West Virginia Code
1 - STATE PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
1A - UNIFORM CREDENTIALING FOR HEAL
1B - SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES FOR
1C - HEALTH CARE PROVIDER TRANSPARE
2 - LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH
2A - ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF ORGANIZI
2B - FAMILY PLANNING AND CHILD SPAC
2C - HOME HEALTH SERVICES
2D - CERTIFICATE OF NEED
2E - BIRTHING CENTERS
2F - PARENTAL NOTIFICATION OF ABORT
2G - SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD PRO
2H - PRIMARY CARE SUPPORT PROGRAM
2I - WOMEN'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT
2J - PREVENTIVE CARE PILOT PROGRAM
2K - PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE
2L - PROVIDER SPONSORED NETWORKS
2M - THE PAIN-CAPABLE UNBORN CHILD
2N - NEONATAL ABSTINENCE CENTERS
2O - UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION FROM D
3 - PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF COMMU
3A - REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION ON M
3B - PERTUSSIS
3C - AIDS-RELATED MEDICAL TESTING A
3D - TUBERCULOSIS TESTING, CONTROL,
4 - SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
4A - PRENATAL EXAMINATION
4B - AUTOPSIES ON BODIES OF DECEASE
4C - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES ACT
4D - AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLAT
4E - UNIFORM MATERNAL SCREENING ACT
4F - EXPEDITED PARTNER THERAPY
5 - VITAL STATISTICS
5A - CANCER CONTROL
5B - HOSPITALS AND SIMILAR INSTITUT
16 - 5 B- 1
16 - 5 B- 2
16 - 5 B- 3
16 - 5 B- 4
16 - 5 B- 5
16 - 5 B- 5 A
16 - 5 B- 6
16 - 5 B- 6 A
16 - 5 B- 7
16 - 5 B- 8
16 - 5 B- 8 A
16 - 5 B- 9
16 - 5 B- 10
16 - 5 B- 11
16 - 5 B- 12
16 - 5 B- 13
16 - 5 B- 14
16 - 5 B- 15
16 - 5 B- 16
16 - 5 B- 17
16 - 5 B- 18
5C - NURSING HOMES
5D - ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENCES
5E - REGISTRATION AND INSPECTION OF
5F - HEALTH CARE FINANCIAL DISCLOSU
5G - OPEN HOSPITAL PROCEEDINGS
5H - CHRONIC PAIN CLINIC LICENSING
5I - HOSPICE LICENSURE ACT
5J - CLINICAL LABORATORIES QUALITY
5K - EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES FO
5L - LONG-TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGR
5M - OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION EDUCAT
5N - RESIDENTIAL CARE COMMUNITIES
5O - MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION BY U
5P - SENIOR SERVICES
5Q - THE JAMES "TIGER" MO
5R - THE ALZHEIMER'S SPECIAL CARE S
5S - OLDER WEST VIRGINIANS ACT
5T - OFFICE OF DRUG CONTROL POLICY
5U - ARTHRITIS PREVENTION EDUCATION
5V - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES RET
5W - WEST VIRGINIA OFFICIAL PRESCRI
5X - CAREGIVER ADVISE, RECORD AND E
5Y - MEDICATION-ASSISTED TREATMENT
5Z - COALITION FOR DIABETES MANAGEM
6 - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
7 - PURE FOOD AND DRUGS
8 - ELECTROLOGISTS
8A - NARCOTIC DRUGS
8B - DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT
9 - OFFENSES GENERALLY
9A - TOBACCO USAGE RESTRICTIONS
9B - IMPLEMENTING TOBACCO MASTER SE
9C - STATE TOBACCO GROWERS' SETTLEM
9D - ENFORCEMENT OF STATUTES IMPLEM
9E - DELIVERY SALES OF TOBACCO
9F - COUNTERFEIT CIGARETTES
10 - UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEAT
11 - SEXUAL STERILIZATION
12 - SANITARY DISTRICTS FOR SEWAGE
13 - SEWAGE WORKS AND STORMWATER W
13A - PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICTS
13B - COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT ACT
13C - DRINKING WATER TREATMENT REV
13D - REGIONAL WATER AND WASTEWATE
13E - COMMUNITY ENHANCEMENT ACT
14 - BARBERS AND COSMETOLOGISTS
15 - STATE HOUSING LAW
16 - HOUSING COOPERATION LAW
17 - NATIONAL DEFENSE HOUSING
18 - SLUM CLEARANCE
19 - ANATOMICAL GIFT ACT
20 - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
21 - BLOOD DONATIONS
22 - DETECTION AND CONTROL OF PHEN
22A - TESTING OF NEWBORN INFANTS F
22B - BIRTH SCORE PROGRAM
23 - TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD; TRANSPL
