West Virginia Code
1 - STATE PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
1A - UNIFORM CREDENTIALING FOR HEAL
1B - SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES FOR
1C - HEALTH CARE PROVIDER TRANSPARE
2 - LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH
2A - ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF ORGANIZI
2B - FAMILY PLANNING AND CHILD SPAC
2C - HOME HEALTH SERVICES
2D - CERTIFICATE OF NEED
2E - BIRTHING CENTERS
2F - PARENTAL NOTIFICATION OF ABORT
2G - SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD PRO
2H - PRIMARY CARE SUPPORT PROGRAM
2I - WOMEN'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT
16 - 2 I- 1
16 - 2 I- 2
16 - 2 I- 3
16 - 2 I- 4
16 - 2 I- 5
16 - 2 I- 6
16 - 2 I- 7
16 - 2 I- 8
16 - 2 I- 9
16 - 2 I- 10
2J - PREVENTIVE CARE PILOT PROGRAM
2K - PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE
2L - PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS
2M - THE PAIN-CAPABLE UNBORN CHILD
2N - NEONATAL ABSTINENCE CENTERS
2O - UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION FROM D
3 - PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF COMMU
3A - REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION ON M
3B - PERTUSSIS
3C - AIDS-RELATED MEDICAL TESTING A
3D - TUBERCULOSIS TESTING, CONTROL,
4 - SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
4A - PRENATAL EXAMINATION
4B - AUTOPSIES ON BODIES OF DECEASE
4C - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES ACT
4D - AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLAT
4E - UNIFORM MATERNAL SCREENING ACT
4F - EXPEDITED PARTNER THERAPY
5 - VITAL STATISTICS
5A - CANCER CONTROL
5B - HOSPITALS AND SIMILAR INSTITUT
5C - NURSING HOMES
5D - ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCES
5E - REGISTRATION AND INSPECTION OF
5F - HEALTH CARE FINANCIAL DISCLOSU
5G - OPEN HOSPITAL PROCEEDINGS
5H - CHRONIC PAIN CLINIC LICENSING
5I - HOSPICE LICENSURE ACT
5J - CLINICAL LABORATORIES QUALITY
5K - EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES FO
5L - LONG-TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGR
5M - OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION EDUCAT
5N - RESIDENTIAL CARE COMMUNITIES
5O - MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION BY U
5P - SENIOR SERVICES
5Q - THE JAMES "TIGER" MO
5R - THE ALZHEIMER'S SPECIAL CARE S
5S - OLDER WEST VIRGINIANS ACT
5T - OFFICE OF DRUG CONTROL POLICY
5U - ARTHRITIS PREVENTION EDUCATION
5V - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES RET
5W - WEST VIRGINIA OFFICIAL PRESCRI
5X - CAREGIVER ADVISE, RECORD AND E
5Y - MEDICATION-ASSISTED TREATMENT
5Z - COALITION FOR DIABETES MANAGEM
6 - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
7 - PURE FOOD AND DRUGS
8 - ELECTROLOGISTS
8A - NARCOTIC DRUGS
8B - DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT
9 - OFFENSES GENERALLY
9A - TOBACCO USAGE RESTRICTIONS
9B - IMPLEMENTING TOBACCO MASTER SE
9C - STATE TOBACCO GROWERS' SETTLEM
9D - ENFORCEMENT OF STATUTES IMPLEM
9E - DELIVERY SALES OF TOBACCO
9F - COUNTERFEIT CIGARETTES
10 - UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEAT
11 - SEXUAL STERILIZATION
12 - SANITARY DISTRICTS FOR SEWAGE
13 - SEWAGE WORKS AND STORMWATER W
13A - PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICTS
13B - COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT ACT
13C - DRINKING WATER TREATMENT REV
13D - REGIONAL WATER AND WASTEWATE
13E - COMMUNITY ENHANCEMENT ACT
14 - BARBERS AND COSMETOLOGISTS
15 - STATE HOUSING LAW
16 - HOUSING COOPERATION LAW
17 - NATIONAL DEFENSE HOUSING
18 - SLUM CLEARANCE
19 - ANATOMICAL GIFT ACT
20 - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
21 - BLOOD DONATIONS
22 - DETECTION AND CONTROL OF PHEN
22A - TESTING OF NEWBORN INFANTS F
22B - BIRTH SCORE PROGRAM
23 - TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD; TRANSPL
24 - STATE HEMOPHILIA PROGRAM
25 - DETECTION OF TUBERCULOSIS, HI
26 - WEST VIRGINIA SOLID WASTE MAN
27 - STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF RADIO
27A - BAN ON CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLE
28 - ASSISTANCE TO KOREAN AND VIET
29 - HEALTH CARE RECORDS
29A - WEST VIRGINIA HOSPITAL FINAN
29B - HEALTH CARE AUTHORITY
29C - INDIGENT CARE
29D - STATE HEALTH CARE
29E - LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT COMMIS
29F - UNINSURED AND UNDERINSURED P
29G - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH INFORMA
29H - INTERAGENCY HEALTH COUNCIL
29I - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE AU
30 - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE DEC
30A - MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY
