WEST virginia legislature
2019 regular session
House Bill 2638
By Delegate Paynter, Dean, Maynard, Cooper, Rohrbach, Campbell, Lavender-Bowe, Waxman, Graves, Thompson, R. and Cowles
[Introduced January 24, 2019; Referred
to the Committee on Technology and Infrastructure then the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend and reenact §17C-12-7 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to increasing the penalties for overtaking and passing a school bus.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 12. SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED.
§17C-12-7. Overtaking and passing school bus; penalties; signs and warning lights upon buses; requirements for sale of buses; mounting of cameras; educational information campaign; limitation on idling.
(a) The driver of a vehicle, upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children, shall stop the vehicle before reaching the school bus when there is in operation on the school bus flashing warning signal lights, as referred to in §17C-12-8 of this code, and the driver may not proceed until the school bus resumes motion, or is signaled by the school bus driver to proceed or the visual signals are no longer actuated. This section applies wherever the school bus is receiving or discharging children including, but not limited to, any street, highway, parking lot, private road or driveway: Provided, That the driver of a vehicle upon a controlled access highway need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus which is on a different roadway or adjacent to the highway and where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.
(b) Any driver acting in violation of subsection (a) of
this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction for a first
offense, shall be fined not less than
$250 $500 or more than $500
$1,000, or confined in jail not more than six months, or both fined
and confined. Upon conviction of a second violation of subsection (a), the
driver shall be fined not less than $500 $1,000 nor more than $1,000
$2,000, or confined in jail not more than six months, or both fined and
confined. Upon conviction of a third or subsequent violation of subsection (a),
the driver shall be fined $1,000 $2,000, and confined not less
than 48 hours in jail but not more than six months.
(c) Where the actual identity of the operator of a motor vehicle operated in violation of subsection (a) of this section is unknown but the license plate number of the motor vehicle is known, it may be inferred that the operator was an owner or lessee of the motor vehicle for purposes of the probable cause determination. Where there is more than one registered owner or lessee, the inference created by this subsection shall apply to the first listed owner or lessee as found on the motor vehicle registration: Provided, That a person charged with a violation of subsection (a) of this section under the provisions of this subsection where the sole evidence against the owner or lessee is the presence of the vehicle at the scene at the time of the offense shall only be subject to the applicable fine set forth in subsection (b) of this section upon conviction: Provided, however, That, the offenses set forth in subsection (f) and (g) of this section are separate and distinct from that set forth in subsection (a) of this section.
(d) Service of process of a complaint issued pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall be effected consistent with West Virginia Rule of Criminal Procedure 4.
(e) In addition to the penalties prescribed in
subsection (b) of this section, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles
shall, upon conviction, suspend the driver’s license of the person so
(1) Of a first offense under subsection (b) of this
section, for a period of
thirty 60 days;
(2) Of a second offense under subsection (b) of this
section, for a period of
ninety 90 days; or
(3) Of a third or subsequent offense under subsection (b)
of this section, for a period of
one hundred eighty days one year.
(f) Any driver of a vehicle who willfully violates the
provisions of subsection (a) of this section and the violation causes serious
bodily injury to any person other than the driver, is guilty of a felony and,
upon conviction, shall be confined in a state correctional facility not less
than one year nor more than three years and fined not less than
nor more than $2,000 $4,000.
(g) Any driver of a vehicle who willfully violates the
provisions of subsection (a) of this section, and the violation causes death,
is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be confined in a state
correctional facility not less than one year nor more than 10 years and fined
not less than
$1,000 $2,000 nor more than $3,000 $6,000.
(h) Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear of the bus a plainly visible sign containing the words “school bus” in letters not less than eight inches in height. When a contract school bus is being operated upon a highway for purposes other than the actual transportation of children either to or from school, all markings on the contract school bus indicating “school bus” shall be covered or concealed. Any school bus sold or transferred to another owner by a county board of education, agency or individual shall have all flashing warning lights disconnected and all lettering removed or permanently obscured, except when sold or transferred for the transportation of school children.
(i) Every county board of education is hereby authorized to mount a camera on any school bus for the purpose of enforcing this section or for any other lawful purpose.
(j) To the extent that state, federal or other funds are available, the State Police shall conduct an information campaign to educate drivers concerning the provisions of this section and the importance of school bus safety.
(k) The State Board of Education shall promulgate a rule
in accordance with
the provisions §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code
governing the idling of school buses.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to increase the penalties for overtaking and passing a school bus.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.