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Chapter 31     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. BUSINESS AND NONPROFIT CORPORATIONS.

ARTICLE 1A. LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 2. RAILROAD COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 2A. RAILROAD CROSSING.

ARTICLE 2B. ILLUMINATION EQUIPMENT FOR RAILROAD CABOOSES.

ARTICLE 3. BOOM COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 4. BANKING INSTITUTIONS.

ARTICLE 4A. BANK COLLECTION CODE.

ARTICLE 4B. FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION.

ARTICLE 4C. NOMINEE REGISTRATION OF FIDUCIARY SECURITIES.

ARTICLE 4E. BANK SERVICE CORPORATIONS AND BANK SERVICES.

ARTICLE 5. INDEMNITY COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 6. BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS.

ARTICLE 6A. FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN INSURANCE CORPORATION.

ARTICLE 7. INDUSTRIAL LOAN COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 8. BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND SUPERVISION OF BANKING INSTITUTIONS, INDUSTRIAL LOAN COMPANIES AND BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS.

ARTICLE 9. WATER POWER COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 10. CREDIT UNIONS.

ARTICLE 11. THE SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION OF THE STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA.

ARTICLE 12. MEMBERSHIP IN FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS.

ARTICLE 13. HOSPITAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS AND MEDICAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS.

ARTICLE 14. WEST VIRGINIA BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS.

ARTICLE 15. WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 15A. WEST VIRGINIA INFRASTRUCTURE AND JOBS DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL.

ARTICLE 15B. INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS.

ARTICLE 15C. BROADBAND DEPLOYMENT.

ARTICLE 16. WEST VIRGINIA STEEL FUTURES PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 17. WEST VIRGINIA RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDER, BROKER AND SERVICER ACT.

ARTICLE 17A. WEST VIRGINIA SAFE MORTGAGE LICENSING ACT.

ARTICLE 18. WEST VIRGINIA HOUSING DEVELOPMENT FUND.

ARTICLE 18A. WEST VIRGINIA ENERGY CONSERVATION REVOLVING LOAN FUND.

ARTICLE 18B. MORTGAGE AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT POOL.

ARTICLE 18C. VETERANS\' MORTGAGE FUND.

ARTICLE 18D. WEST VIRGINIA AFFORDABLE HOUSING TRUST FUND.

ARTICLE 18E. WEST VIRGINIA LAND REUSE AGENCY AUTHORIZATION ACT.

ARTICLE 19. WEST VIRGINIA COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 20. WEST VIRGINIA REGIONAL JAIL AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 21. WEST VIRGINIA LAND STEWARDSHIP CORPORATION.

ARTICLE 4D. UNIFORM ACT FOR SIMPLIFICATION OF FIDUCIARY SECURITY TRANSFERS.

§31-4D-1. Definitions.

In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) "Assignment" includes any written stock power, bond power, bill of sale, deed, declaration of trust or other instrument of transfer.

(b) "Claim of beneficial interest" includes a claim of any interest by a decedent's legatee, distributee, heir or creditor, a beneficiary under a trust, a ward, a beneficial owner of a security registered in the name of a nominee, or a minor owner of a security registered in the name of a custodian, or a claim of any similar interest, whether the claim is asserted by the claimant or by a fiduciary or by any other authorized person on his behalf, and includes a claim that the transfer would be in breach of fiduciary duties.

(c) "Corporation" means a private or public corporation, association or trust issuing a security.

(d) "Fiduciary" means an executor, administrator, trustee, guardian, committee, conservator, curator, tutor, custodian or nominee.

(e) "Person" includes an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(f) "Security" includes any share of stock, bond, debenture, note or other security issued by a corporation which is registered as to ownership on the books of the corporation.

(g) "Transfer" means a change on the books of a corporation in the registered ownership of a security.

(h) "Transfer agent" means a person employed or authorized by a corporation to transfer securities issued by the corporation.

§31-4D-2. Registration in name of fiduciary.

A corporation or transfer agent registering a security in the name of a person who is a fiduciary or who is described as a fiduciary is not bound to inquire into the existence, extent, or correct description of the fiduciary relationship, and thereafter the corporation and its transfer agent may assume without inquiry that the newly registered owner continues to be the fiduciary until the corporation or transfer agent receives written notice that the fiduciary is no longer acting as such with respect to the particular security.