24 - STATE HEMOPHILIA PROGRAM
25 - DETECTION OF TUBERCULOSIS, HI
26 - WEST VIRGINIA SOLID WASTE MAN
27 - STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF RADIO
27A - BAN ON CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLE
28 - ASSISTANCE TO KOREAN AND VIET
29 - HEALTH CARE RECORDS
29A - WEST VIRGINIA HOSPITAL FINAN
29B - HEALTH CARE AUTHORITY
29C - INDIGENT CARE
29D - STATE HEALTH CARE
29E - LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT COMMIS
29F - UNINSURED AND UNDERINSURED P
29G - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH INFORMA
29H - INTERAGENCY HEALTH COUNCIL
29I - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE AU
30 - WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH CARE DEC
30A - MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY
30B - HEALTH CARE SURROGATE ACT
30C - DO NOT RESUSCITATE ACT
31 - COMMUNITY RIGHT TO KNOW
32 - ASBESTOS ABATEMENT
33 - BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER PR
34 - LICENSURE OF RADON MITIGATORS
35 - LEAD ABATEMENT
36 - NEEDLESTICK INJURY PREVENTION
37 - BODY PIERCING STUDIO BUSINESS
38 - TATTOO STUDIO BUSINESS
39 - PATIENT SAFETY ACT
40 - STATEWIDE BIRTH DEFECTS INFOR
41 - ORAL HEALTH IMPROVEMENT ACT
42 - COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIORAL HEAL
43 - ENGINE COOLANT AND ANTIFREEZE
44 - THE PULSE OXIMETRY NEWBORN TE
45 - TANNING FACILITIES
46 - ACCESS TO OPIOID ANTAGONISTS
47 - ALCOHOL AND DRUG OVERDOSE PRE
48 - WEST VIRGINIA ABLE ACT
49 - WEST VIRGINIA CLEARANCE FOR A
50 - EPINEPHRINE AUTO-INJECTOR AVA
51 - RIGHT TO TRY ACT
52 - COALITION FOR RESPONSIBLE PAI
53 - ESTABLISHING ADDITIONAL SUBST
CHAPTER 16. PUBLIC HEALTH.
ARTICLE 5B. HOSPITALS AND SIMILAR INSTITUTIONS.
§16-5B-1. Health facilities and certain other facilities operated in connection therewith to obtain license; exemptions; meaning of hospital, etc.
No person, partnership, association, corporation, or any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof shall establish, conduct, or maintain in the State of West Virginia any ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, freestanding or operated in connection with a hospital, hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, without first obtaining a license therefor in the manner hereinafter provided: Provided, That only one license shall be required for any person, partnership, association, corporation or any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof who operates any combination of an ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, hospital, extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, or more than one thereof, at the same location. Ambulatory health care facilities, ambulatory surgical facilities, hospitals, or extended care facilities operated in connection with a hospital operated by the federal government or the state government shall be exempt from the provisions of this article.
A hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, within the meaning of this article, shall mean any institution, place, building or agency in which an accommodation of five or more beds is maintained, furnished or offered for the hospitalization of the sick or injured: Provided, That nothing contained in this article shall apply to nursing homes, rest homes, personal care facilities, homes for the aged, extended care facilities not operated in connection with a hospital, boarding homes, homes for the infirm or chronically ill, convalescent homes, hotels or other similar places that furnish to their guests only board and room, or either of them: Provided, however, That the hospitalization, care or treatment in a household, whether for compensation or not, of any person related by blood or marriage, within the degree of consanguinity of second cousin to the head of the household, or his or her spouse, shall not be deemed to constitute the premises a hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, within the meaning of this article.
