WEST virginia legislature
2018 regular session
Senate Bill 285
By Senators Karnes and Boso
[Originating in the Committee on Natural Resources; reported on January 25, 2018]
A BILL to amend and reenact §20-7-1 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; to amend said code by adding thereto a new article, designated §20-14A-1, §20-14A-2, §20-14A-3, §20-14A-4, §20-14A-5, §20-14A-6, §20-14A-7, §20-14A-8, §20-14A-9, §20-14A-10, and §20-14A-11; and to amend and reenact §20-15-1, §20-15-2, §20-15-3, §20-15-4, and §20-15-5 of said code, all relating to establishing regional recreation authorities and areas; providing for reimbursement by authority for natural resources police officers; modifying the amount and timing of subsistence payments to natural resource police officers; setting forth findings and definitions; providing for creation of regional recreation authorities as joint development entities formed by a prescribed number of contiguous counties; providing for establishment of new trail systems for off-highway recreational vehicle use; providing for board to govern regional recreation authorities; providing for the appointment and terms of board members; providing for quorum, executive director, and expenses of board; providing for financial review and oversight of regional recreation authorities; establishing powers and duties of regional recreation authority boards; establishing powers of regional recreation authorities; prohibiting certain conduct in regional recreation areas; providing civil and criminal penalties; limiting liability of certain landowners; establishing requirements for bidding and purchasing; prohibiting contracts that pose conflicts of interests; providing civil remedies for unlawful purchasing contracts; incorporating references to new code sections and regional recreation authorities and areas into the ATV Responsibility Act; and eliminating certain definitions from the ATV Responsibility Act.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 7. LAW ENFORCEMENT, MOTORBOATING, LITTER.
§20-7-1. Chief natural resources police officer; natural resources police officers; special and emergency natural resources police officers; subsistence allowance; expenses.
(a) The division’s law-enforcement policies, practices, and programs are under the immediate supervision and direction of the division law-enforcement officer selected by the director and designated as chief natural resources police officer as provided in §20-1-13 of this code.
(b) Under the supervision of the director, the chief natural resources police officer shall organize, develop, and maintain law-enforcement practices, means, and methods geared, timed, and adjustable to seasonal, emergency, and other needs and requirements of the division’s comprehensive natural resources program. All division personnel detailed and assigned to law-enforcement duties and services under this section shall be known and designated as natural resources police officers and are under the immediate supervision and direction of the chief natural resources police officer except as otherwise provided. All natural resources police officers shall be trained, equipped, and conditioned for duty and services wherever and whenever required by division law-enforcement needs. The chief natural resources police officer may also assign natural resources police officers to perform law-enforcement duties on any trail, grounds, appurtenant facility, or other areas accessible to the public within the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area or other regional recreation areas, under agreement that the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority or other regional recreation authorities, created pursuant to §20-7-14 et seq. and §20-14A-1 et seq. of this code, shall reimburse the division for salaries paid to the officers and shall either pay directly or reimburse the division for all other expenses of the officers in accordance with actual or estimated costs determined by the chief natural resources police officer.
(c) The chief natural resources police officer, acting under supervision of the director, is authorized to select and appoint emergency natural resources police officers for a limited period for effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter when considered necessary because of emergency or other unusual circumstances. The emergency natural resources police officers shall be selected from qualified civil service personnel of the division, except in emergency situations and circumstances when the director may designate officers, without regard to civil service requirements and qualifications, to meet law-enforcement needs. Emergency natural resources police officers shall exercise all powers and duties prescribed in §20-7-4 of this code for full-time salaried natural resources police officers except for the provisions of §20-7-4(b)(8) of this code.
(d) The chief natural resources police officer, acting under supervision of the director, is also authorized to select and appoint as special natural resources police officers any full-time civil service employee who is assigned to, and has direct responsibility for management of, an area owned, leased or under the control of the division and who has satisfactorily completed a course of training established and administered by the chief natural resources police officer, when the action is considered necessary because of law-enforcement needs. The powers and duties of a special natural resources police officer, appointed under this provision, is the same within his or her assigned area as prescribed for full-time salaried natural resources police officers. The jurisdiction of the person appointed as a special natural resources police officer, under this provision, shall be limited to the division area or areas to which he or she is assigned and directly manages.
