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Chapter 17 C     Entire Code


ARTICLE 1. WORDS AND PHRASES DEFINED.

ARTICLE 2. OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS.

ARTICLE 3. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS AND MARKINGS.

ARTICLE 4. ACCIDENTS.

ARTICLE 5. SERIOUS TRAFFIC OFFENSES.

ARTICLE 5A. ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES FOR SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION OF LICENSES FOR DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL, CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES OR DRUGS.

ARTICLE 5B. POSTMORTEM TESTS FOR ALCOHOL IN PERSONS KILLED IN MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS.

ARTICLE 5C. OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS.

ARTICLE 5D. OPEN CONTAINER LAWS.

ARTICLE 6. SPEED RESTRICTIONS.

ARTICLE 7. DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY, OVERTAKING AND PASSING, ETC.

ARTICLE 9. RIGHT-OF-WAY.

ARTICLE 10. PEDESTRIANS\' RIGHTS AND DUTIES.

ARTICLE 10A. OPERATION OF ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICES.

ARTICLE 11. OPERATION OF BICYCLES AND PLAY VEHICLES.

ARTICLE 11A. CHILD BICYCLE SAFETY ACT.

ARTICLE 12. SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED.

ARTICLE 13. STOPPING, STANDING AND PARKING.

ARTICLE 13A. DIESEL-POWERED MOTOR VEHICLE IDLING ACT.

ARTICLE 14. MISCELLANEOUS RULES.

ARTICLE 15. EQUIPMENT.

ARTICLE 16. INSPECTION OF VEHICLES.

ARTICLE 17. SIZE, WEIGHT AND LOAD.

ARTICLE 17A. REGULATION OF THE COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTATION OF COAL.

ARTICLE 17B. TRANSFER OF CERTAIN JURISDICTION AND EMPLOYEES TO PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION.

ARTICLE 18. PENALTIES.

ARTICLE 19. PARTIES, PROCEDURE UPON ARREST AND REPORTS IN CRIMINAL CASES.

ARTICLE 20. WEST VIRGINIA TURNPIKE COMMISSION.

ARTICLE 21. EFFECT OF CHAPTER.

ARTICLE 22. RIDESHARING.

ARTICLE 23. FUNERAL PROCESSIONS.

ARTICLE 8. TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING.

§17C-8-1. Required position and method of turning at intersections.

The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as provided in this article.

§17C-8-2. Right turns; penalty.

(a) Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.

(b) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100; upon a second conviction within one year thereafter, shall be fined not more than $200; and upon a third or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not more than $500.

§17C-8-3. Left turns on two-way roadways; penalty.

(a) At any intersection where traffic is permitted to move in both directions on each roadway entering the intersection, an approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of such center line where it enters the intersection and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection to the right of the center line of the roadway being entered. Whenever practicable the left turn shall be made in that portion of the intersection to the left of the center of the intersection.

(b) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100; upon a second conviction within one year thereafter, shall be fined not more than $200; and upon a third or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not more than $500.

§17C-8-4. Left turns on other than two-way roadways; penalty.

(a) At any intersection where traffic is restricted to one direction on one or more of the roadways, the driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any such intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection, as nearly as practicable, in the left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in such direction upon the roadway being entered.

(b) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100; upon a second conviction within one year thereafter, shall be fined not more than $200; and upon a third or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not more than $500.

§17C-8-5. Local authorities may specify different course for turns.

Local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may cause markers, buttons, or signs to be placed within or adjacent to intersections and thereby require and direct that a different course from that specified in this article be traveled by vehicles turning at an intersection, and when markers, buttons or signs are so placed no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other than as directed and required by such markers, buttons, or signs.

§17C-8-6. Turning on curve or crest of grade prohibited; penalty.

(a) No vehicle shall be turned so as to proceed in the opposite direction upon any curve, or upon the approach to, or near the crest of a grade, where such vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of any other vehicle approaching from either direction within five hundred feet.

(b) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100; upon a second conviction within one year thereafter, shall be fined not more than $200; and upon a third or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not more than $500.

§17C-8-7. Starting parked, etc., vehicle.

No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.

§17C-8-8. Turning movements and required signals; penalty.

(a) No person shall turn a vehicle at an intersection unless the vehicle is in proper position upon the roadway as required in sections two, three, four or five of this article, or turn a vehicle to enter a private road or driveway or otherwise turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. No person shall so turn any vehicle without giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided in the event any other traffic may be affected by such movement.

(b) A signal of intention to turn right or left when required shall be given continuously during not less than the last one hundred feet traveled by the vehicle before turning.

(c) No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such signal.

(d) Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100; upon a second conviction within one year thereafter, shall be fined not more than $200; and upon a third or subsequent conviction, shall be fined not more than $500.

§17C-8-9. Signals to be given by hand and arm or signal device.

Any stop or turn signal when required herein shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by a signal lamp or lamps or mechanical signal device, but when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that hand-and-arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle then said signals must be given by such a lamp or lamps or signal device.

§17C-8-10. Method of giving hand-and-arm signals.

All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner and such signals shall indicate as follows:

 (1) Left turn. -- Hand and arm extended horizontally.

 (2) Right turn. -- Hand and arm extended upward.

 (3) Stop or decrease speed. -- Hand and arm extended downward.

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