An "ambulatory health care facility" shall include any facility which provides health care or mental health care to noninstitutionalized persons on an outpatient basis. This definition does not include the legally authorized practice of medicine by any one or more persons in the private office of any health care provider.
"Ambulatory surgical facility" means a facility which provides surgical treatment to patients not requiring hospitalization. This definition does not include the legally authorized practice of surgery by any one or more persons in the private office of any health care provider.
Nothing in this article or the rules and regulations adopted pursuant to the provisions of this article shall be construed to authorize the licensure, supervision, regulation or control in any manner of (1) private offices of physicians, dentists or other practitioners of the healing arts; (2) dispensaries and first aid stations located within business or industrial establishments maintained solely for the use of employees: Provided, That such facility does not contain inpatient or resident beds for patients or employees who generally remain in the facility for more than twenty-four hours.
Nothing in this article shall authorize any person, partnership, association, corporation, or any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof to engage in any manner in the practice of medicine, as defined by law. This article shall not be construed to restrict or modify any statute pertaining to the placement or adoption of children.
No person, partnership, association, corporation or any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof may continue to operate an existing ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, or open an ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, a hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, unless such operation shall have been approved and regularly licensed by the state as hereinafter provided. Licenses shall be issued for a particular number by type of beds and/or type of services. Any change in the number by type of bed and/or type of services shall require the issuance of a new license.
Before a license shall be issued under this article, the person applying, if an individual, shall submit evidence satisfactory to the state department of health that he is not less than eighteen years of age, of reputable and responsible character and otherwise qualified. In the event the applicant is an association, corporation or governmental unit, like evidence shall be submitted as to the members thereof and the persons in charge.
Every applicant shall, in addition, submit satisfactory evidence of his ability to comply with the minimum standards and with all rules and regulations lawfully promulgated. Every applicant shall further submit satisfactory evidence that he has implemented the paternity program created pursuant to section thirteen of this article.
Any person, partnership, association, or corporation, or any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof desiring a license hereunder shall file with the state department of health a verified application stating the name of the applicant, and if the applicant is an individual, his age; the type of institution to be operated; the location thereof; the name of the person in charge thereof; and such other information as the state department of health may require. An application on behalf of a corporation, association or governmental unit shall be made by any two officers thereof or by its managing agents and shall contain like information. The application shall be on a form prescribed, prepared and furnished by the state department of health.
The application of any person, partnership, association, corporation, or local government unit for a license to operate a hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, shall be accompanied by a fee to be determined by the number of beds available for patients, according to the following schedule of fees: Those with five beds but less than fifty beds shall pay a fee of $500; those with fifty beds or more and less than one hundred beds shall pay a fee of $750; those with one hundred beds or more and less than two hundred beds shall pay a fee of $1,000; and those with two hundred beds or more shall pay a fee of $1,250. The director may annually adjust the licensure fees for inflation based upon the consumer price index. The application of any person, partnership, association, corporation, or local governmental unit for a license to operate an ambulatory health care facility or ambulatory surgical facility shall be accompanied by a reasonable fee to be determined by the director, based on the number of patients served by the facility. No such fee shall be refunded. All licenses issued under this article shall expire on June 30 following their issuance, shall be on a form prescribed by the state department of health, shall not be described in the application, shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the licensed premises, and may be renewed from year to year upon application, investigation and payment of the license fee, as in the case of the procurement of an original license: Provided, That any such license in effect on June 30 of any year, for which timely application for renewal, together with payment of the proper fee, has been made to the state department of health in conformance with the provisions of this article and the rules and regulations issued thereunder, and prior to the expiration date of such license, shall continue in effect until (a) June 30 next following the expiration date of such license, or (b) the date of the revocation or suspension of such license pursuant to the provisions of this article, or (c) the date of issuance of a new license, whichever date first occurs: Provided, however, That in the case of the transfer of ownership of a facility with an unexpired license, the application of the new owner for a license shall have the effect of a license for a period of three months when filed with the director. All fees received by the state department of health under the provisions of this article shall be deposited in accordance with section thirteen, article one of this chapter.