(e) The Director of the Division of Forestry is authorized to appoint and revoke Division of Forestry special natural resources police officers who are full-time civil service personnel who have satisfactorily completed a course of training as required by the Director of the Division of Forestry. The jurisdiction, powers, and duties of Division of Forestry special natural resources police officers are set forth by the Director of the Division of Forestry pursuant to §20-3-1 et seq., §19-1A-1 et seq. and 19-1B-1 et seq. of this code.
(f) The chief natural resources police officer, with the approval of the director, has the power and authority to revoke any appointment of an emergency natural resources police officer or of a special natural resources police officer at any time.
(g) Natural resources police officers are subject to seasonal or other assignment and detail to duty whenever and wherever required by the functions, services, and needs of the division.
(h) The chief natural resources police officer shall designate the area of primary residence of each natural resources police officer, including himself or herself. Since the area of business activity of the division is actually anywhere within the territorial confines of the State of West Virginia, actual expenses incurred shall be paid whenever the duties are performed outside the area of primary assignment and still within the state.
(i) Natural resources
police officers shall receive, in addition to their base pay salary, a minimum
monthly subsistence allowance for their required telephone service, dry
cleaning or required uniforms, and meal expenses while performing their regular
duties in their area of primary assignment in the amount of $60 per biweekly
pay $130 each month. This subsistence allowance does not apply to
special or emergency natural resources police officers appointed under this
(j) After June 30, 2010, all those full-time law-enforcement officers employed by the Division of Natural Resources as conservation officers shall be titled and known as natural resources police officers. Wherever used in this code the term “conservation officer”, or its plural, means “natural resources police officer”, or its plural, respectively.
(k) Notwithstanding any
provision of this code to the contrary, the provisions of §11-21-12(c)(6) of
this code are inapplicable to pensions of natural resources police officers
paid through the Public Employees Retirement System.
ARTICLE 14A. REGIONAL RECREATION AUTHORITY TRAIL ACT.
§20-14A-1. Legislative findings.
The West Virginia Legislature finds that there is interest within the state for additional well-managed trails and facilities for off-highway recreational vehicle enthusiasts and other recreational users. By empowering multiple contiguous counties to form regional recreation authorities to work with private landowners, county officials, community leaders, state and federal government agencies, recreational user groups, and recreational entrepreneurs, counties may use this act to establish new recreational trail systems and recreation management authorities tailored to the needs of their communities to increase tourism, outdoor recreation, and economic development.
Unless the context clearly requires a different meaning, the terms used in this section have the following meanings:
“Board” means the board of a regional recreation authority;
“Charge” means, for purposes of limiting liability for recreational purposes set forth in this article, the amount of money asked in return for an invitation to enter or go upon the land, including a one-time fee for a particular event, amusement, occurrence, adventure, incident, experience, or occasion as set by the authority. An authority may set charges in differing amounts for different categories of participants, including, but not limited to, in-state and out-of-state participants, as the authority sees fit. Regional recreation authorities may also set a charge for the joint use of three or more regional recreation areas;
“Land” includes, but is not limited to, roads, water, watercourses, private ways, and buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment thereon when attached to the realty;
“Off-highway recreational vehicle”, or the plural, means a vehicle intended for off-highway use and includes all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles, and motorcycles as defined in §20-15-1 et seq. of this code. It may also include full-size automotive vehicles designed for off-highway use, such as a jeep, as determined by the authority;
“Owner” means those vested with title to real estate and those with the ability to exercise control over real estate and includes, but is not limited to, tenant, lessee, licensee, holder of a dominant estate, or other lawful occupant;
“Participant” means any person using the land, trails, and facilities of a regional recreation authority;
“Participating county”, “county”, or the plural, means one of the three or more contiguous counties that have agreed to operate a regional recreation authority as a joint development entity and to participate in its governance and support;
“Recreational purposes” or “recreation” includes, but is not limited to, any one or any combination of the following noncommercial recreational activities: Off-highway recreational vehicle driving, and riding, hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, camping, picnicking, hiking, pleasure driving, motorcycle or motor vehicle driving, and riding, bicycling, horseback riding, nature study, water skiing, winter sports, and visiting, viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites or otherwise using land for purposes of recreation;
“Regional recreation area” or “area” means a system of recreational trails and appurtenant facilities, including trail head centers, parking areas, camping facilities, picnic areas, recreational areas, historic or cultural interpretive sites and other facilities that are a part of the system established by the regional recreation authority for recreational purposes; and
“Regional recreation authority” or “authority” means a regional recreation authority established by three or more counties to create a regional recreation area for recreational purposes.
