(a) The director and any duly designated employee or agent shall have the right to enter upon and into the premises of any nursing home at any time for which a license has been issued, for which an application for license has been filed with the director, or which the director has reason to believe is being operated or maintained as a nursing home without a license. If entry is refused by the owner or person in charge of the nursing home, the director may apply to the circuit court of the county in which the nursing home is located or the circuit court of Kanawha County for a warrant authorizing inspection to conduct the following inspections:
(1) An initial inspection prior to the issuance of a license pursuant to section six of this article;
(2) A license inspection for a nursing home, which shall be conducted at least once every fifteen months, if the nursing home has not applied for and received an exemption from the requirement as provided for in this section;
(3) The director, by the director's authorized employees or agents, shall conduct at least one inspection prior to issuance of a license pursuant to section six of this article, and shall conduct periodic unannounced inspections thereafter, to determine compliance by the nursing home with applicable rules promulgated thereunder. All facilities shall comply with regulations of the state Fire Commission. The State Fire Marshal, by his employees or authorized agents, shall make all fire, safety and like inspections. The director may provide for such other inspections as the director may deem necessary to carry out the intent and purpose of this article. If after investigating a complaint, the director determines that the complaint is substantiated and that an immediate and serious threat to a consumer's health or safety exists, the director may invoke any remedies available pursuant to section eleven of this article. Any nursing home aggrieved by a determination or assessment made pursuant to this section, shall have the right to an administrative appeal as set forth in section twelve of this article;
(4) A complaint inspection based on a complaint received by the director. If, after investigation of a complaint, the director determines that the complaint is substantiated, the director may invoke any applicable remedies available pursuant to section eleven of this article.