Every building, institution or establishment for which a license has been issued shall be inspected periodically by a duly appointed representative of the state department of health under rules and regulations to be promulgated by the department. Inspection reports shall be prepared on forms prescribed by the state department of health. Institutions licensed hereunder shall in no way be exempt from being inspected or licensed under the laws of this state relative to hotels, restaurants, lodginghouses, boardinghouses and places of refreshment.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, a periodic license inspection shall not be conducted by the state Department of Health and Human Resources for a hospital if the hospital has applied for and received an exemption from that requirement: Provided, That no exemption granted diminishes the right of the state Department of Health and Human Resources to conduct complaint inspections: Provided, however, That no exemption granted relieves a hospital from compliance with section six-a of this article.
The state Department of Health and Human Resources shall grant an exemption from a periodic license inspection during the year following accreditation if a hospital applies by submitting evidence of its accreditation by the joint commission on accreditation of health care organizations or the American osteopathic association and submits a complete copy of the commission's accreditation report.
If the accreditation of a hospital is for a period longer than one year, the state Department of Health and Human Resources may conduct at least one license inspection of the hospital after the first year of accreditation and before the accreditation has expired and may conduct additional license inspections if needed. Hospitals receiving a three-year accreditation shall conduct annual self-evaluations using the current year accreditation manual for hospitals (AMH) unless the state Department of Health and Human Resources informs the hospital that the hospital will be inspected by the state Department of Health and Human Resources. Hospitals are not required to conduct self-evaluations for any calendar year during which they are inspected by the state Department of Health and Human Resources. These self-evaluations shall be completed and placed on file in the hospital by the thirty-first day of March of each year. Hospitals shall make the results of the self-evaluation available to the state Department of Health and Human Resources if requested.
Accreditation reports filed with the state Department of Health and Human Resources shall be treated as confidential in accordance with section ten of this article.
The state director of health is hereby authorized to issue licenses for the operation of ambulatory health care facilities, ambulatory surgical facilities, hospitals or extended care facilities operated in connection with hospitals, which are found to comply with the provisions of this article and with all regulations lawfully promulgated by the department.
The state director of health is hereby authorized to suspend or revoke a license issued hereunder, on any of the following grounds:
(1) Violation of any of the provisions of this article or the rules and regulations issued pursuant thereto;
(2) Knowingly permitting, aiding or abetting the commission of any illegal act in such institution;
(3) Conduct or practices detrimental to the health or safety of the patients and employees of such institution; or
(4) Operation of beds or services not specified in the license.
Before any such license is suspended or revoked, however, written notice shall be given the licensee, stating the grounds of the complaint, and the date, time and place set for the hearing on the complaint, which date shall not be less than thirty days from the time notice is given. Such notice shall be sent by registered mail to the licensee at the address where the institution concerned is located. The licensee shall be entitled to be represented by legal counsel at the hearing.
If a license is revoked as herein provided, a new application for a license shall be considered by the director of health if, when, and after the conditions upon which revocation was based have been corrected and evidence of this fact has been furnished. A new license shall then be granted after proper inspection has been made and all provisions of this article and rules and regulations promulgated hereunder have been satisfied.
All of the pertinent provisions of article five, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code shall apply to and govern any hearing authorized and required by the provisions of this article and the administrative procedure in connection with and following any such hearing, with like effect as if the provisions of said article five were set forth in extenso in this section.
(a) The Legislature declares that a crisis in health care costs exists, that one important approach to deal with this crisis is to have widespread citizen participation in hospital decision making and that many hospitals in West Virginia exclude from their boards important categories of consumers, including small businesses, organized labor, elderly persons and lower-income consumers. The Legislature further declares that nonprofit hospitals receive such major revenue from public sources and are so crucial in health planning and development that it is necessary to require consumer representatives on their boards of directors. Therefore, the Legislature determines that nonprofit hospitals and hospitals owned by local governments should have boards of directors representative of the communities they serve.
(b) As used in this section, "applicable hospitals" means all nonprofit hospitals and all hospitals owned by a county, city or other political subdivision of the State of West Virginia.
