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Chapter 33     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. DEFINITIONS.

ARTICLE 2. INSURANCE COMMISSIONER.

ARTICLE 3. LICENSING, FEES AND TAXATION OF INSURERS.

ARTICLE 3A. STATE OF ENTRY FOR FOREIGN INSURERS.

ARTICLE 4. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

ARTICLE 4A. ALL-PAYER CLAIMS DATABASE.

ARTICLE 5. ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES OF DOMESTIC STOCK AND MUTUAL INSURERS.

ARTICLE 6. THE INSURANCE POLICY.

ARTICLE 6A. CANCELLATION OR NONRENEWAL OF AUTOMOBILE LIABILITY POLICIES.

ARTICLE 6B. DECLINATION OF AUTOMOBILE LIABILITY INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 6C. GUARANTEED LOSS RATIOS AS APPLIED TO INDIVIDUAL SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE POLICIES.

ARTICLE 6D. MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT REFERRALS.

ARTICLE 6F. DISCLOSURE OF NONPUBLIC PERSONAL INFORMATION.

ARTICLE 7. ASSETS AND LIABILITIES.

ARTICLE 8. INVESTMENTS.

ARTICLE 8A. USE OF CLEARING CORPORATIONS AND FEDERAL RESERVE BOOK-ENTRY SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 9. ADMINISTRATION OF DEPOSITS.

ARTICLE 10. REHABILITATION AND LIQUIDATION.

ARTICLE 11. UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES.

ARTICLE 11A. INSURANCE SALES CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT.

ARTICLE 12. INSURANCE PRODUCERS AND SOLICITORS.

ARTICLE 12A. CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INSURANCE COMPANIES AND AGENTS.

ARTICLE 12B. ADJUSTERS.

ARTICLE 12C. SURPLUS LINE.

ARTICLE 13. LIFE INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 13A. VARIABLE CONTRACTS.

ARTICLE 13B. CHARITABLE GIFT ANNUITIES.

ARTICLE 13C. VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS ACT.

ARTICLE 13D. UNCLAIMED LIFE INSURANCE BENEFITS ACT.

ARTICLE 14. GROUP LIFE INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 15. ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 15A. WEST VIRGINIA LONG-TERM CARE INSURANCE ACT.

ARTICLE 15B. UNIFORM HEALTH CARE ADMINISTRATION ACT.

ARTICLE 15C. DIABETES INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 15D. INDIVIDUAL LIMITED HEALTH BENEFITS PLANS.

ARTICLE 15E. DISCOUNT MEDICAL PLAN ORGANIZATIONS AND DISCOUNT PRESCRIPTION DRUG PLAN ORGANIZATIONS ACT.

ARTICLE 16. GROUP ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 16A. GROUP HEALTH INSURANCE CONVERSION.

ARTICLE 16B. ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS RATES.

ARTICLE 16C. EMPLOYER GROUP ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE POLICIES.

ARTICLE 16D. MARKETING AND RATE PRACTICES FOR SMALL EMPLOYER ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE POLICIES.

ARTICLE 16E. CONTRACEPTIVE COVERAGE.

ARTICLE 16F. GROUP LIMITED HEALTH BENEFITS PLANS.

ARTICLE 16G. WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH BENEFIT EXCHANGE ACT.

ARTICLE 17. FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 17A. PROPERTY INSURANCE DECLINATION, TERMINATION AND DISCLOSURE.

ARTICLE 18. CASUALTY INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 19. SURETY INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 20. RATES AND RATING ORGANIZATIONS.

ARTICLE 20A. WEST VIRGINIA ESSENTIAL INSURANCE COVERAGE ACT.

ARTICLE 20B. RATES AND MALPRACTICE INSURANCE POLICIES.

ARTICLE 20C. CANCELLATION OR NONRENEWAL OF MALPRACTICE INSURANCE POLICIES.