§31-4D-3. Transfer pursuant to assignment by fiduciary.

Except as otherwise provided in this article, a corporation or transfer agent making a transfer of a security pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary:

(a) May assume without inquiry that the assignment, even though to the fiduciary himself or to his nominee, is within his authority and capacity and is not in breach of his fiduciary duties;

(b) May assume without inquiry that the fiduciary has complied with any controlling instrument and with the law of the jurisdiction governing the fiduciary relationship, including any law requiring the fiduciary to obtain court approval of the transfer; and

(c) Is not charged with notice of and is not bound to obtain or examine any court record or any recorded or unrecorded document relating to the fiduciary relationship or the assignment, even though the record or document is in its possession.

§31-4D-4. Obtaining evidence of appointment or incumbency of fiduciary.

A corporation or transfer agent making a transfer pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary who is not the registered owner shall obtain the following evidence of appointment or incumbency:

(a) In the case of a fiduciary appointed or qualified by a court, a certificate issued by or under the direction or supervision of that court or an officer thereof and dated within sixty days before the transfer; or

(b) In any other case, a copy of a document showing the appointment or a certificate issued by or on behalf of a person reasonably believed by the corporation or transfer agent to be responsible or, in the absence of such a document or certificate, other evidence reasonably deemed by the corporation or transfer agent to be appropriate. Corporations and transfer agents may adopt standards with respect to evidence of appointment or incumbency under this subsection (b) provided such standards are not manifestly unreasonable. Neither the corporation nor transfer agent is charged with notice of the contents of any document obtained pursuant to this subsection (b) except to the extent that the contents relate directly to the appointment or incumbency.

§31-4D-5. Adverse claims.

(a) A person asserting a claim of beneficial interest adverse to the transfer of a security pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary may give the corporation or transfer agent written notice of the claim. The corporation or transfer agent is not put on notice unless the written notice identifies the claimant, the registered owner and the issue of which the security is a part, provides an address for communications directed to the claimant and is received before the transfer. Nothing in this article relieves the corporation or transfer agent of any liability for making or refusing to make the transfer after it is so put on notice, unless it proceeds in the manner authorized in subsection (b).

(b) As soon as practicable after the presentation of a security for transfer pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary, a corporation or transfer agent which has received notice of a claim of beneficial interest adverse to the transfer may send notice of the presentation by registered or certified mail to the claimant at the address given by him If the corporation or transfer agent so mails such a notice it shall withhold the transfer for thirty days after the mailing and shall then make the transfer unless restrained by a court order.

§31-4D-6. Nonliability of corporation or transfer agent.

A corporation or transfer agent incurs no liability to any person by making a transfer or otherwise acting in a manner authorized by this article.

§31-4D-7. Nonliability of third persons.

(a) No person who participates in the acquisition, disposition, assignment or transfer of a security by or to a fiduciary including a person who guarantees the signature of the fiduciary is liable for participation in any breach of fiduciary duty by reason of failure to inquire whether the transaction involves such a breach unless it is shown that he acted with actual knowledge that the proceeds of the transaction were being or were to be used wrongfully for the individual benefit of the fiduciary or that the transaction was otherwise in breach of duty.

(b) If a corporation or transfer agent makes a transfer pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary, a person who guaranteed the signature of the fiduciary is not liable on the guarantee to any person to whom the corporation or transfer agent by reason of this article incurs no liability.

(c) This section does not impose any liability upon the corporation or its transfer agent.

§31-4D-8. Law governing registering or transferring securities; application of article.

(a) The rights and duties of a corporation and its transfer agents in registering a security in the name of a fiduciary or in making a transfer of a security pursuant to an assignment by a fiduciary are governed by the law of the jurisdiction under whose laws the corporation is organized.

(b) This article applies to the rights and duties of a person other than the corporation and its transfer agents with regard to acts and omissions in this state in connection with the acquisition, disposition, assignment or transfer of a security by or to a fiduciary and of a person who guarantees in this state the signature of a fiduciary in connection with such a transaction.

§31-4D-9. Tax obligations.

This article shall not affect any obligation of a corporation or transfer agent with respect to estate, inheritance, succession or other taxes imposed by the laws of this state.

§31-4D-10. Uniformity of interpretation.

This article shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.

§31-4D-11. Short title.

This article may be cited as the Uniform Act for Simplification of Fiduciary Security Transfers.

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