(a) Subject to the provisions of §20-14A-3(b) and §20-14A-3(c) of this code, a regional recreation authority may be created by three or more contiguous counties and operate as a joint development entity for the purpose of enabling and facilitating the development and operation of a trail system for use by off-highway recreational vehicle enthusiasts, with significant portions of the area being located on private property made available for use through lease, license, easement or other appropriate legal means by willing landowners: Provided, That before July 1, 2023, no more than one regional recreation authority may be created under the provisions of this article unless approved by concurrent resolution of the Legislature: Provided, however, That this first regional recreation area shall consist of no fewer than five counties.
(b) Counties wishing to form a regional recreation authority shall submit an application in a form to be prescribed by the Joint Committee on Government and Finance by November 1 of the year in which the application is submitted.
(c) The County Commissions of all counties wishing to form a regional recreation authority shall pass a resolution in support thereof that must be included with the application provided for in §20-14A-3(b) of this code.
(d) The Joint Committee on Government and Finance shall approve all applications as to form, and shall have the authority to deny applications at its discretion.
(e) Applicants to the Joint Committee on Government and Finance will be approved according to the date the applications are received by the committee, assuming the application is otherwise complete.
(f) The county commission of each participating county in the authority shall appoint two members of the board as follows:
(1) One member who is a county commissioner, or his or her designee. This member shall be appointed to a four-year term; and
(2) One member who is a landowner or who represents travel, tourism, economic development, real estate, resource-extraction, a licensed land surveyor or licensed professional engineer. The initial appointment shall be for a two-year term, but all subsequent appointments shall be for a four-year term.
(g) Any appointed member whose term has expired shall serve until his or her successor has been duly appointed and qualified. Any person appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve only for the unexpired term. Any appointed member is eligible for reappointment. Members of the board are not entitled to compensation for services performed as members but are entitled to reimbursement for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their duties.
(h) A regional recreation authority is a “public body” for purposes of the West Virginia Freedom of Information Act, as provided in §29B-1-1 et seq. of this code.
§20-14A-4. Board; quorum; executive director; expenses.
(a) The board is the governing body of the regional recreation authority and the board shall exercise all the powers given the authority in this article.
(b) The board shall meet quarterly, unless a special meeting is called by its chairman. At the first meeting of each fiscal year beginning in an odd-numbered year, or as soon thereafter as feasible, the board shall elect a chairman, secretary, and treasurer from among its own members.
(c) A majority of the members of the board constitutes a quorum and a quorum shall be present for the board to conduct business.
(d) The board may prescribe, amend, and repeal bylaws and rules governing the manner in which the business of the authority is conducted, and rules governing the use of the trail system and the safety of participants.
(e) The board shall review and approve an annual budget. The fiscal year for the authority is July 1 to June 30 the following year.
(f) The board shall appoint a part-time or full-time executive director to act as its chief executive officer, to serve at the will and pleasure of the board. The board, acting through its executive director, may employ any other personnel considered necessary and may appoint counsel and legal staff for the authority and retain temporary engineering, financial, and other consultants or technicians as may be required for any special study or survey consistent with the provisions of this article. The executive director shall carry out plans to implement the provisions of this article and exercise those powers enumerated in the bylaws. The executive director shall prepare an annual budget to be submitted to the board for its review and approval prior to the commencement of each fiscal year. The budget shall contain a detailed account of all planned and proposed revenue and expenditures for the authority for the upcoming fiscal year, including a detailed list of employees by title, salary, cost of projected benefits, and total compensation. Before August 15 of each year, the executive director shall provide to the board and the county commission for each participating county a detailed list of actual expenditures and revenue by account and recipient name for the previous fiscal year and a copy of the approved budget for the current fiscal year.
(g) All costs incidental to the administration of the authority, including office expenses, personal services’ expense and current expense, shall be paid in accordance with guidelines issued by the board from funds accruing to the authority.
(h) All expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this article shall be payable solely from funds provided under the authority of this article and no liability or obligation may be incurred by the authority under this article beyond the extent to which moneys have been provided under the authority of this article.
§20-14A-5. Financial review and oversight.
(a) The authority shall contract for and obtain an annual financial audit to be conducted by a private accounting firm in compliance with generally accepted government auditing standards. When complete, the audit shall be transmitted to the board and the president of the county commission of each participating county. The cost of the audit shall be paid by the authority.
