HB2646 HFA O’Neal 3-14 #3
Delegate O’Neal moves to amend the amendment on page 1, by striking everything after the enacting clause and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
“That §11-12-86 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be repealed; that §29-3-23, §29-3-24, §29-3-25 and §29-3-26 of said code be repealed; that said code be amended by adding thereto a new section, designated §9A-1-11b; that §16-2-2 of said code be amended and reenacted; that said code be amended by adding a new section, designated §16-2-16, that said code be amended by adding a new article, designated §29-3E-1, §29-3E-2, §29-3E-3, §29-3E-4, §29-3E-5, §29-3E-6, §29-3E-7, §29-3E-8, §29-3E-9, §29-3E-10, §29-3E-11, §29-3E-12 and §29-3E-13; and that §61-3E-1 and §61-3E-11 of said code be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:
CHAPTER 9A. VETERANS’ AFFAIRS.
ARTICLE 1. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS’ AFFAIRS.
§9A-1-11b. Establishment of West Virginia Veterans Program Fund.
There is hereby created in the State Treasury a special revenue fund to be designated and known as the "West Virginia Veterans Program Fund," which shall consist of revenues derived from the assessment of the fireworks safety fee, as provided in section seven, article three-e, chapter twenty-nine of this code, to be administered by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs and used for funding veterans’ programs. Funds may also be derived from any gift, grant, bequest, endowed fund or donation which may be received by any veterans’ program created by statute or from any governmental entity or unit or any person, firm, foundation or corporation. Expenditures from the fund shall be for the purposes set forth in this article and are not authorized from collections but are to be made only in accordance with appropriation by the Legislature and in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twelve of this code and upon the fulfillment of the provisions set forth in article two, chapter eleven-b of this code: Provided, That for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2016, expenditures are authorized from collections rather than pursuant to an explicit appropriation by the Legislature. Any balance remaining in the fund at the end of any fiscal year shall be reappropriated to the next fiscal year.
CHAPTER. 16. PUBLIC HEALTH.ARTICLE 2. LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH.
Unless the context in which used clearly requires a different meaning, as used in this article:
(a) (1) "Basic public health services" means those services that are necessary to protect the health of the public and that a local board of health must provide. The three areas of basic public health services are communicable and reportable disease prevention and control, community health promotion, and environmental health protection;
(b) (2) "Bureau" means the Bureau for Public Health in the Department of Health and Human Resources;
(c) (3) "Clinical and categorical programs" means those services provided to individuals of specified populations and usually focus on health promotion or disease prevention. These services are not considered comprehensive health care but focus on specific health issues such as breast and cervical cancer, prenatal and pediatric health services and home health services;
(d) (4) "Combined local board of health" is one form of organization for a local board of health and means a board of health serving any two or more counties or any county or counties and one or more municipalities within or partially within the county or counties;
(e) (5) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Bureau for Public Health, who is the state health officer;
(f) (6) "Communicable and reportable disease prevention and control" is one of three areas of basic public health services each local board of health must offer. Services shall include disease surveillance, case investigation and follow-up, outbreak investigation, response to epidemics, and prevention and control of rabies, sexually transmitted diseases, vaccine preventable diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and other communicable and reportable diseases;
(g) (7) "Community health promotion" is one of three areas of basic public health services each local board of health must offer. Services shall include assessing and reporting community health needs to improve health status, facilitating community partnerships including identifying the community’s priority health needs, mobilization of a community around identified priorities, and monitoring the progress of community health education services;
(h) (8) "County board of health" is one form of organization for a local board of health and means a local board of health serving a single county;
(i) (9) "Department" means the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources;