30B - HEALTH CARE SURROGATE ACT
30C - DO NOT RESUSCITATE ACT
31 - COMMUNITY RIGHT TO KNOW
32 - ASBESTOS ABATEMENT
33 - BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER PR
34 - LICENSURE OF RADON MITIGATORS
35 - LEAD ABATEMENT
36 - NEEDLESTICK INJURY PREVENTION
37 - BODY PIERCING STUDIO BUSINESS
38 - TATTOO STUDIO BUSINESS
39 - PATIENT SAFETY ACT
40 - STATEWIDE BIRTH DEFECTS INFOR
41 - ORAL HEALTH IMPROVEMENT ACT
42 - COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIORAL HEAL
43 - ENGINE COOLANT AND ANTIFREEZE
44 - THE PULSE OXIMETRY NEWBORN TE
45 - TANNING FACILITIES
46 - ACCESS TO OPIOID ANTAGONISTS
47 - ALCOHOL AND DRUG OVERDOSE PRE
48 - WEST VIRGINIA ABLE ACT
49 - WEST VIRGINIA CLEARANCE FOR A
50 - EPINEPHRINE AUTO-INJECTOR AVA
51 - RIGHT TO TRY ACT
52 - COALITION FOR RESPONSIBLE PAI
53 - ESTABLISHING ADDITIONAL SUBST
CHAPTER 16. PUBLIC HEALTH.
ARTICLE 2I. WOMEN'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT.
For the purposes of this article, the words or phrases defined in this section have these meanings ascribed to them.
(a) "Abortion" means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug or any other substance or device intentionally to terminate the pregnancy of a female known to be pregnant with an intention other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth or to remove a dead embryo or fetus.
(b) "Attempt to perform an abortion" means an act, or an omission of a statutorily required act, that, under the circumstances as the actor believes them to be, constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in the performance of an abortion in West Virginia in violation of this article.
(c) "Medical emergency" means any condition which, on the basis of a physician's good-faith clinical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant female as to necessitate the immediate termination of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
(d) "Physician" means any medical or osteopathic doctor licensed to practice medicine in this state.
(e) "Probable gestational age of the embryo or fetus" means what, in the judgment of the physician, will with reasonable probability be the gestational age of the embryo or fetus at the time the abortion is planned to be performed.
(f) "Stable Internet website" means a website that, to the extent reasonably practicable, is safeguarded from having its content altered other than by the Department of Health and Human Resources.
No abortion may be performed in this state except with the voluntary and informed consent of the female upon whom the abortion is to be performed. Except in the case of a medical emergency, consent to an abortion is voluntary and informed if, and only if:
(a) The female is told the following, by telephone or in person, by the physician or the licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician who is to perform the abortion at least twenty-four hours before the abortion:
(1) The particular medical risks associated with the particular abortion procedure to be employed, including, when medically accurate, the risks of infection, hemorrhage, danger to subsequent pregnancies and infertility;
(2) The probable gestational age of the embryo or fetus at the time the abortion is to be performed; and
(3) The medical risks associated with carrying her child to term.
The information required by this subsection may be provided by telephone without conducting a physical examination or tests of the patient, in which case the information required to be provided may be based on facts supplied by the female to the physician or other licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician and whatever other relevant information is reasonably available to the physician or other licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician. It may not be provided by a tape recording, but must be provided during a consultation in which the physician or licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician is able to ask questions of the female and the female is able to ask questions of the physician or the licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician.
If a physical examination, tests or the availability of other information to the physician or other licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician subsequently indicate, in the medical judgment of the physician or the licensed health care professional to whom the responsibility has been delegated by the physician, a revision of the information previously supplied to the patient, that revised information may be communicated to the patient at any time before the performance of the abortion procedure.