(c) At least forty percent of the boards of directors of applicable hospitals shall, on or before July 1, 1984, be composed of an equal portion of consumer representatives from each of the following four categories: Small businesses, organized labor, elderly persons and persons whose income is less than the national median income. Special consideration shall be made to select women, racial minorities and handicapped persons.
(d) The provisions of this section may be enforced by the director of health, or by any citizen of the county wherein any offending hospital is located, by the filing of an action at law in the circuit court of such county.
Any applicant or licensee who is dissatisfied with the decision of the state department of health as a result of the hearing provided in section six may, within thirty days after receiving notice of the decision, appeal to the circuit court, in term or in vacation, of the county in which the applicant or licensee is located for judicial review of the decision. The court may, if it so desires, refer the matter to a commissioner in chancery for a hearing, with a request that he report to the court his findings of fact together with his recommendation.
The department shall promptly certify and file in the court the transcript of the hearings on which its decision is based.
Findings of fact by the department shall be considered as prima facie correct, but the court may remand the case to the department for the taking of further evidence. The department may thereupon make new or modified findings of fact which shall likewise be considered as prima facie correct. All evidence in the case shall be held secret until the final order is issued by the court which order shall be made public.
The court shall have the power to affirm, modify or reverse the decision of the department and either the applicant or licensee or the department may appeal from the court's decision to the Supreme Court of Appeals. Pending the final disposition of the matter the status quo of the applicant or licensee shall be preserved.
The board of health shall have the power to promulgate rules and regulations and the director shall have the power to enforce such rules and regulations, as the board of health may establish, not in conflict with any provision of this article, as it finds necessary, or in the public interest, in order to protect patients in institutions required to be licensed under this article from detrimental practices and conditions, or to ensure adequate provision for their accommodations and care. No rule or regulation or standard of the board shall be adopted or enforced which would have the effect of denying a license to a hospital or other institution required to be licensed hereunder, solely by reason of the school or system of practice employed or permitted to be employed by physicians therein: Provided, That such school or system of practice is recognized by the laws of this state.
Acts, 1995 Reg. Sess., Ch. 123.
§16-5B-9. Hospitals and similar institutions required to supply patients, upon request, with one specifically itemized statement of charges assessed to patient, at no cost to patient.
Any hospital, or other similar institution, required to be licensed under this article, upon request, shall supply to any patient who has received services from the hospital, whether on an inpatient or outpatient basis, one itemized statement which describes with specificity the exact service or medication for which a charge is assessed to the patient at the institution, at no additional cost to the patient. In the event of the death of any such patient, a relative or guardian may make such request and shall receive such statement at no additional cost.
Information received by the state department of health under the provisions of this article shall be confidential and shall not be publicly disclosed except in a proceeding involving the question of the issuance or revocation of a license.
Any person, partnership, association or corporation, and any local governmental unit or any division, department, board or agency thereof establishing, conducting, managing or operating an ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, a hospital, or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, without first obtaining a license therefor as herein provided, or violating any provision of this article or any rule or regulation lawfully promulgated thereunder, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished for the first offense by a fine of not more than $100, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. For each subsequent offense the fine may be increased to not more than $500, with imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than ninety days, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. Each day of a continuing violation after conviction shall be considered a separate offense.
Notwithstanding the existence or pursuit of any other remedy, the director may, in the manner provided by law, maintain an action in the name of the state for an injunction against any person, partnership, association, corporation, or any local governmental unit, or any division, department, board or agency thereof, to restrain or prevent the establishment, conduct, management or operation of any ambulatory health care facility, ambulatory surgical facility, hospital or extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital without first obtaining a license therefor in the manner hereinbefore provided.
If any part of this article shall be declared unconstitutional, such declaration shall not affect any other part thereof.
(a) Every public and private hospital licensed pursuant to section two of this article and every birthing center licensed pursuant to section two, article two-e of this chapter, that provides obstetrical services in West Virginia shall participate in the hospital-based paternity program.