(j) (10) "Director" or "director of health" means the state health officer. Administratively within the department, the Bureau for Public Health through its commissioner carries out the public health function of the department, unless otherwise assigned by the secretary;
(k) (11) "Environmental health protection" is one of three areas of basic public health services each local board of health must offer. Services shall include efforts to protect the community from environmental health risks including, inspection of housing, institutions, recreational facilities, sewage and wastewater facilities; inspection and sampling of drinking water facilities; and response to disease outbreaks or disasters;
(l) (12) "Enhanced public health services" means services that focus on health promotion activities to address a major health problem in a community, are targeted to a particular population and assist individuals in this population to access the health care system, such as lead and radon abatement for indoor air quality and positive pregnancy tracking. Enhanced public health services are services a local health department may offer;
(m) (13) "Local board of health," "local board" or "board" means a board of health serving one or more counties or one or more municipalities or a combination thereof;
(n) (14) "Local health department" means the staff of the local board of health;
(o) (15) "Local health officer" means the individual physician with a current West Virginia license to practice medicine who supervises and directs the activities of the local health department services, staff and facilities and is appointed by the local board of health with approval by the commissioner;
(p) (16) "Municipal board of health" is one form of organization for a local board of health and means a board of health serving a single municipality;
(q) (17) "Performance-based standards" means generally accepted, objective standards such as rules or guidelines against which a local health department’s level of performance can be measured;
(r) (18) "Primary care services" means health care services, including medical care, that emphasize first contact patient care and assume overall and ongoing responsibility for the patient in health maintenance and treatment of disease. Primary care services are services that local boards of health may offer if the board has determined that an unmet need for primary care services exists in its service area. Basic public health services funding may not be used to support these services;
(s) (19) "Program plan" or "plan of operation" means the annual plan for each local board of health that must be submitted to the commissioner for approval;
(t) (20) "Secretary" means the secretary of the state Department of Health and Human Resources; and
(u) (21) "Service area" means the territorial jurisdiction of the local board of health.
(22) "Smoking" means inhaling or exhaling tobacco smoke or carrying any lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe or other device for smoking tobacco. "Smoking" does not include the burning of incense in a religious ceremony.
§16-2-16. Procedures for local regulation of smoking.
(a) If a regulation or ordinance relating to an indoor smoking restriction is approved by a board of health but is not in effect, before it goes into effect, the county commission shall review and vote to approve or deny the proposed regulation or ordinance at the next regularly scheduled meeting.
(b) In lieu of approving or denying the proposed ordinance or regulation or ordinance, the county commission may submit the issue to the voters of the county for approval at the next primary or general election.
(c) If a county commission adopts an indoor smoking ordinance and the ordinance permits indoor smoking in an establishment, the ordinance shall require that the establishment have the following:
(1) A permanent ventilation system that ensures a minimum air exchange of six times per hour throughout the indoor space and a minimum air exchange of twelve times per hour in the indoor space that serves food, unless the food space is designated nonsmoking;
(2) An age restriction in the smoking area to persons twenty-one years of age or older;
(3) A designated portion of at least ten percent of the indoor space of the establishment as a nonsmoking area; and
(4) A posting at each entrance a sign of not less than eighteen inches by twenty-four inches, which reads in bold print “DANGER: THESE PREMISES CONTAINS TOBACCO SMOKE.”
CHAPTER 29. MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS AND OFFICERS.
ARTICLE 3E. FIREWORKS SAFETY.
§29-3E-1. Unlawful acts.
It is unlawful for a person to manufacture, wholesale, distribute, import, sell or store for the purpose of resale, consumer fireworks, sparkling devices, novelties or toy caps without a license, registration, certificate or permit from the State Fire Marshal.