(b) If the authority receives funds from the Legislature by appropriation or grant, the Legislative Auditor shall have the power and authority to examine the audits, revenues, expenditures, and performance of the regional recreation authority and for these purposes shall have the power to inspect the properties, equipment, facilities of the authority, and to request, inspect, and obtain copies of any records of the authority. For each fiscal year in which the authority receives funds from the Legislature by appropriation or grant, the executive director shall provide to the Legislative Auditor and Secretary of Revenue a detailed list of expenditures and revenue by account and recipient name for the previous fiscal year within 45 days of the close of that fiscal year.
§20-14A-6. Powers of authority.
The authority, as a public corporation and joint development entity, may exercise all powers necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this article, including, but not limited to, the power:
(1) To acquire, own, hold, and dispose of property, real and personal, tangible and intangible;
(2) To lease property, whether as lessee or lessor, and to acquire or grant through easement, license, or other appropriate legal form, the right to develop property and open it to the use of the public;
(3) To mortgage or otherwise grant security interests in its property;
(4) To procure insurance against any losses in connection with its property, licenses, easements, contracts, including hold-harmless agreements, operations or assets in amounts and from insurers as the authority considers desirable;
(5) To maintain sinking funds and reserves as the board determines appropriate for the purposes of meeting future monetary obligations and needs of the authority;
(6) To sue and be sued, and pursue legal remedies and defenses in court;
(7) To contract for the provision of legal services by private counsel and, notwithstanding the provisions of §5-3-1 et seq. of this code, counsel may represent the authority in court, negotiate and prepare contracts and other agreements on behalf of the authority, render advice to the authority on any matter relating to the authority, and provide other legal services as may be requested by the authority;
(8) To adopt, use, and alter at will a corporate seal;
(9) To make, amend, repeal, and adopt bylaws for the management and regulation of its affairs;
(10) To appoint officers, agents, and employees and to contract for and engage the services of consultants;
(11) To make contracts of every kind and nature and to execute all instruments necessary or convenient for carrying on its business, including contracts with any other governmental agency of this state, the federal government or with any person, individual, partnership, or corporation to affect any or all of the purposes of this article;
(12) To accept grants and loans from, and enter into contracts and other transactions with, any federal agency without in any way limiting any other provision of this section;
(13) To name the regional recreation authority and trail system, and to maintain an office;
(14) To borrow money, issue notes, provide payment of notes, provide rights to the holders of notes, and purchase, hold, and dispose of notes;
(15) To issue notes payable solely from the revenues or other funds available to the authority, and the authority may issue its notes in such principal amounts as it considers necessary to provide funds for any purpose under this article, including:
(A) The payment, funding, or refunding of the principal of, interest on or redemption premiums on notes issued by it, whether the notes or interest to be funded or refunded have or have not become due;
(B) The establishment or increase of reserves to secure or pay notes or the interest on the notes and all other costs or expenses of the authority incident to and necessary or convenient to carry out its corporate purposes and powers. Notes may be additionally secured by a pledge of any revenues, funds, assets, or moneys of the authority from any source whatsoever;
(16) To issue renewal notes, except that no renewal notes may be issued to mature more than 10 years from the date of issuance of the notes renewed;
(17) To apply the proceeds from the sale of renewal notes to the purchase, redemption, or payment of the notes to be refunded;
(18) To accept gifts or grants of property, funds, security interests, money, materials, labor, supplies, or services from the federal government, other governmental unit or any person, firm, or corporation, make agreements and fulfill the terms of any gifts or grants, and take all steps necessary to procure, accept, or dispose of gifts or grants;
(19) To consent to any modification of the rate of interest, time of payment of any installment of principal or interest, security or any other term of any note, contract, or agreement of any kind to which the authority is a party to the extent permitted under its contracts with the holders of notes of the authority;
(20) To construct, reconstruct, improve, maintain, repair, operate, and manage the regional recreation area at the locations within the participating counties as may be determined by the authority;
(21) To enter into an agreement with the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources to provide law-enforcement services within the regional recreation area and to reimburse the Division of Natural Resources for their costs;
(22) To exercise all power and authority provided in this article necessary and convenient to plan, finance, construct, renovate, maintain, and operate or oversee the operation of the regional recreation area facilities within the participating counties;
(23) To exercise any additional powers as may be necessary or appropriate to fulfill the purposes of this article;
(24) To exercise the powers that a corporation may lawfully exercise under the laws of this state;
(25) To develop, maintain and operate, or to contract for the development, maintenance, and operation of the regional recreation area facilities;
(26) To enter into contracts with landowners and other persons holding an interest in the land used for its recreational facilities to hold those landowners and other persons harmless with respect to any claim in tort emanating from the use of the land for recreational purposes or activities operated or managed by the authority, except for a claim for damages proximately caused by the willful or malicious conduct of the landowner or other person, or any of his or her agents or employees;
(27) To assess and collect a reasonable fee from those persons who use the trails, parking facilities, visitor centers, or other facilities that are part of the regional recreation area and to retain and utilize that revenue for any purpose consistent with this article;
(28) To enter into contracts or other appropriate legal arrangements with landowners in which their land is made available for use as part of the regional recreation area; and
(29) To directly operate and manage recreation activities and facilities within the regional recreation area.
