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Chapter 18     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. DEFINITIONS; LIMITATIONS OF CHAPTER; GOALS FOREDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2. STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2A. ADOPTION OF TEXTBOOKS, INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES.

ARTICLE 2B. AREA VOCATIONAL PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2D. COMMUNITY EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 2E. HIGH QUALITY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS.

ARTICLE 2F. INCENTIVES AND RESULTS BASED SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2G. SCHOOL LIBRARY MEDIA IMPROVEMENT GRANT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 2H. PUBLIC NOTICE AND PARTICIPATION IN STATE-MANDATED EDUCATIONAL REFORM.

ARTICLE 2I. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 2J. PUBLIC AND HIGHER EDUCATION UNIFIED EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC PLAN.

ARTICLE 2K. THE DIABETES CARE PLAN ACT.

ARTICLE 3. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.

ARTICLE 4. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.

ARTICLE 5. COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 5A. LOCAL SCHOOL INVOLVEMENT.

ARTICLE 5B. SCHOOL INNOVATION ZONES ACT.

ARTICLE 5C. COMMITTEE REORGANIZATION AND COLLABORATIVE TEAM WAIVERS.

ARTICLE 5D. WEST VIRGINIA FEED TO ACHIEVE ACT.

ARTICLE 5E. INNOVATION IN EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 5F. ACCESSIBILITY AND EQUITY IN PUBLIC EDUCATION ENHANCEMENT ACT.

ARTICLE 6. DRIVER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 7. ADULT LITERACY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 7A. STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7B. TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7C. MERGER OF TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM WITH STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 7D. VOLUNTARY TRANSFER FROM TEACHERS\' DEFINED CONTRIBUTION RETIREMENT SYSTEM TO STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 8. COMPULSORY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE.

ARTICLE 8A. ATTENDANCE OF HOMELESS CHILDREN.

ARTICLE 9. SCHOOL FINANCES.

ARTICLE 9A. PUBLIC SCHOOL SUPPORT.

ARTICLE 9B. STATE BOARD OF SCHOOL FINANCE.

ARTICLE 9C. STATE AID FOR CONSTRUCTION, RENOVATION AND REMODELING OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND EQUIPPING OF THE SAME.

ARTICLE 9D. SCHOOL BUILDING AUTHORITY.

ARTICLE 9E. AIR QUALITY IN NEW SCHOOLS ACT.

ARTICLE 9F. SCHOOL ACCESS SAFETY ACT.

ARTICLE 10. FEDERAL AID AND GIFTS FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

ARTICLE 10A. REHABILITATION SERVICES.

ARTICLE 10B. VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 10C. THE SOUTHERN REGIONAL EDUCATION COMPACT.

ARTICLE 10D. COMPACT FOR EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 10E. INTERSTATE COMPACT ON QUALIFICATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL PERSONNEL.

ARTICLE 10F. DISABLED PERSONS AND PUBLIC USE BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 10G. PROVIDING OF FOOD SERVICE IN PUBLIC OFFICE BUILDINGS BY THE WEST VIRGINIA DIVISION OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION.

ARTICLE 10H. ALBERT YANNI PROGRAMS OF EXCELLENCE IN VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 10I. WEST VIRGINIA SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 10J. BLIND PERSONS\' LITERACY RIGHTS AND EDUCATION ACT.

ARTICLE 10K. WEST VIRGINIA TRAUMATIC BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD INJURY REHABILITATION FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 10L. RON YOST PERSONAL ASSISTANCE SERVICES ACT.

ARTICLE 10M. WEST VIRGINIA INDEPENDENT LIVING ACT.

ARTICLE 10N. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCESS FOR THE BLIND AND VISUALLY IMPAIRED.

ARTICLE 10O. DISABILITY HISTORY WEEK.

ARTICLE 11. WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY.

ARTICLE 11A. REVENUE BONDS FOR UNIVERSITY CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.

ARTICLE 11B. REVENUE BONDS FOR UNIVERSITY FACILITIES, BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES.

ARTICLE 11C. WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL AND WEST VIRGINIA HEALTH SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 11D. REVENUE BONDS FOR WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 11E. REVENUE BONDS FOR MARSHALL UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC FACILITIES.

ARTICLE 12. STATE TEACHERS\' COLLEGES.

ARTICLE 12A. REVENUE BONDS FOR MARSHALL UNIVERSITY CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.

ARTICLE 12B. REVENUE BONDS FOR STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION -- CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS ON SYSTEM BASIS.

ARTICLE 13. WEST VIRGINIA EDGE.

ARTICLE 14. BLUEFIELD STATE COLLEGE.

ARTICLE 15. WEST VIRGINIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

ARTICLE 16. ANTIHAZING LAW.

ARTICLE 17. WEST VIRGINIA SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF AND THE BLIND.

ARTICLE 18. WEST VIRGINIA SCHOOL FOR THE COLORED DEAF AND BLIND.

ARTICLE 19. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHILDREN OF DECEASED SOLDIERS, SAILORS, MARINES AND AIRMEN.

ARTICLE 20. EDUCATION OF EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN.

ARTICLE 21. SPECIAL COMMUNITY-BASED PILOT DEMONSTRATION PROJECT TO IMPROVE OUTCOMES FOR AT-RISK YOUTH.

ARTICLE 22. HIGHER EDUCATION FULL-TIME FACULTY SALARIES.

ARTICLE 22A. EMINENT SCHOLARS ENDOWMENT TRUST FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 22B. STATE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 22C. STATE AID FOR STUDENTS ATTENDING GREENBRIER COLLEGE OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE.

ARTICLE 22D. HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 22E. DISTINGUISHED PROFESSORS ENDOWMENT TRUST FUND ACT.