As used in this article:
(1) "Agricultural and wildlife fireworks" means fireworks devices distributed to farmers, ranchers and growers through a wildlife management program administered by the United States Department of the Interior or the Department of Natural Resources of this state;
(2) "APA Standard 87-1" means the APA Standard 87-1 published by the American Pyrotechnics Association, as amended, and incorporated by reference into Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations;
(3) "Articles pyrotechnic" means pyrotechnic devices for professional use that are similar to consumer fireworks in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use, that meet the weight limits for consumer fireworks but are not labeled as such, and that are classified as UN0431 or UN0432 under 49 C.F.R. §172.101 (2014);
(4) "Consumer fireworks" means small fireworks devices that are designed to produce visible effects by combustion and that are required to comply with the construction, chemical composition and labeling regulations promulgated by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission under 16 C.F.R. Parts 1500 and 1507 (2014), and that are listed in APA Standard 87-1. Consumer fireworks do not include sparkling devices, novelties and toy caps;
(5) "Consumer fireworks certificate" means a certificate issued under section five of this article;
(6) "Display fireworks" means large fireworks to be used solely by professional pyrotechnicians licensed by the State Fire Marshal and designed primarily to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration or detonation and includes, but is not limited to, salutes containing more than two grains (one hundred thirty milligrams) of explosive materials, aerial shells containing more than forty grams of pyrotechnic compositions and other display pieces that exceed the limits of explosive materials for classification as consumer fireworks and are classified as fireworks UN0333, UN0334, or UN0335 under 49 C.F.R. §172.101 (2014);
(7) "Distributor" means a person who sells fireworks to wholesalers and retailers for resale;
(8) "Division 1.3 explosive" means that term as defined in 49 C.F.R. §173.50 (2014);
(9) "Division 1.4 explosive" means that term as defined in 49 C.F.R. §173.50 (2014);
(10) "Explosive composition" means a chemical or mixture of chemicals that produces an audible effect by deflagration or detonation when ignited;
(11) "Fire Marshal" means the State Fire Marshal;
(12) "Firework" or "fireworks" means any composition or device designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration or detonation. Fireworks include consumer fireworks, display fireworks and special effects. Fireworks does not include sparkling devices, novelties and toy caps and model rockets;
(13) "Interstate wholesaler" means a person who is engaged in interstate commerce selling fireworks;
(14) “Model rocket” means that term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1122, “Code for Model Rocketry”;
(15) "New explosive" means that term as defined in 49 C.F.R. §173.56 (2014);
(16) "NFPA 1123" means that term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1123, "Code for Fireworks Display."
(17) "NFPA 1124" means that term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1124, "Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Retail Sales of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles,” 2006 Edition.
(18) "NFPA 1126" means that term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1126, "Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience."
(19) "Novelties" means that term as defined under APA standard 87-1, section 3.2; but shall not include toy pistols, toy caps, toy canes, toy guns or other similar devices;
(20) "Person" means an individual, or the responsible person for an association, an organization, a partnership, a limited partnership, a limited liability company, a corporation, or any other group or combination acting as a unit;
(21) "Pyrotechnic composition" means a mixture of chemicals that produces a visible or audible effect by combustion rather than deflagration or detonation. A pyrotechnic composition will not explode upon ignition unless severely confined;
(22) "Retailer" means a person who purchases consumer fireworks for resale to consumers;
(23) "Sparkling devices" means "ground or handheld sparkling devices" as that phrase is defined under APA 87-1, sections 3.1.1 and 3.5;
(24) "Special effects" means a combination of chemical elements or chemical compounds capable of burning independently of the oxygen of the atmosphere and designed and intended to produce an audible, visual, mechanical, or thermal effect as an integral part of a motion picture, radio, television, theatrical, or opera production or live entertainment;
(25) “Temporary facility” means that term as defined in NFPA 1124;
(26) "Toy caps" means that term as defined under APA 87-1, section 3.3; and
(27) "Wholesaler" means any person who sells consumer fireworks to a retailer or any other person for resale and any person who sells articles of pyrotechnics, display fireworks, and special effects to a person licensed to possess and use those devices.
§29-3E-3. Production or transportation of fireworks.
A person may produce or transport a firework that is a new explosive and that is either a division 1.3 explosive or division 1.4 explosive if the person first meets the requirements of 49 C.F.R. §173.56(2)(j) (2014).
§29-3E-4. Sparkling devices and novelties registration required.
(a) A person may not sell sparkling devices or novelties without being registered with the State Fire Marshal.
(b) To be registered with the Fire Marshal, the retailer shall:
(1) Submit an application to the Fire Marshal;
(2) Provide a copy of his or her current business registration certificate or his or her certificate to sell sparklers and novelties issued by the State Tax Commission;
(3) Pay the required fee; and
(4) Provide other information as the Fire Marshal may require by legislative rule.
(c) A registration is valid for the calendar year or any fraction thereof and expires on December 31 of each year.
(d) A registration is not transferable.
(e) A person shall post the registration in a conspicuous place at the location of the business.
(f) A separate registration is required for each location.
(g) The fee required in subdivision (3), subsection (b) of this section shall be $100.00 per retail location.
(h) The fee assessed by this section shall be retained by the Fire Marshal and expended to offset costs incurred in performing the duties imposed by the provisions of this code.
(i) The requirements of NFPA 1124 do not apply to a person only selling sparkling devices, novelties or toy caps.