§20-14A-7. Prohibited acts; criminal penalty.
(a) A participant may not enter or remain upon the regional recreation area without a valid, nontransferable user permit issued by the authority and properly displayed, except properly identified landowners or leaseholders or their officers, employees, or agents while on the land that the person owns or leases for purposes related to the ownership or lease of the land and not for recreational purposes.
(b) A participant may not consume or possess any alcoholic liquor at any time or on any trail within the regional recreation area.
(c) Participants, operators, and passengers of a motor vehicle within the regional recreation area shall wear size-appropriate protective helmets at all times as required by §17F-1-1 et seq. of this code or as otherwise required by the authority.
(d) A participant shall obey all traffic laws, authority rules, traffic-control devices, and signs within the regional recreation area, including those which restrict trails to certain types of off-highway recreational vehicles, and drive on designated, marked trails in the area. A person may not be on any trail in the area from one-half hour before sunset to one-half hour before sunrise except in an emergency. Each participant shall at all times remain within and on a designated and marked trail within the regional recreation area.
(e) A participant within the regional recreation area who is under 16 years of age shall at all times be under the immediate supervision of, and within sight of, a person who is at least 18 years of age and who either is a parent or guardian of the youth or has the express permission of a parent or guardian to supervise the youth. No parent, guardian, or supervising adult may allow a child under the age of 16 years to leave that person’s sight and supervision within the regional recreation area.
(f) A participant within the regional recreation area may not operate a motor vehicle in any competition or exhibition of speed, acceleration, racing, test of physical endurance, or climbing ability unless the event is sanctioned by the authority.
(g) A participant operating a motor vehicle within the regional recreation area shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a motor vehicle by the provisions of §17C-1-1 et seq. of this code except where inconsistent with the provisions of this article and except as to those provisions of chapter 17C of this code that by their nature can have no application and may not operate a motor vehicle in violation of those duties.
(h) A participant may not operate or ride in a utility-terrain vehicle, as defined in §17F-1-1 et seq. of this code or any other motor vehicle with bench or bucket seating and a steering wheel for control unless equipped with seat belts meeting, at a minimum, federal motor vehicle safety standards and properly worn by the driver and all passengers.
(i) A participant may not ignite a flame or start a fire within the regional recreation area.
(j) A participant may not possess a glass container while riding on a motor vehicle within the regional recreation area.
(k) A person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100. Prosecution or conviction for the misdemeanor described in this subsection shall not prevent or disqualify any other civil or criminal penalties or remedies for the conduct prohibited by this section.
§20-14A-8. Limiting liability.
(a) An owner of land used by, or for the stated purposes of, a regional recreation authority, whether with or without charge, owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for recreational purposes, or to give any warning of a dangerous or hazardous condition, use, structure, or activity on the premises to persons entering for recreational purposes.
(b) Unless otherwise agreed in writing, an owner who grants a lease, easement, or license of land to the authority for recreational purposes, whether with or without charge, owes no duty of care to keep that land safe for entry or use by others or to give warning to persons entering or going upon the land of any dangerous or hazardous conditions, uses, structures, or activities thereon. An owner who grants a lease, easement, or license of land to the authority for recreational purposes does not by giving a lease, easement, or license: (1) Extend any assurance to any person using the land that the premises are safe for any purpose; (2) confer upon those persons the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed; or (3) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by an act or omission of a person who enters upon the leased land. The provisions of this section apply whether the person entering upon the land is an invitee, licensee, trespasser, or otherwise.
