this article has attacked the petitioner and caused personal injuries requiring medical treatment in the amount of $2,000 or more or that the dog attacked the petitioner and within the twelve month period prior to the attack had engaged in a separate attack causing personal injury requiring medical treatment, then the court shall order the owner of the dog to have the dog euthanized.

(b) The magistrate court shall issue and file a written order that sets forth the following:

(1) Findings of fact and conclusions of law; and

(2) If the court orders euthanasia, a specific date upon which the owner of the dog must have the euthanasia performed and a direction that documentation be mailed to the petitioner and filed with the court by a specific date showing that the procedure was performed.

(c) If the court does not order euthanasia, the court shall order that the petition be dismissed with prejudice.

(d) The court may award reasonable attorney fees and costs to the prevailing party.

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