§29-3E-5. Consumer fireworks certificate required.
(a) A retailer may not sell consumer fireworks unless the retailer is certified under this article.
(b) To be certified to sell consumer fireworks a retailer shall:
(1) Submit an application to the Fire Marshal;
(2) Provide a copy of his or her current business registration certificate;
(3) Pay the required fee;
(4) Provide proof that the retailer maintains at all times public liability and product liability insurance with minimum coverage limits of $1 million dollars to cover losses, damages or injuries that might result of the license selling consumer fireworks.
(5) Provide other information as the Fire Marshal may require by legislative rule.
(c) A consumer fireworks certificate is valid through December 31 of each year or any fraction thereof.
(d) A consumer fireworks certificate is not transferable.
(e) A retailer shall post the certificate in a conspicuous place at the location of the business.
(f) A separate certificate is required for each location of the business.
(g) A certificate holder may also sell sparkling devices and novelties at the same location without additionally obtaining a sparkling devices and novelties registration.
(h) A retailer who sells consumer fireworks shall comply with the regulations provided in NFPA 1124. The State Fire Marshal may, by legislative rule, add to the regulations established in NFPA 1124.
(k) Consumer fireworks may only be offered for sale at the following locations:
(1) In temporary facilities located on parking lots of licensed retail stores which offer general merchandise for sale and said stores are occupied; and
(2) In permanent structures occupied and operated as licensed retail stores or as a consumer fireworks retail sales facility: Provided, That facilities referenced in this subdivision meet the requirements for such structures set forth in NFPA 1124.
§29-3E-6. Required permit for public fireworks display.
(a) A municipality, county, fair association, amusement park, and other organizations shall have a permit to present a supervised display of fireworks from the Fire Marshall.
(b) To receive a permit, a municipality, fair association, amusement park, and other organizations shall:
(1) Submit an application to the Fire Marshal;
(2) Pay the required fee;
(3) Furnish proof of financial responsibility to satisfy claims for damages to property or personal injuries arising out of any act or omission on the part of the person or an employee thereof, in the amount, character and form as the Fire Marshal determines to be necessary for the protection of the public; and
(4) Provide any other information as the Fire Marshal may require by legislative rule.
(c) The Fire Marshal may require approval of the local police and fire authorities of the community where the display is proposed to be held.
(d) A permit is not transferable.
(e) The display shall be handled by a competent operator licensed or certified as to competency by the Fire Marshal and shall be of such composition, character, and so located, discharged or fired so as to be safe in the opinion of the chief of the fire department serving the community or area where such display is to be held.
(f) The permittee shall require a bond from the licensee in a sum not less than $1,000 conditioned on compliance with the provisions of this article and the rules of the Fire Marshal except where the licensee is an insured government entity.
§29-3E-7. Fireworks safety fee; administration, tax crimes, collections, remittances, deposits, distributions, rules.
(a) In addition to the sales tax, a fireworks safety fee of ten percent of all sales is levied on retail sales of consumer fireworks in this state. The fee shall be distributed pursuant to the provisions of this section. The fee computation under this section shall be carried to the third decimal place, and the fee rounded up to the next whole cent whenever the third decimal place is greater than four, and rounded down to the lower whole cent whenever the third decimal place is four or less.
(b) A person who purchases consumer fireworks in a retail transaction shall pay to the retailer the amount of the fee levied by this section, which fee is added to and constitutes a part of the sale price, and is collectible by the retailer who shall account to the state for all fees paid by a purchaser. If the retailer fails to collect the fee, or fails to account to the state for the fees paid by a purchaser, then the retailer is personally liable for the payment of the fee to the state.
(c) A retailer shall remit the to the State Tax Commissioner no later than twenty days after the end of each preceding month all monies collected for such preceding month, pursuant to the requirements of this section, and shall report such collections on forms and in the manner prescribed by the State Tax Commissioner.
(d) All monies so remitted, net of refunds and adjustments, shall be paid by the Tax Commissioner into the State General Fund, and the amount thereof shall be distributed and paid quarterly, by the Treasurer, into the funds and to the distributees specified in this subsection.