(c) Nothing herein limits in any way any liability that otherwise exists for deliberate, willful or malicious infliction of injury to persons or property: Provided, That nothing herein limits in any way the obligation of a person entering upon or using the land of another for recreational purposes to exercise due care in his or her use of the land and in his or her activities thereon, so as to prevent the creation of hazards or the commission of waste by himself or herself.
§20-14A-9. Purchasing and bidding procedures.
(a) Whenever the authority proposes to purchase or contract for commodities or services reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed $2,500 in cost, the purchase or contract shall be based on competitive bids. Where the purchase of particular commodities or services is reasonably anticipated to be $25,000 or less, the executive director may, on behalf of the authority, solicit bids or price quotes in any manner that the executive director deems appropriate and the authority shall obtain its commodities or services by the lowest bid. In lieu of seeking bids or quotes for commodities or services in this price range, the authority may purchase those commodities and services pursuant to state master contracts as provided in §5A-3-10e of this code.
(b) Where the cost for the purchase of commodities or services is reasonably anticipated to exceed $25,000, the executive director shall solicit sealed bids for the commodities or services to be provided: Provided, That the executive director may permit bids by electronic transmission be accepted in lieu of sealed bids. Bids shall be solicited by public notice. The notice shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in all participating counties in compliance with the provisions of §59-3-1 et seq. of this code and by such other means as the executive director deems appropriate. The notice shall state the general character of the work and general character of the materials to be furnished, the place where plans and specifications therefore may be examined and the time and place of receiving bids. After all bids are received, the authority shall enter into a written contract with the lowest responsible bidder, however, the authority may reject any or all bids that fail to meet the specifications required by the authority or that exceed the authority’s budget estimation for those commodities or services. If the executive director determines in writing that there is only one responsive and responsible bidder, and that there has been sufficient public notice to attract competitive bids, he or she may negotiate the price for a noncompetitive award or the specifications for a noncompetitive award based solely on the original purpose of the solicitation.
(c) For any contract that exceeds $25,000 in total cost, the authority shall require the vendors to post a bond, with form and surety to be approved by the authority, in an amount equal to at least 50 percent of the contract price conditioned upon faithful performance and completion of the contract.
(d) The bidding requirements specified in this section do not apply to any leases for real property upon which the authority makes improvements for public access to the recreation area, information distribution and welcome centers. This exemption does not apply to leases for offices, vehicle and heavy equipment storage, or administrative facilities.
(e) Any person who violates a provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in jail not less than 10 days nor more than one year, or fined not less than $10 nor more than $1,000, or both confined and fined.
§20-14A-10. Conflicts of interest prohibiting certain contracts.
(a) No contract, change order to a prior contract, or renewal of any contract may be awarded or entered into by the authority when: (1) The vendor or prospective vendor is a member of the board or an employee of the authority; (2) the vendor or prospective vendor is a spouse, sibling, child, or parent of a member of the board or an employee of the authority; or (3) a member of the board or employee of the authority, or a spouse, sibling, child, or parent of a member of the board or an employee of the authority, has an ownership interest of greater than five percent in the company of the vendor or prospective vendor.
(b) No contract, change order to a prior contract or renewal of any contract may be awarded or entered by the authority when: (1) The vendor or prospective vendor is a member of the West Virginia Legislature, or a spouse, sibling, child, or parent of a member of the Legislature; or (2) a member of the Legislature, or a spouse, sibling, child, or parent of a member of the Legislature, has an ownership interest of greater than five percent in the company of the vendor or prospective vendor.
(c) All responses to bid solicitations, requests for quotation, requests for proposal, contracts, change orders, and contract renewals with the authority submitted or approved under the provisions of this article shall include an affidavit that the vendor or prospective vendor is not in violation of this section.
(d) Any person who violates a provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in jail not less than 10 days nor more than one year, or fined not less than $10 nor more than $1,000, or both confined and fined.
§20-14A-11. Civil remedies for unlawful purchasing and contracts.
The county commission of any participating county may challenge the validity of any contract or purchase entered, solicited, or proposed by the authority in violation of this article by seeking declaratory or injunctive relief in the circuit court of the county of the challenging party. If the court finds by a preponderance of evidence that the provisions of this article have been violated, the court may declare the contract or purchase to be void and may grant any injunctive relief necessary to correct the violations and protect the funds of the authority as a joint development entity.
ARTICLE 15. ATV, UTV, AND MOTORCYCLE RESPONSIBILITY ACT.
§20-15-1. Legislative findings.