ARTICLE 23. ADDITIONAL POWERS, DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 24. FEES AND OTHER MONEY COLLECTED AT STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 25. TAX DEFERRED INVESTMENTS FOR TEACHERS AND OTHER EMPLOYEES.

ARTICLE 26. WEST VIRGINIA BOARD OF REGENTS.

ARTICLE 26A. STATE AUTISM TRAINING CENTER.

ARTICLE 26B. CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE SALARY SCHEDULE AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.

ARTICLE 26C. INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

ARTICLE 26D. INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT.

ARTICLE 27. WEST VIRGINIA EDUCATION LOAN BOND PROGRAM.

ARTICLE 28. PRIVATE, PAROCHIAL OR CHURCH SCHOOLS, OR SCHOOLS OF A RELIGIOUS ORDER.

ARTICLE 29. GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE.

ARTICLE 30. WEST VIRGINIA COLLEGE PREPAID TUITION AND SAVINGS PROGRAM ACT.

ARTICLE 31. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS FOR STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

ARTICLE 32. SEVERABILITY.

ARTICLE 2C. HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION OR BULLYING PROHIBITION.

§18-2C-1. Legislative findings.

The Legislature finds that a safe and civil environment in school is necessary for students to learn and achieve high academic standards. The Legislature finds that harassment, intimidation or bullying, like other disruptive or violent behavior, is conduct that disrupts both a student's ability to learn and a school's ability to educate its students in a safe, nonthreatening environment.

The Legislature further finds that students learn by example. The Legislature charges school administrators, faculty, staff and volunteers with demonstrating appropriate behavior, treating others with civility and respect, and refusing to tolerate harassment, intimidation or bullying.

§18-2C-2. Definitions.

(a) As used in this article, "harassment, intimidation or bullying" means any intentional gesture, or any intentional electronic, written, verbal or physical act, communication, transmission or threat that:

(1) A reasonable person under the circumstances should know will have the effect of any one or more of the following:

(A) Physically harming a student;

(B) Damaging a student's property;

(C) Placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to his or her person; or

(D) Placing a student in reasonable fear of damage to his or her property;

(2) Is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that it creates an intimidating, threatening or emotionally abusive educational environment for a student; or

(3) Disrupts or interferes with the orderly operation of the school.

(b) As used in this article, an electronic act, communication, transmission or threat includes but is not limited to one which is administered via telephone, wireless phone, computer, pager or any electronic or wireless device whatsoever, and includes but is not limited to transmission of any image or voice, email or text message using any such device.

§18-2C-3. Policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying.

(a) Each county board shall establish a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying. Each county board has control over the content of its policy as long as the policy contains, at a minimum, the requirements of subdivision (b) of this section. The policy shall be adopted through a process that includes representation of parents or guardians, school employees, school volunteers, students and community members.

(b) Each county board policy shall, at a minimum, include the following components:

(1) A statement prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying of any student on school property, a school bus, at a school bus stop or at school sponsored events;

(2) A definition of harassment, intimidation or bullying no less inclusive than that in section two of this article;

(3) A procedure for reporting prohibited incidents;

(4) A requirement that school personnel report prohibited incidents of which they are aware;

(5) A requirement that parents or guardians of any student involved in an incident prohibited pursuant to this article be notified;

(6) A procedure for documenting any prohibited incident that is reported;

(7) A procedure for responding to and investigating any reported incident;

(8) A strategy for protecting a victim from additional harassment, intimidation or bullying, and from retaliation following a report;

(9) A disciplinary procedure for any student guilty of harassment, intimidation or bullying;

(10) A requirement that any information relating to a reported incident is confidential, and exempt from disclosure under the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-b of this code; and

(11) A requirement that each county board shall input into the uniform integrated regional computer information system (commonly known as the West Virginia Education Information System) described in section twenty-six, article two of this chapter, and compile an annual report regarding the means of harassment, intimidation or bullying that have been reported to them, and the reasons therefor, if known. The West Virginia Department of Education shall compile the information and report it annually beginning July 1, 2012, to the Legislative Oversight Committee on Education Accountability.

(c) Each county board shall adopt the policy and submit a copy to the State Superintendent of Schools by December 1, 2011.

(d) To assist county boards in developing their policies, the West Virginia Department of Education shall develop a model policy applicable to grades kindergarten through twelfth. The model policy shall be issued by September 1, 2011.

(e) Notice of the county board's policy shall appear in any student handbook, and in any county board publication that sets forth the comprehensive rules, procedures and standards of conduct for the school.

§18-2C-4. Immunity.

A school employee, student or volunteer is individually immune from a cause of action for damages arising from reporting said incident, if that person:

(1) In good faith promptly reports an incident of harassment, intimidation or bullying;

(2) Makes the report to the appropriate school official as designated by policy; and

(3) Makes the report in compliance with the procedures as specified in policy.

§18-2C-5. Policy training and education.

(a) Schools and county boards are encouraged, but not required, to form bullying prevention task forces, programs and other initiatives involving school staff, students, teachers, administrators, volunteers, parents, law enforcement and community members.

(b) To the extent state or federal funds are appropriated for these purposes, each school district shall:

(1) Provide training on the harassment, intimidation or bullying policy to school employees and volunteers who have direct contact with students; and

(2) Develop a process for educating students on the harassment, intimidation or bullying policy.

(c) Information regarding the county board policy against harassment, intimidation or bullying shall be incorporated into each school's current employee training program.

§18-2C-6. Liability.

Except as provided in section four of this article, nothing in this article prohibits a victim from seeking redress under any other provision of civil or criminal law.

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