One hundred percent of fireworks safety fee moneys, net of refunds and adjustments shall be deposited in the West Virginia Veterans Program Fund, established in section eleven-b, article one, chapter nine-a of this code, for expenditure pursuant to the provisions of that section.
(e) Each and every provision of the West Virginia Tax Procedure and Administration Act set forth in article ten, chapter eleven of this code, applies to the fees imposed pursuant to this article, with like effect as if that act were applicable only to the fees imposed by this article and were set forth in extenso in this article.
(f) Each and every provision of the West Virginia Tax Procedure and Administration Act set forth in article ten, chapter eleven of this code, applies to the fees imposed pursuant to this article, with like effect as if that act were applicable only to the fees imposed by this article and were set forth in extenso in this article.
(g) Each and every provision of the West Virginia Tax Crimes and Penalties Act set forth in article nine, chapter eleven of this code, applies to the fees imposed pursuant to this article, with like effect as if that act were applicable only to the fees imposed by this article and were set forth in extenso in this article.
(h) The State Tax Commissioner may make all necessary rules and regulations for the fees to which this article applies as provided in the State Administrative Procedures Act in chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.
(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, the State Tax Commissioner may deduct and retain one percent from each payment into the General Fund, as provided in this section, for the benefit of his or her office for general tax administration, from which expenditures are permitted from collections without appropriation by the Legislature.
§29-3E-8. Rule-making Authority.
(a) The Fire Marshal may propose emergency rules and shall promulgate legislative rules for promulgation, in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to implement the provisions of this article, including:
(1) Adopting by reference the most recent edition of APA Standard 87-1;
(2) Adopting by reference the most recent edition of NFPA 1123, code for fireworks display;
(3) Adopting by reference NFPA 1124, code for the manufacture, transportation, storage and retail sales of fireworks and pyrotechnic articles;
(4) Adopting by reference the most recent edition of NFPA 1126, standard for the use of pyrotechnics before a proximate audience, as promulgated by the State Fire Commission;
(5) Procedures for the issuance and renewal of a registration, certificate and permit;
(6) A fee schedule;
(7) Establishing insurance or bond requirements;
(8) Establishing additional criteria for the granting of a registration, certificate, or permit under this article; and
(9) Registration of manufacturers, wholesalers and distributors.
§29-3E-9. Exemptions from article.
This article does not prohibit any of the following:
(1) The use of fireworks by railroads or other transportation agencies for signal purposes or illumination;
(2) The use of agricultural and wildlife fireworks;
(3) The sale or use of blank cartridges for a theatrical performance, use by military organizations or signal or ceremonial purposes in athletics or sports; or
(4) The possession, sale, or disposal of fireworks incidental to the public display of fireworks by wholesalers or other persons who have a permit to possess, store, and sell explosives from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives of the United States Department of Justice and the Fire Marshal.
§29-3E-10. Local municipalities’ regulation of consumer fireworks.
This article does not affect the right of the governing body of a municipality to prohibit the use of consumer fireworks within its boundaries.
§29-3E-11. Violations of this article.
(a) A person may not intentionally ignite, discharge or use consumer fireworks or sparkling devices on public property or private property without the express permission of the owner to do so.
(b) A person may not intentionally ignite or discharge any consumer fireworks or sparkling devices within or throw the same from a motor vehicle or building.
(c) A person may not intentionally ignite or discharge any consumer fireworks or sparkling devices into or at a motor vehicle or building, or at any person or group of people.
(d) A person may not intentionally ignite or discharge any consumer fireworks or sparkling devices while the person:
(1) Is under the influence of alcohol;
(2) Is under the influence of any controlled substance;
(3) Is under the influence of any other drug;
(4) Is under the combined influence of alcohol and any controlled substance or any other drug; or
(5) Has an alcohol concentration in his or her blood of eight hundredths of one percent or more by weight.
(e) A person who is less than eighteen years of age may not purchase, nor offer for sale, consumer fireworks: Provided, That a person sixteen years of age or older may purchase and offer for sale sparkling devices and novelties.
§29-3E-12. Criminal penalties.
Any person who violates this article or any rules promulgated pursuant to section eight of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500.
§29-3E-13. Seizures by the Fire Marshal; enforcement of law.