Nothing in this section may be construed to preclude provision of required information in a language understood by the patient through a translator.
(b) The female is informed, by telephone or in person, by the physician who is to perform the abortion, or by an agent of the physician, at least twenty-four hours before the abortion procedure:
(1) That medical assistance benefits may be available for prenatal care, childbirth and neonatal care through governmental or private entities;
(2) That the father, if his identity can be determined, is liable to assist in the support of her child based upon his ability to pay even in instances in which the father has offered to pay for the abortion;
(3) That she has the right to review the printed materials described in section three of this article, that these materials are available on a state-sponsored website and the website address; and
(4) That the female will be presented with a form which she will be required to execute prior to the abortion procedure that is available pursuant to section three of this article, and that the form to be presented will inform her of the opportunity to view the ultrasound image and her right to view or decline to view the ultrasound image, if an ultrasound is performed.
The physician or an agent of the physician shall orally inform the female that the materials have been provided by the State of West Virginia and that they describe the embryo or fetus and list agencies and entities which offer alternatives to abortion.
If the female chooses to view the materials other than on the website, then they shall either be provided to her at least twenty-four hours before the abortion or mailed to her at least seventy-two hours before the abortion by first class mail in an unmarked envelope.
The information required by this subsection may be provided by a tape recording if provision is made to record or otherwise register specifically whether the female does or does not choose to have the printed materials given or mailed to her.
(c) The form required pursuant to subdivision (4), subsection (b) of this section shall include the following information: (1) It is a female's decision whether or not to undergo any ultrasound imaging procedure in consultation with her health care provider; (2) if an ultrasound is performed in conjunction with the performance of an abortion procedure, the female has the right to view or to decline to view the image; and (3) that the woman has been previously informed of her opportunity to view the ultrasound image and her right to view or decline to view the ultrasound image. The woman shall certify her choice on this form prior to the abortion procedure being performed.
The female shall certify in writing, before the abortion, that the information described in subsections (a) and (b) of this section has been provided to her and that she has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in subdivision (3), subsection (b) of this section.
Before performing the abortion procedure, the physician who is to perform the abortion or the physician's agent shall obtain a copy of the executed certification required by the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section.
(a) Within ninety days of the effective date of this article, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall cause to be published, in English and in each language which is the primary language of two percent or more of the state's population, as determined by the most recent decennial census performed by the U.S. census bureau, and shall cause to be available on the website provided for in section four of this article the following printed materials in such a way as to ensure that the information is easily comprehensible:
(1) Geographically indexed materials designed to inform the reader of public and private agencies and services available to assist a female through pregnancy, upon childbirth and while the child is dependent, including adoption agencies, which shall include a comprehensive list of the agencies available, a description of the services they offer and a description of the manner, including telephone numbers. At the option of the secretary of health and human resources, a twenty-four-hour-a-day telephone number may be established with the number being published in such a way as to maximize public awareness of its existence which may be called to obtain a list and description of agencies in the locality of the caller and of the services they offer; and
(2) Materials designed to inform the female of the probable anatomical and physiological characteristics of the embryo or fetus at two-week gestational increments from the time when a female can be known to be pregnant to full term, including any relevant information on the possibility of the embryo or fetus's survival and pictures or drawings representing the development of an embryo or fetus at two-week gestational increments: Provided, That any such pictures or drawings must contain the dimensions of the embryo or fetus and must be realistic and appropriate for the stage of pregnancy depicted. The materials shall be objective, nonjudgmental and designed to convey only accurate scientific information about the embryo or fetus at the various gestational ages. The material shall also contain objective information describing the methods of abortion procedures commonly employed, the medical risks commonly associated with each procedure, the possible detrimental psychological effects of abortion and the medical risks commonly associated with carrying a child to term.
(b) The materials referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall be printed in a typeface large enough to be clearly legible. The website provided for in section four of this article shall be maintained at a minimum resolution of seventy dots per inch. All pictures appearing on the website shall be a minimum of 200 x 300 pixels. All letters on the website shall be a minimum of eleven-point font. All information and pictures shall be accessible with an industry standard browser requiring no additional plug-ins.
(c) The materials required under this section shall be available at no cost from the Department of Health and Human Resources upon request and in appropriate numbers to any person, facility or hospital.