ARTICLE 20D. TAIL INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 20E. WEST VIRGINIA MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY INSURANCE JOINT UNDERWRITING ASSOCIATION ACT.

ARTICLE 20F. PHYSICIANS\' MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY.

ARTICLE 21. RECIPROCAL INSURERS.

ARTICLE 22. FARMERS\' MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.

ARTICLE 23. FRATERNAL BENEFIT SOCIETIES.

ARTICLE 24. HOSPITAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS, MEDICAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS, DENTAL SERVICE CORPORATIONS AND HEALTH SERVICE CORPORATIONS.

ARTICLE 25. HEALTH CARE CORPORATIONS.

ARTICLE 25A. HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION ACT.

ARTICLE 25B. FEDERAL INSURANCE SUBSIDY FOR CHILDREN\'S HEALTH.

ARTICLE 25C. HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION PATIENT BILL OF RIGHTS.

ARTICLE 25D. PREPAID LIMITED HEALTH SERVICE ORGANIZATION ACT.

ARTICLE 25E. PATIENTS\' EYE CARE ACT.

ARTICLE 25F. COVERAGE FOR PATIENT COST OF CLINICAL TRIALS.

ARTICLE 25G. PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS.

ARTICLE 26. WEST VIRGINIA GUARANTY ASSOCIATION ACT.

ARTICLE 26A. WEST VIRGINIA LIFE AND HEALTH INSURANCE GUARANTY ASSOCIATION ACT.

ARTICLE 26B. WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION GUARANTY ASSOCIATION.

ARTICLE 27. INSURANCE HOLDING COMPANY SYSTEMS.

ARTICLE 28. INDIVIDUAL ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE MINIMUM STANDARDS.

ARTICLE 29. LIFE AND ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE POLICY LANGUAGE SIMPLIFICATION ACT.

ARTICLE 30. MINE SUBSIDENCE INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 31. CAPTIVE INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 31A. SPONSORED CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY FORMATION.

ARTICLE 32. RISK RETENTION ACT.

ARTICLE 33. ANNUAL AUDITED FINANCIAL REPORT.

ARTICLE 34. ADMINISTRATIVE SUPERVISION.

ARTICLE 34A. STANDARDS AND COMMISSIONER\'S AUTHORITY FOR COMPANIES DEEMED TO BE IN HAZARDOUS FINANCIAL CONDITION.

ARTICLE 35. CRIMINAL SANCTIONS FOR FAILURE TO REPORT IMPAIRMENT.

ARTICLE 36. BUSINESS TRANSACTED WITH PRODUCER-CONTROLLED PROPERTY/CASUALTY INSURER ACT.

ARTICLE 37. MANAGING GENERAL AGENTS.

ARTICLE 38. REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY ACT.

ARTICLE 39. DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL TRANSACTIONS.

ARTICLE 40. RISK-BASED CAPITAL (RBC) FOR INSURERS.

ARTICLE 40A. RISKED-BASED CAPITAL FOR HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS.

ARTICLE 40B. RISK MANAGEMENT AND OWN RISK AND SOLVENCY ASSESSMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 41. PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITY.

ARTICLE 42. WOMEN\'S ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACT.

ARTICLE 43. INSURANCE TAX PROCEDURES ACT.

ARTICLE 44. UNAUTHORIZED INSURERS ACT.

ARTICLE 45. ETHICS AND FAIRNESS IN INSURER BUSINESS PRACTICES.

ARTICLE 46. THIRD-PARTY ADMINISTRATOR ACT.

ARTICLE 46A. PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER ORGANIZATIONS.

ARTICLE 47. INTERSTATE INSURANCE PRODUCT REGULATION COMPACT.

ARTICLE 48. MODEL HEALTH PLAN FOR UNINSURABLE INDIVIDUALS ACT.

ARTICLE 49. FLOOD INSURANCE.

ARTICLE 50. PATIENT PROTECTION AND TRANSPARENCY ACT.