(b) The Bureau for Child Support enforcement as described in article eighteen, chapter forty-eight of this code shall provide all public and private hospitals and all birthing centers providing obstetric services in this state with:
(1) Information regarding the establishment of paternity;
(2) An acknowledgment of paternity fulfilling the requirements of subsection (i), section twelve, article five, chapter sixteen of this code; and
(3) The telephone contact number for the Bureau for Child Support enforcement that a parent may call for further information regarding the establishment of paternity.
(c) Prior to the discharge from any facility included in this section of any mother who has given birth to a live infant, the administrator, or his or her assignee, shall ensure that the following materials are provided to any unmarried woman and any person holding out to be the natural father of the child:
(1) Information regarding the establishment of paternity;
(2) An acknowledgment of paternity fulfilling the requirements of subsection (i), section twelve, article five, chapter sixteen of this code; and
(3) The telephone contact number for the Bureau for Child Support enforcement that a parent may call for further information regarding the establishment of paternity.
(d) The Bureau for Child Support enforcement shall notify the state department of health of any failure of any hospital or birthing center to conform with the requirements of this section.
(e) Any hospital or birthing center described in this article should provide the information detailed in subsection (c) of this section at any time when such facility is providing obstetrical services.
A hospital located in an urban area (Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) County), can be considered rural for the purposes of a designation as a critical access hospital pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1395i-4(c)(2) if it meets the following criteria:
(1) Is enrolled as both a Medicaid and Medicare provider and accepts assignment for all Medicaid and Medicare patients;
(2) Provides emergency health care services to indigent patients;
(3) Maintains 24-hour emergency services; and
(4) Is located in a county that has a rural population of fifty percent or greater as determined by the most recent United States decennial census.
(a) A public or private hospital licensed pursuant to the provisions of section two of this article is required to permit patient visitation privileges for nonrelatives unless otherwise requested by the patient or legal designee. For purposes of this section, the term "legal designee" means and includes those persons eighteen years of age or older, appointed by the patient to make health care decisions for the patient pursuant to the provisions of section six, article thirty of this chapter.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that this section facilitate a patient's visitation with nonrelative individuals, and may not, in any way, restrict or limit allowable uses and disclosures of protected health information pursuant to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, 42 U.S.C. §1320d-2 and the accompanying regulations in 45 CFR 164.500.
(c) No provision of this section may be construed to prevent a hospital from otherwise restricting visitation privileges in order to prevent harm to the patient or disruption to the facility.
Any hospital, extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, ambulatory health care facility, or ambulatory surgical facility freestanding or operated in connection with a hospital, licensed in the State of West Virginia under this article that intends to terminate operations shall provide at least three weeks notice of such intent to the public prior to the actual termination of operations. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 3 of Chapter 59 of this code, the hospital or facility shall cause a Class III legal advertisement to be published in all qualified newspapers of general circulation where the hospital or facility is geographically located. The first publication of the Class III legal advertisement shall occur at least three weeks prior to the date the hospital or facility intends to terminate operations. The Class III legal advertisement shall include, but is not limited to, a statement, along with the specific or proximate date, that the hospital, extended care facility operated in connection with a hospital, ambulatory health care facility, or ambulatory surgical facility freestanding or operated in connection with a hospital, intends to terminate operations.
(a) As used in this section, the following words mean:
(1) “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” or “CDC” means the United States Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
(2) “National Healthcare Safety Network” or “NHSN” means the secure Internet-based data collection surveillance system managed by the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion at the CDC, created by the CDC for accumulating, exchanging and integrating relevant information on infectious adverse events associated with healthcare delivery.
(3) “Hospital” means hospital as that term is defined in subsection-e, section three, article twenty-nine-b, chapter sixteen.
(4) “Healthcare-associated infection” means a localized or systemic condition that results from an adverse reaction to the presence of an infectious agent or a toxin of an infectious agent that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to a hospital.
(5) “Physician” means a person licensed to practice medicine by either the board of Medicine or the board of osteopathy.
(6) “Nurse” means a person licensed in West Virginia as a registered professional nurse in accordance with article seven, chapter thirty.