The West Virginia
Legislature finds that trail-oriented recreation for all-terrain and
off-highway recreational vehicle enthusiasts offered by the
Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority and other regional recreation
authorities formed pursuant to §20-14A-1 et seq. of this code,
significantly contributes to the economy of West Virginia and is enjoyed by a
large and growing number of residents and nonresidents alike. Since it is
recognized that there are inherent risks in the operation of
off-highway recreational vehicles which should be understood by each
operator and which cannot be eliminated by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation
Authority or its regional recreation authorities, and their
authorized outfitters or licensees, it is the purpose of this article to define
the areas of responsibility and affirmative acts which authorized outfitters
must perform or risk being liable for loss, damage or injury suffered by
participants and to define the risk which the participants expressly assume and
for which there can be no recovery.
The terms in this article have the following meaning, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning:
(1) “All-terrain vehicle” or “ATV” means any motor
vehicle designed for off-highway use and designed to travel on not less than
three low-pressure tires, having a seat designed to be straddled by the
operator and handlebars for steering control and intended by the manufacturer
to be used by a single operator or by an operator and no more than one
passenger; (2) “Authorized outfitter” or “licensee” means a
commercial outfitter, which is a person, partnership, limited liability company
(LLC), corporation, other organization, or any combination thereof,
licensed by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, or other regional
recreation authorities, who operates from any temporary or permanent camp,
private or public lodge, or private home, who provides guided tours or the
rental of all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles, or motorcycles for
use on assigned lands for monetary profit or gain; (3) “Low-pressure tire” means every tire in which 20 pounds
per square inch or less of compressed air is designed to support the load; (4) “Motorcycle” means any motor vehicle manufactured
with no more than two wheels and having a seat or saddle for the use of the
operator; (5) “Off-highway vehicle”, “off-highway recreational
vehicle”, or “OHV” means a vehicle intended for off-highway use and includes
all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles, motorcycles, and off-road
vehicles. All permissible off-highway vehicles, including off-road vehicles,
are incorporated by reference in this article. (6) “Off-road vehicle” or “ORV” means a vehicle that is
suitable for off-road use. It includes a four-wheel drive vehicle such as a
Jeep, pickup, or sport utility vehicle. It also includes a specially designed,
modified, or customized off-road vehicle that is of a similar size to a vehicle
manufactured for highway use. (7) “Participant”
means any person using the land, trails, and facilities of the Hatfield-McCoy
Regional Recreation Authority or and other regional recreation
authorities; (8) “Regional recreation authority” means the
Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority or any regional recreation
authority established and organized pursuant to the provisions of §20-14-1 et
seq. and §20-14A-1 et seq. of this code; and (9) “Utility-terrain vehicle” or “UTV” means any motor
vehicle with four or more low-pressure tires designed for off-highway use,
having bench or bucket seating for each occupant and a steering wheel for
This article shall only apply to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, other regional recreation authorities and their authorized outfitters or licensees, and any participant as defined in §20-15-2 of this code.
§20-15-4. Duties of authorized outfitters or licensees.
(a) Every authorized outfitter or licensee shall:
(1) Mark for identification purposes all equipment and vehicles used in the business;
(2) Maintain all equipment and vehicles used in the business in such condition that the equipment and vehicles are safe to operate or use as intended and recommended by the manufacturer;
(3) Provide facilities,
equipment, and services conforming to safety and other requirements established
by the rules
promulgated by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority
established by the regional recreation authorities;
(4) Provide facilities, equipment, and services as advertised or as agreed to by the authorized outfitter or licensee and the participant;
(5) Provide protective helmets which are size appropriate and which meet the current performance specifications established by the American National Standards Institute standard, z 90.1, the United States Department of Transportation federal motor vehicle safety standard no. 218 or Snell safety standards for protective headgear for vehicle users as defined by §17F-1-1(a)(5) of this code to all persons using all-terrain vehicles, utility-terrain vehicles, or motorcycles;
(6) Provide all-terrain vehicles or motorcycles which are age and size appropriate as recommended by the manufacturer;
(7) Make reasonable and
prudent efforts to ensure that participants utilizing the facilities, equipment,
or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee have received the safety
training required by the provisions of the
legislative rule rules
for the use of the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Authority or its designee regional
(8) Make certain that every
guide offered to participants by the authorized outfitter or licensee has a
current standard first aid training certificate and CPR certificate issued by
the American Red Cross or its equivalent and ATV safety training by the
Recreation Authority regional recreational authority or its
(9) Make certain that employees carry first-aid kits when acting as guides; and
(10) Make known to any participant utilizing the facilities, equipment, or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee any dangerous condition as to trail lands, facilities, or equipment to be traversed or used which is known by the outfitter or licensee.