ARTICLE 51. PHARMACY AUDIT INTEGRITY ACT.

ARTICLE 52. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ANNUAL DISCLOSURE ACT.

ARTICLE 16H. REVIEW OF ADVERSE DETERMINATIONS.

§33-16H-1. Definitions.

As used in this article:

(1) "Adverse determination" means a determination by a health carrier or its designee utilization review organization that an admission, availability of care, continued stay or other healthcare service that is a covered benefit has been reviewed and, based upon the information provided, does not meet the health carrier's requirements for medical necessity, appropriateness, health care setting, level of care or effectiveness, and the requested service or payment for the service is therefore denied, reduced or terminated.

(2) "External review" means a review of a final adverse determination by an independent review organization.

(3) "Final adverse determination" means an adverse determination that has been upheld by the issuer at the completion of the internal grievance procedures or an adverse determination with respect to which the internal grievance procedures have been deemed exhausted.

(4) "Health benefit plan" means a policy, contract, certificate or agreement entered into, offered or issued by an issuer to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services, including short-term and catastrophic health insurance policies and policies that pay on a cost-incurred basis, but excludes the excepted benefits defined in 42 U. S. C. §300gg-91 and policies, contracts, certificates or agreements excluded by rules promulgated pursuant to section four of this article.

(5) "Health plan issuer" or "issuer" means an entity required to be licensed under this chapter that contracts, or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services under a health benefit plan, including an accident and sickness insurance company, a health maintenance corporation, a health care corporation, a health or hospital service corporation, and a fraternal benefit society.

(6) "Independent review organization" means an entity approved by the commissioner to conduct external reviews of final adverse determinations.

(7) "Utilization review" means a system for the evaluation of the necessity, appropriateness and efficiency of the use of health care services, procedure and facilities.

§33-16H-2. Issuer requirements.

An issuer shall, in accordance with rules promulgated pursuant to section four of this article, develop processes for utilization review and internal grievance procedures and shall make external review available with respect to all adverse determinations.

§33-16H-3. Judicial review; enforcement.

(a) An individual or issuer may seek judicial review of a final decision rendered by an independent review organization by filing a petition in the circuit court within sixty days after receipt of notice of such decision.

(1) Venue for a petition filed pursuant to this section is the county in which the individual resides or, if the individual is a non-resident, the county in which he or she works or, if he or she does not work in this state, the county in which his or her employer is located, or if none of these counties are applicable, in Kanawha County.

(2) The issuer shall provide benefits pursuant to the final external review decision, including by making payment on a disputed claim, unless or until there is a judicial decision otherwise.

(3) If the issuer files a petition pursuant to this section and the individual substantially prevails, the issuer shall be responsible for the reasonable attorney's fees of the individual.

(b) A decision issued by an independent review organization pursuant to this article may be enforced in the same manner as an order of the commissioner.

(c) This article does not create any new cause of action or eliminate any presently existing cause of action.

§33-16H-4. Rule-making authority; applicability.

(a) The commissioner shall propose legislative rules for approval by the Legislature in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this article, including, but not limited to, rules to:

(1) Define the scope of the applicability of this article;

(2) Establish requirements for all issuers with regard to utilization review and for internal grievance procedures and external review of adverse determinations, which rules shall be based on the corresponding model acts adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners and, with respect to external review, shall meet or exceed the minimum consumer protections established by the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148), as amended by the federal Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-152); and

(3) Provide for judicial review pursuant to subsection (a), section three of this article, which rules shall be based on the provisions of this code and rules governing judicial review of contested cases under the State Administrative Procedures Act.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section one, article twenty-three of this chapter; section four, article twenty-four of this chapter; section six, article twenty-five of this chapter; and section twenty-four, article twenty-five-a of this chapter, this article and the rules promulgated under this article are applicable to all health benefits plans and supersede any provisions to the contrary in this chapter or in any rules promulgated under this chapter.

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