Within ninety days of the effective date of this article, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall develop and maintain a stable Internet website to provide the information required to be provided pursuant to the provisions of section three of this article. No information regarding persons visiting the website may be collected or maintained. The secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall monitor the website on a daily basis to prevent and correct tampering.
When a medical emergency compels the performance of an abortion, the physician shall inform the female, prior to the abortion if possible, of the medical indications supporting the physician's judgment that an abortion is necessary to avert her death or that a twenty-four-hour delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
In every civil or criminal proceeding or action brought under this article, the court shall rule whether the anonymity of any female upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted shall be preserved from public disclosure if she does not give her consent to such disclosure. The court, upon motion or sua sponte, shall make such a ruling and, upon determining that her anonymity should be preserved, shall issue orders to the parties, witnesses and counsel and shall direct the sealing of the record and exclusion of individuals from courtrooms or hearing rooms to the extent necessary to safeguard her identity from public disclosure. Each such order shall be accompanied by specific written findings explaining why the anonymity of the female should be preserved from public disclosure, why the order is essential to that end, how the order is narrowly tailored to serve that interest and why no reasonable, less restrictive alternative exists. In the absence of written consent of the female upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted, anyone, other than a public official, who brings an action under section nine of this article shall do so under a pseudonym. This section may not be construed to conceal the identity of the plaintiff or of witnesses from the defendant.
(a) Within ninety days of the effective date of this article, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall prepare a reporting form for physicians containing a reprint of this article and listing:
(1) The number of females to whom the information described in subsection (a), section two of this article was provided;
(2) The number of females to whom the physician or an agent of the physician provided the information described in subsection (b), section two of this article;
(3) The number of females who availed themselves of the opportunity to obtain a copy of the printed information described in section three of this article other than on the website;
(4) The number of abortions performed in cases involving medical emergency; and
(5) The number of abortions performed in cases not involving a medical emergency.
(b) The secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall ensure that copies of the reporting forms described in subsection (a) of this section are provided:
(1) Within one hundred twenty days after the effective date of this article to all physicians licensed to practice in this state;
(2) To each physician who subsequently becomes newly licensed to practice in this state, at the same time as official notification to that physician that the physician is so licensed; and
(3) By December 1, of each year, other than the calendar year in which forms are distributed in accordance with subdivision (1) of this subsection, to all physicians licensed to practice in this state.
(c) By the twenty-eighth day of February of each year following a calendar year in any part of which this act was in effect, each physician who provided, or whose agent provided, information to one or more females in accordance with section two of this article during the previous calendar year shall submit to the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources a copy of the form described in subsection (a) of this section with the requested data entered accurately and completely.
(d) Reports that are not submitted by the end of a grace period of thirty days following the due date are subject to a late fee of $500 for each additional thirty-day period or portion of a thirty-day period they are overdue. Any physician required to report in accordance with this section who has not submitted a report, or has submitted only an incomplete report, more than one year following the due date may, in an action brought by the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources, be directed by a court of competent jurisdiction to submit a complete report within a period stated by court order or be subject to sanctions for civil contempt.
(e) By August 1, of each year, the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall issue a public report providing statistics for the previous calendar year compiled from all of the reports covering that year submitted in accordance with this section for each of the items listed in subsection (a) of this section. Each report shall also provide the statistics for all previous calendar years, adjusted to reflect any additional information from late or corrected reports. The secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall prevent any of the information from being included in the public reports that could reasonably lead to the identification of any physician who performed or treated an abortion, or any female who has had an abortion, in accordance with subsection (a), (b) or (c) of this section. Any information that could reasonably lead to the identification of any physician who performed or treated an abortion, or any female who has had an abortion, in accordance with subsection (a), (b) or (c) of this section is exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.
(f) The secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code which alter the dates established by subdivision (3), subsection (b) of this section or subsection (c) or (e) of this section or consolidate the forms or reports described in this section with other forms or reports to achieve administrative convenience or fiscal savings or to reduce the burden of reporting requirements, so long as reporting forms are sent to all licensed physicians in the state at least once every year and the report described in subsection (e) of this section is issued at least once every year.
Any physician or agent thereof who willfully violates the provisions of this article may be subject to sanctions as levied by the licensing board governing his or her profession.
If any one or more provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or word of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is found to be unconstitutional, the same is hereby declared to be severable and the balance of this article shall remain effective notwithstanding such unconstitutionality. The Legislature hereby declares that it would have passed this article, and each provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or word be declared unconstitutional.
Acts, 2010 Reg. Sess., Ch. 94.