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Chapter 47     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

ARTICLE 1A. REGULATION AND CONTROL OF BEDDING AND UPHOLSTERY BUSINESSES.

ARTICLE 2. TRADEMARKS IN GENERAL.

ARTICLE 2A. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION.

ARTICLE 3. TRADEMARKS OF DEALERS IN LIQUIDS.

ARTICLE 4. BRANDS OF TIMBER DEALERS.

ARTICLE 5. SAFETY GLAZING MATERIALS.

ARTICLE 6. MONEY AND INTEREST.

ARTICLE 7. LICENSED LOANS OF SMALL AMOUNTS.

ARTICLE 7A. SMALL LOANS.

ARTICLE 8. TRADE NAMES.

ARTICLE 8A. UNIFORM PARTNERSHIP ACT.

ARTICLE 9. UNIFORM LIMITED PARTNERSHIP ACT.

ARTICLE 9A. VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS AND BUSINESS TRUSTS.

ARTICLE 10. LIQUID FUELS AND LUBRICATING OILS.

ARTICLE 11. FAIR TRADE ACT.

ARTICLE 11A. UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES.

ARTICLE 11B. CLOSING-OUT SALES, FIRE SALES AND DEFUNCT BUSINESS SALES.

ARTICLE 11C. WEST VIRGINIA PETROLEUM PRODUCTS FRANCHISE ACT.

ARTICLE 11D. THE MOTION PICTURE FAIR COMPETITION ACT.

ARTICLE 11E. PHYSICIANS FREEDOM OF PRACTICE ACT.

ARTICLE 11F. FARM EQUIPMENT DEALER CONTRACT ACT.

ARTICLE 12. REAL ESTATE COMMISSION, BROKERS AND SALESPERSONS.

ARTICLE 13. CIGARETTE SALES ACT.

ARTICLE 14. PRENEED FUNERAL CONTRACTS.

ARTICLE 15. PYRAMID PROMOTIONAL SCHEME.

ARTICLE 16. COLLECTION AGENCIES.

ARTICLE 17. REGULATION OF MOTOR FUEL CONTRACTS.

ARTICLE 18. ANTITRUST ACT; RESTRAINT OF TRADE.

ARTICLE 19. DRUG PARAPHERNALIA.

ARTICLE 20. CHARITABLE BINGO.

ARTICLE 21. CHARITABLE RAFFLES.

ARTICLE 22. UNIFORM TRADE SECRETS ACT.

ARTICLE 23. CHARITABLE RAFFLE BOARDS AND GAMES.

ARTICLE 24. THE REVERSE MORTGAGE ENABLING ACT.

ARTICLE 25. REDUCED CIGARETTE IGNITION PROPENSITY.

ARTICLE 26. PAWNBROKERS.

ARTICLE 27. COURT REPORTER SERVICES.

ARTICLE 28. PREVENTION OF DECEPTIVE LAWSUIT ADVERTISING AND SOLICITATION PRACTICES REGARDING THE USE OF MEDICATIONS.

§47-28-1. Short title.

This article may be known and cited as the Prevention of Deceptive Lawsuit Advertising and Solicitation Practices Regarding the Use of Medications Act.

§47-28-2. Definitions.

As used in this article:

(1) “Legal advertisement” means a solicitation for legal services regarding the use of medications through television, radio, newspaper or other periodical, outdoor display, or other written, electronic, or recorded communications wherein the advertisement solicits clients or potential clients for legal services.

(2) “Person” means an individual or entity, including, but not limited to: (i) Attorneys; (ii) law firms; or (iii) third parties who solicit potential clients on behalf of attorneys or law firms, which pays for or authorizes a legal advertisement that solicits potential clients for attorneys or law firms under this article.

(3) “Protected health information” has the meaning given such term in 45 C.F.R. 160.103 (2013).

(4) “Solicit” means an offer to provide legal services regarding the use of medications by written, recorded, or electronic communication or by in-person, telephone, or real-time electronic contact.

§47-28-3. Deceptive legal advertising practices.

(a) Specifically prohibited legal advertising practices. — A person engages in an unfair or deceptive act or practice if, in a legal advertisement, the person does any of the following:

(1) Fails to contain the statement: “This is a paid advertisement for legal services.”;

(2) Presents a legal advertisement as a “consumer medical alert”, “health alert”, “consumer alert”, “public service health announcement”, or substantially similar phrase suggesting to a reasonable recipient that the advertisement is offering professional, medical, or government agency advice about pharmaceuticals or medical devices rather than legal services;

(3) Displays the logo of a federal or state government agency in a manner that suggests affiliation with the sponsorship of that agency;

(4) Uses the word “recall” when referring to a product that has not been recalled by a government agency or through an agreement between a manufacturer and government agency;

(5) Fails to identify the sponsor of the legal advertisement; or

(6) Fails to indicate the identity of the attorney or law firm that will represent clients, or how potential clients or cases will be referred to attorneys or law firms that will represent clients if the sponsor of the legal advertisement may not represent persons responding to the advertisement.

(b) Disclosures and warnings for protection of patients. —

(1) A legal advertisement soliciting clients for legal services in connection with a prescription drug or medical device approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration shall include the following warning: “Do not stop taking a prescribed medication without first consulting with your doctor. Discontinuing a prescribed medication without your doctor’s advice can result in injury or death.”.

(2) A legal advertisement soliciting clients for legal services in connection with a prescription drug or medical device approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration shall disclose that the subject of the legal advertisement remains approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, unless the product has been recalled or withdrawn.

(c) Appearance of required statements, disclosures, and warnings. — Any words or statements required by this section to appear in an advertisement must be presented clearly and conspicuously.

(1) Written disclosures shall be clearly legible and, if televised or displayed electronically, shall be displayed for a sufficient time to enable the viewer to easily see and fully read the disclosure or disclaimer.

(2) Spoken disclosures shall be plainly audible and clearly intelligible.

(d) A person who willfully and knowingly violates this section engages in an unfair and deceptive act or practice in violation of §46A-6-101 et seq. of this code.

§47-28-4. Wrongful use or disclosure of protected health information for solicitation of legal services regarding the use of medications.

(a) Use or disclosure of protected health information for legal solicitation. — A person shall not use, cause to be used, obtain, sell, transfer, or disclose to another person without written authorization protected health information for the purpose of soliciting an individual for legal services regarding the use of medications.

(b) Enforcement. —

(1) A violation of this section is a violation of West Virginia’s health privacy laws or §46A-6-101 et seq. of this code.

(2) In addition to any other remedy provided by law, a person who willfully and knowingly violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or confined in jail not more than one year, or both fined and confined.

(c) Construction. — This section does not apply to the use or disclosure of protected health information to an individual’s legal representative, in the course of any judicial or administrative proceeding, or as otherwise permitted or required by law.

(d) Nothing in this section creates or implies liability on behalf of a broadcaster who holds a license for over-the-air terrestrial broadcasting from the federal communications commission, or against a cable operator as defined in 47 U.S.C. §522(5).

§47-28-5. Authority of judiciary or State Bar to regulate practice of law.

This article does not limit or otherwise affect the authority of the judiciary or the Lawyer Disciplinary Board to regulate the practice of law, enforce the West Virginia Rules of Professional Conduct, or discipline persons admitted to the bar.

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