(b) An authorized outfitter or licensee may not rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle, or motorcycle to a person under the age of 18 years or allow any owner-operated all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle, or motorcycle on any guided tour when operated by any person under the age of 18 years without first obtaining a written statement, signed by the minor’s parent or guardian certifying that:
(1) Any machine to be operated by the minor or his or her parent or guardian is of a model that is recommended by the manufacturer as appropriate to the minor’s age and size;
(2) All rules governing the
use of the vehicle and the
Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area regional
recreation area have been explained to the minor in sufficient detail to
enable the minor to abide by the rules; and
(3) Any minor under the age of 16 will remain under the supervision of and the sight of the parent or guardian at all times.
(c) An authorized outfitter or licensee may not rent or lease a utility-terrain vehicle to any person who is not at least 16 years of age and in possession of a valid driver’s license.
(d) An authorized outfitter or licensee shall provide a participant utilizing the facilities, equipment, or services of the authorized outfitter or licensee with written notification of his or her duties as prescribed in §20-15-5 of this code. The participant shall sign the notification prior to using the equipment. The signed notification, or an electronically stored copy thereof, shall be kept on file by the outfitter or licensee for not less than five years.
§20-15-5. Duties of participants.
(a) All participants:
(1) Shall comply with any requirements established by law, including those in §17F-1-1 of this code, which defines those acts prohibited by operators of all-terrain vehicles;
(2) Shall comply with the
rules or regulations established for use of the
Area regional recreation area;
(3) Shall, as to the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority or other regional recreation authority, or to any recreation area landowner, lessor, authorized outfitter or licensee, expressly assume the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss, or damage to person or property which results from participation in operating an all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle, or motorcycle, and caused by any of the following:
(A) Variations in terrain, slope, or angle of terrain;
(B) Surface or subsurface conditions, including rocks, trees, or other forms of forest growth or debris;
(C) Collisions with signs, markers, width restrictors, culverts, bridges, pipes, equipment, vehicles, or any other objects or fixtures used in trail management, maintenance, construction, or development;
(D) Collisions with signs, markers, pipes, equipment, vehicles, or any component thereof used in natural resource maintenance, development, or extraction;
(E) Collisions with electrical transmission poles, towers, lines, guy wires, or any component thereof;
(4) Shall obey all rules or
instructions announced by the
Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority
regional recreation authority, authorized outfitter, or licensee with
regard to the operation of the all-terrain vehicle or motorcycle he or she is
(5) Shall wear all safety equipment provided by the authorized outfitter or licensee, or which might otherwise be required by law.
(b) Each participant shall have the sole individual responsibility for:
(1) Knowing the range of his or her own ability to negotiate any slope or trail;
(2) Operating the ATV, UTV, or motorcycle within the limits of the participant’s own ability;
(3) Maintaining reasonable control of speed and course at all times;
(4) Heeding all posted warnings;
(5) Operating only on trails designated by the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority and other regional recreation authorities;
(6) Refraining from acting in a manner which a reasonable person would believe to be likely to cause or contribute to the injury of any person.
(c) If while riding an ATV, UTV, or motorcycle any participant collides with any object or person, the responsibility for the collision shall be solely that of the participant or participants involved and not that of the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, other regional recreation authority, any recreation area landowner, lessor, authorized outfitter or licensee unless the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreation Authority, other regional recreation authority, recreation area landowner, lessor, authorized outfitter or licensee, or their agent caused the collision in a tortious manner.
(d) After an accident, a participant may not leave the area where the accident took place without:
(1) Leaving personal identification, including his or her name and address;
(2) Notifying the proper authorities; and
(3) Obtaining assistance when he or she knows or reasonably should know that any other person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.
(e) Where a participant is a lawful passenger, that participant may not distract or perform any act which might interfere with the safe operation of the all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain vehicle, or motorcycle of which he or she is a passenger.
(f) Any person under the age of 16 years shall remain under the direct supervision and within sight of a parent or guardian both of whom must otherwise comply with state or federal laws and any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder.
(g) A participant may not
make any alterations or tamper with the all-terrain vehicle, utility-terrain
vehicle, or motorcycle he or she is operating or of which he or she is a
any a way which that would interfere
with the continued safe operation of that machine.