West Virginia Code
As used in this article:
"Dispense" means the same as that term is defined in §30-5-4 of this code.
"Patient counseling" means the same as that term is defined in §30-5-4 of this code.
"Pharmacist" means the same as that term is defined in §30-5-4 of this code.
"Self-administered hormonal contraceptive" means a self-administered hormonal contraceptive that is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration to prevent pregnancy and does not include the class of emergency contraceptives commonly known as the "morning after pill" or "Plan B".
This article does not create a duty or standard of care for a person to prescribe or dispense a self-administered hormonal contraceptive.
(a) A pharmacist licensed under §30-5-1 et seq. of this code may dispense a self-administered hormonal contraceptive: (1) pursuant to a standing prescription drug order made in accordance with §16-57-4 of this code without any other prescription drug order from a person licensed to prescribe a self-administered hormonal contraceptive; (2) in accordance with the dispensing guidelines in §16-57-6 of this code; and (3) to a patient who is 18 years old or older.
(b) All state and federal laws governing insurance coverage of contraceptive drugs, devices, products, and services shall apply to self-administered contraceptives dispensed by a pharmacist under a standing order pursuant to this section.
The state health officer may prescribe on a statewide basis a self-administered hormonal contraceptive by one or more standing orders in accordance with a protocol consistent with the United States Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (MEC) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that requires:
(1) Use of the self-screening risk assessment questionnaire described below;
(2) Written and oral education;
(3) The timeline for renewing and updating the standing order;
(4) Who is eligible to utilize the standing order;
(5) The pharmacist to make and retain a record of each person to whom the self-administered hormonal contraceptive is dispensed, including:
(A) The name of the person;
(B) The drug dispensed; and
(C) Other relevant information.
(a) The Board of Pharmacy, in collaboration with the Bureau for Public Health, shall approve a training program or programs to be eligible to participate in the utilization of the standing prescription drug order for self-administered hormonal contraceptives by a pharmacist.
(b) Documentation of training shall be provided to the Board of Pharmacy upon request.
(a) A pharmacist who dispenses a self-administered hormonal contraceptive under this article:
(1) Shall obtain a completed self-screening risk assessment questionnaire that has been approved by the state health officer in collaboration with the Board of Pharmacy, the Board of Osteopathic Medicine, and the Board of Medicine from the patient before dispensing the self-administered hormonal contraceptive;
(2) Shall notify the patient’s primary care provider, if provided;
(3) If when dispensing within the guidelines it is unsafe to dispense a self-administered hormonal contraceptive to a patient then the pharmacist:
(A) May not dispense a self-administered hormonal contraceptive to the patient; and
(B) Shall refer the patient to a health care practitioner or local health department;
(4) May not continue to dispense a self-administered hormonal contraceptive to the patient for more than 12 months after the date of the initial prescription without evidence that the patient has consulted with a health care practitioner during the preceding 12 months; and
(5) Shall provide the patient with:
(A) Written and verbal information regarding:
(i) The importance of seeing the patient’s health care practitioner to obtain recommended tests and screening; and
(ii) The effectiveness and availability of long-acting reversible contraceptives and other effective contraceptives as an alternative to self-administered hormonal contraceptives; and
(B) A copy of the record of the encounter with the patient that includes:
(i) The patient’s completed self-assessment tool; and
(ii) A description of the contraceptives dispensed, or the basis for not dispensing a contraceptive.
(b) If a pharmacist dispenses a self-administered hormonal contraceptive to a patient, the pharmacist shall, at a minimum, provide the patient counseling regarding:
(1) The appropriate administration and storage of the self-administered hormonal contraceptive;
(2) Potential side effects and risks of the self-administered hormonal contraceptive;
(3) The need for backup contraception;
(4) When to seek emergency medical attention;
(5) The risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection or disease, and ways to reduce the risk of contraction; and
(6) Any additional counseling outlined in the protocol as prescribed in §16-57-4 of this code.
(c) The Board of Pharmacy regulates a pharmacist who dispenses a self-administered hormonal contraceptive under this article.