(a) The Fire Marshal shall seize, take, remove and dispose of at public auction or destroy, or cause to be seized, taken or removed and disposed of at public auction, or destroyed at the expense of the owner, all stocks of fireworks or combustibles offered or exposed for sale, stored or held in violation of this article or legislative rule.
(b) The West Virginia State Police, sheriffs, municipal police officers and other law-enforcement officers shall assist in the enforcement of this article.
CHAPTER 61. CRIMES AND THEIR PUNISHMENT.
ARTICLE 3E. OFFENSES INVOLVING EXPLOSIVES.
As used in this article, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) "Destructive device" means any bomb, grenade, mine, rocket, missile, pipebomb or similar device containing an explosive, incendiary, explosive gas or expanding gas which is designed or so constructed as to explode by such filler and is capable of causing bodily harm or property damage; any combination of parts, either designed or intended for use in converting any device into a destructive device and from which a destructive device may be readily assembled.
"Destructive device" does not include a firearm as such is defined in section two, article seven of this chapter, sparkling devices, novelties, toy caps, model rockets and their components twenty-three, article three, chapter twenty-nine of this code or fireworks as these terms are defined in section two, article three-e, chapter twenty-nine of this code, or high power rockets and their components, as defined in this section.
(b) "Explosive material" means any chemical compound, mechanical mixture or device that is commonly used or can be used for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packaging that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, by detonator or by any part of the compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases. These materials include, but are not limited to, powders for blasting, high or low explosives, blasting materials, blasting agents, blasting emulsions, blasting fuses other than electric circuit breakers, detonators, blasting caps and other detonating agents and black or smokeless powders not manufactured or used for lawful sporting purposes. or fireworks defined in section twenty-three, article three, chapter twenty-nine of this code which are not used in violation of this article. Also included are all explosive materials listed annually by the office of the State Fire Marshal and published in the State Register, said publication being hereby mandated.
(c) "High power rocket" means the term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1127, "Code for High Power Rocketry."
(c) (d) "Hoax bomb" means any device or object that by its design, construction, content or characteristics appears to be, or is represented to be or to contain a destructive device, explosive material or incendiary device as defined in this section, but is, in fact, an inoperative facsimile or imitation of such a destructive device, explosive material or incendiary device.
(d) (e) "Incendiary device" means a container containing gasoline, kerosene, fuel oil, or derivative thereof, or other flammable or combustible material, having a wick or other substance or device which, if set or ignited, is capable of igniting such gasoline, kerosene, fuel oil, or derivative thereof, or other flammable or combustible material: Provided, That no similar device commercially manufactured and used solely for the purpose of illumination shall be deemed to be an incendiary device.
(e) (f) "Legal authority" means that right as expressly stated by statute or law.
(g) "Model rocket" means the term as defined in National Fire Protection Association Standard 1122, "Code for Model Rocketry."
(f) (h) "Person" shall mean means an individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society or joint stock company.
(g) (i) "Storage magazine" is defined to mean any building or structure, other than an explosives manufacturing building, approved by the legal authority for the storage of explosive materials.
(a) Unless specifically prohibited by any provision of this code or the laws of the United States, nothing in this article shall prohibit prohibits the authorized manufacture, sale, transportation, distribution, use or possession of any explosive material by any person holding a permit for such issued by the office of the State Fire Marshal. Any person performing a lawful activity pursuant to or regulated by the terms of a permit issued by the Division of Environmental Protection, or any office thereof, shall be is exempt from the provisions of this article.
(b) Unless specifically prohibited by any other provision of this code or the laws of the United States, nothing in this section shall prohibit prohibits the authorized manufacture, transportation, distribution, use or possession of any explosive, destructive device or incendiary device by a member of the Armed Forces or law-enforcement officers whenever such persons are acting lawfully and in the line of duty; nor shall it prohibit the manufacture, transportation, distribution, use or possession of any explosive material, destructive device or incendiary device to be used solely for lawful scientific research or lawful educational purposes. Any person engaged in otherwise lawful blasting activities failing to obtain a permit or in possession of an expired permit issued by the office of the State Fire Marshal shall not be construed to be is not in violation of the article.
(c) Nothing contained in this article applies to sparkling devices or novelties or to the sale, purchase, possession, use, transportation or storage of fireworks as regulated in article three-e, chapter twenty-nine of this code.