West Virginia Code
CHAPTER 34. ESTRAYS, DRIFT AND DERELICT PROPERTY.
ARTICLE 1. ESTRAYS AND DRIFT PROPERTY.
Any person may take up an estray found on his land, or a boat or vessel adrift. He shall immediately post notices at three public places in the district wherein the property is so found, giving a description of the property and stating when the same was so taken up; and if the owner of such property shall not appear and claim the same within two weeks from the posting of such notice, then the person so taking such property up shall cause a like notice to be published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county where the property was taken up. In either case the owner may have possession of such property upon paying the costs of such posting and publishing of such notice and of keeping the property; and if the owner shall not appear and claim such property within three weeks from the date of the first publication of such notice in a newspaper, the person taking the same up shall immediately inform a justice of the district thereof, who shall issue his warrant to three freeholders, requiring them under oath to view and appraise such estray, or boat or vessel, and certify the result, with a description of the kind, marks, brand, stature, color and age of the animal, or kind, burden and build of the boat or vessel.
Such freeholders shall return their certificate, with the warrant, to the clerk of the county court of the county, who shall record the same in a book kept for that purpose, and post a copy thereof at the door of the courthouse of the county within one week after his receipt of such certificate.
If the owner of such property shall not have appeared within thirty days after such copy has been so posted, and the valuation thereof be under $15, or if such valuation be as much as $15, and the owner shall not have appeared after such certificate has been published as aforesaid, and also three times in some newspaper such as is mentioned in section one of this article, it shall belong in either case to the owner of the land on which it was so taken, if an estray, or to the person taking it up, in the case of a boat or vessel.
The former owner may, at any time after, recover the valuation money, except the amount of the clerk's and printer's fees, and the fees of the justice and freeholders for the service mentioned in section one of this article and in this section, and such compensation for keeping the property down to the time when it became the property of the person so taking it up, as shall be certified under oath by any two freeholders in the county where the property was valued.
If such estray die, or any such property be lost to such owner of the land or person taking it up, without his fault, he shall not be liable for the same or its valuation.
When any property, not mentioned in section one of this article, is drifted on any waters of this state, and taken up by any person, or deposited and left on the lands of any person, other than the owner of such property, the person taking it up, or the owner of such land, shall, as against all persons other than the owner of such property, be deemed and treated, and have the same rights and remedies relating thereto, as such owner thereof.
The owner of such property, after he shall have paid to the person taking it up, or to the owner of such land, a just compensation for any proper care, labor, or expense bestowed, done, or incurred by him about such property, but not before, may enter upon such land for the purpose, and, doing as little injury as possible thereto, may remove such property, but shall pay to the owner of such land any damages to him occasioned by such entry and removal.
If the owner of such property as is mentioned in section six of this article shall not, within three months from the time the same was so taken up or deposited, remove or demand from the person taking it up, or the owner of such land, such property, the person taking it up or the owner of such land may sell such property, or otherwise convert the same to his own use; but deducting a just compensation for any proper care, labor or expense bestowed, done, or incurred by the person taking it up or the owner of such land about such property, from the amount received by him as the price thereof, or the actual value thereof, at the time of such sale or other conversion, he shall pay to the owner, if he shall elect to receive it, the residue of the amount received as such price, or otherwise the residue of such actual value. The owner of such property, after he shall have demanded such residue, and proved by the affidavit of some other person, or otherwise by a competent witness, his right thereto, or offered to prove such right, and the owner of such land shall have refused or declined to inspect or hear the evidence thereof, but not before, may recover such residue of such amount received as such price as money received for his use, or the residue of such actual value as the price of goods sold by the owner of such property to the owner of such land, or as the value of goods of the owner of such property found by the owner of such land, and converted by him to his own use.
If any person shall falsely or fraudulently procure a warrant to be issued by a justice, under section one of this chapter, for the appraisement of anything as an estray or drift property which is not such; or shall secrete any such estray or property, or alter or change the appearance thereof, or the marks thereon, with intent to hinder or delay the owner thereof in reclaiming the same, or to render the identification of such estray or property difficult, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, be fined not less than ten, nor more than $500; and shall, moreover, be liable to the owner for double the value of such estray or property.
In any action, suit, prosecution or controversy about any property mentioned in this article, the person claiming to be the owner thereof must prove his ownership thereof, in order to sustain his claim to be such owner, as against the person taking up such property, or on whose land it was deposited.
Every person who shall take up and secure any saw logs, or other logs or ties, prepared for the purpose of sale, or any cross or railroad ties, boards, planks, staves, heading or other timber prepared for market, of another, found adrift in the Ohio, Great Kanawha, Little Kanawha or Big Sandy rivers, in which there is no boom in use for the preservation thereof below the point where they are so found, whether the same have thereon any such trademark or not, shall be entitled to receive from the owner thereof a compensation for so much thereof as he shall deliver to such owner, as follows: (a) For each saw log or other log or tree prepared for sale which is not more than thirty inches in diameter, 25¢; and for all others, 50¢ each, except that the price for catching and securing oak logs that are not less than eighteen inches in diameter at the top, and are fifty feet or more in length, may be an amount not to exceed the sum of 75¢ each. If the same be caught in rafts or parts of rafts, 10¢ per log; (b) for each cross or railroad tie, 6¢. If the same be caught in rafts or parts of rafts containing two hundred ties or less, 2¢ per tie; and if caught in lots of over two hundred, 1¢ per tie; (c) for boards or plank, if caught in rafts or large bodies, 50¢ per thousand feet board measure, for twenty thousand feet or less quantity; and for over twenty thousand feet, 25¢ per thousand feet board measure. But if the same be not in rafts but loose and scattered, $2.50¢ per thousand feet board measure; (d) for staves and heading, $3 per thousand for all such as are marketable. Such sums shall be paid by the owner thereof, if required, before the delivery of the same to him If the owner of any such log, trees, ties, boards, plank, staves or hearing fail to pay the sum so chargeable thereon within forty days from the date they are taken up, they may be sold at the instance of the person to whom such charges are due by a constable or the sheriff of the county at public auction to the highest bidder, upon thirty days' notice posted at the front door of the courthouse of the county in which the sale is to be made, and at the place of the sale thereof. The officer making such sale shall, from the proceeds thereof, pay, to the person who took up such logs, trees, ties, boards, plank, staves or heading, the sum to which he is entitled therefor as aforesaid and retain the balance, after deducting his commissions, which shall be the same as upon sales under executions, for the use of the owners. But if no person shall appear and establish his rights to such proceeds within one year after such sale, he shall place the same to the credit of the distributable school fund of his county and report the amount thereof to the county superintendent of schools therein.