(b) The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources is hereby directed to create an Infection Control Advisory Panel whose duty is to provide guidance and oversight in implementing this section. The advisory panel shall consist of the following members:
(1) Two board-certified or board-eligible physicians, affiliated with a West Virginia hospital or medical school, who are active members of the Society for Health Care Epidemiology of America and who have demonstrated an interest in infection control;
(2) One physician who maintains active privileges to practice in at least one West Virginia hospital;
(3) Three infection control practitioners, two of whom are nurses, each certified by the Certification Board of Infection Control and Epidemiology, and each working in the area of infection control. Rural and urban practice must be represented;
(4) A statistician with an advanced degree in medical statistics;
(5) A microbiologist with an advanced degree in clinical microbiology;
(6) The Director of the Division of Disease Surveillance and Disease Control in the Bureau for Public Health or a designee; and
(7) The director of the hospital program in the office of health facilities, licensure and certification in the Bureau for Public Health.
(c) The advisory panel shall:
(1) Provide guidance to hospitals in their collection of healthcare-associated infections;
(2) Provide evidence-based practices in the control and prevention of healthcare associated infections;
(3) Establish reasonable goals to reduce the number of healthcare-associated infections;
(4) Develop plans for analyzing infection-related data from hospitals;
(5) Develop healthcare-associated advisories for hospital distribution;
(6) Review and recommend to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources the manner in which the reporting is made available to the public to assure that the public understands the meaning of the report; and
(7) Other duties as identified by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources.
(d) Hospitals shall report information on healthcare-associated infections in the manner prescribed by the CDC National Healthcare Safety Network(NHSN). The reporting standard prescribed by the CDC National Healthcare Safety Network(NHSN) shall be the reporting system of the hospitals in West Virginia.
(e) Hospitals who fail to report information on healthcare associated infections in the manner and time frame required by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall be fined the sum of $5,000 for each such failure.
(f) The Infection Control Advisory Panel shall provide the results of the collection and analysis of all hospital data to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources for public availability and the Bureau for Public Health for consideration in their hospital oversight and epidemiology and disease surveillance responsibilities in West Virginia.
(g) Data collected and reported pursuant to this act may not be considered to establish standards of care for any purposes of civil litigation in West Virginia.
(h) The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall require that all hospitals implement and initiate this reporting requirement.
§16-5B-18. Designation of comprehensive, primary and acute stroke-ready hospitals; reporting requirements; rulemaking.
(a) A hospital, as that term is defined in section one of this article, may apply to the Department of Health and Human Resources to be recognized and certified as a comprehensive stroke center, a primary stroke center or an acute stroke-ready hospital. The appropriate designation shall be granted by the Department of Health and Human Resources based upon criteria recognized by the American Heart Association, the Joint Commission or other nationally recognized organization as set forth in legislative rules as provided in subsection (d) of this section.
(b) The Department of Health and Human Resources shall provide annually, by June 1, a list of all hospitals they have designated pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section to the medical director of each licensed emergency medical service agency in this state. This list shall be maintained by the Department of Health and Human Resources and shall be updated annually on its website.
(c) The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall establish by legislative rule, as set forth in subsection (d) of this section, prehospital care protocols related to assessment, treatment and transport of patients identified as stroke patients. These protocols shall be applicable to all emergency medical service agencies, as defined in section three, article four-c of this chapter. These protocols shall include development and implementation of plans for the triage and transport within specified timeframes of onset of symptoms of acute stroke patients to the nearest comprehensive, primary or acute stroke ready hospital.
(d) The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to accomplish the goals of this section. These rules shall be proposed after consultation with an advisory committee selected by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Resources. The advisory committee shall consist of representatives of the Department of Health and Human Resources, an association with the primary purpose of promoting better heart health, a registered emergency medical technician, hospitals located in rural areas of the state and hospitals located in urban areas of this state.
These rules shall include:
(1) An application process;
(2) The criteria for designation and certification as a comprehensive stroke center, a primary stroke center or an acute stroke ready center;
(3) A means for providing a list of designated hospitals to emergency medical service agencies;
(4) Protocols for assessment, treatment and transport of stroke patients by licensed emergency medical service agencies; and
(5) Any other requirements necessary to accomplish the intent of this section.