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Introduced Version Senate Bill 161 History

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Key: Green = existing Code. Red = new code to be enacted
Senate Bill No. 161

(By Senators Tomblin, Mr. President, and Boley,

By Request of the Executive)
____________

[Introduced January 24, 1995; referred to the Committee
on Education; and then to the Committee on Finance.]
____________



A BILL to amend and reenact sections two, three, four, six and
nine, article sixteen, chapter eighteen-b of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, relating to the West Virginia partnerships for rural health education.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That sections two, three, four, six and nine, article sixteen, chapter eighteen-b of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 16. HEALTH CARE EDUCATION.
§18B-16-2. Legislative findings and declarations.

(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the health of the citizens of West Virginia is of paramount importance; that the education of health care professionals must be reshaped; that the delivery of health care services must be improved; that refocusing health sciences education will aid in the recruitment of health care professionals and their retention in the state; that the educational process should incorporate clinical experience in rural areas and provide improved availability of health care services throughout the state, especially in rural areas; and that the state investment in such education and services must be contained within reasonable limits.
(b) The Legislature further hereby finds and declares that the vice chancellor for health sciences shall provide an integral link among the advisory panel created in section six of this article, the health sciences programs at the state institutions of higher education, the governing boards of the state's institutions of higher education and the joint commission for vocational-technical-occupational education to assure cooperation and the coordination of efforts to effectuate the goals set forth in section four of this article.
(c) It is the further finding of the Legislature that the appropriations pursuant to section eight of this article are made with the understanding that the educational and clinical programs existing at the schools of medicine on the effective date of this section, as well as the goals of this article, will be met without requests for increases in the annual appropriations through the fiscal year beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, with the exception of requested increases in appropriations for the purpose of meeting any increases in the salaries of personnel as may be given to other employees at state institutions of higher education under the board of trustees.
(d) The Legislature further finds that there is a serious need throughout the state for a greater number of primary care physicians and allied health care professionals and a serious need for improved accessibility to adequate health care throughout the state, especially in rural areas; that the state's medical schools are finding it difficult to satisfy the ever increasing demand for qualified persons to deliver these health care services and that the state's institutions of higher education and rural health care facilities existing throughout the state are a major educational resource for training students in these health care services, as well as a major resource for providing health care to underserved citizens of this state.
(e) The Legislature further finds that in order to provide adequate health care in rural communities there must be a cooperative initiative among educators, physicians, mid-level providers, allied health care providers and the rural communities.
(f) The Legislature further finds that the rural health initiative and the Kellogg program have together implemented a nationally acclaimed, highly successful effort to enable the health professions schools to serve the rural and primary care health needs of the state and should be continued as a single program within the office of the vice chancellor for health sciences.
§18B-16-3. Definitions.
For purposes of this article, and in addition to the definitions set forth in section two, article one of this chapter, the terms used in this article have the following definitions ascribed to them:
(a) "Advisory panel" or "panel" means the rural health initiative advisory panel the West Virginia partnerships for rural health education panel created under section six of this article.
(b) "Allied health care" means health care other than that provided by physicians, nurses, dentists and mid-level providers and includes, but is not limited to, care provided by clinical laboratory personnel, physical therapists, occupational therapists, respiratory therapists, medical records personnel, dietetic personnel, radiologic personnel, speech-language-hearing personnel and dental hygienists.
(c) "Health care planning commission" means the commission created pursuant to article one-a, chapter sixteen of this code.
(d) (c) "Mid-level provider" includes, but is not limited to, advanced nurse practitioners, nurse-midwives, and physician assistants.
(e) (d) "Office of community and rural health services" means that agency, staff or office within the department of health and human resources which has as its primary focus the delivery of rural health care.
(f) (e) "Primary care" means basic or general health care which emphasizes the point when the patient first seeks assistance from the medical care system and the care of the simpler and more common illnesses. This type of care is generally rendered by family practice physicians, general practice physicians, general internists, obstetricians, pediatricians, psychiatrists, and mid-level providers.
(g) (f) "Primary health care education sites" or "sites", whether the term is used in the plural or singular, means those rural health care facilities established for the provision of educational and clinical experiences pursuant to section seven of this article.
(h) (g) "Rural health care facilities" or "facilities", whether the term is used in the plural or singular, means nonprofit, free-standing primary care clinics in medically underserved or health professional shortage areas and nonprofit rural hospitals with one hundred or less licensed acute care beds, located in a nonstandard metropolitan statistical area.
(i) (h) "Schools of medicine" means the West Virginia University School of Medicine, which is the School of Health Sciences; the Marshall School of Medicine, which is the Marshall Medical School; and the West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine.
(j) (i) "Vice chancellor" means the vice chancellor for health sciences provided for under section six, article two of this chapter.
§18B-16-4. Establishment of rural health initiative; goals of
rural health initiative.

There is hereby established a rural health initiative under the auspices of the board of trustees and under the direction and administration of the vice chancellor. This initiative shall combine the efforts of the rural health initiative as created by this article in one thousand nine hundred ninety-one and the Kellogg program as administered by the vice chancellor before the effective date of this section. The goals of the rural health initiative include, but are not limited to:
(a) The development of at least six primary health care education sites;
(b) The establishment of satellite programs from the primary health care education sites to provide additional opportunities for students and medical residents to serve under role models in rural areas;
(c) The provision of training to all medical students under the direction of primary care physicians practicing in rural areas;
(d) The provision of admission preferences for qualified students entering primary care in needed specialties in underserved areas;
(e) The creation of medical residency rotations in hospitals and clinics in rural areas and the provision of incentives to medical residents to accept the residencies at these hospitals and clinics;
(f) The placement of mid-level providers in rural communities and the provision of support to the mid-level providers;
(g) The extension of rural hospital physician respite loan programs to rural primary health care clinics;
(h) The development of innovative programs which enhance student interest in rural health care opportunities;
(i) The increased placement of primary care physicians in underserved areas;
(j) The increased retention of obstetrical providers and the availability of prenatal care;
(k) The increased use of underserved areas of the state in the educational process;
(l) An increase in the number of support services provided to rural practitioners;
(m) An increase in the retention rate of graduates from West Virginia medical schools, nursing schools and allied health care education programs;
(n) The development of effective health promotion and disease prevention programs to enhance wellness; and
(o) The establishment of primary health care education sites which complement existing community health care resources and which do not relocate the fundamental responsibility for health care from the community to the board of trustees.
§18B-16-6. Creation of the West Virginia partnerships for rural
health education panel.


(a) The rural health initiative advisory panel is hereby created and shall be composed of eighteen members as follows: (1) One member shall be the commissioner of the bureau of public health, who shall chair the panel; (2) one member shall be a representative of the office of rural health; (3) one member shall be a representative of the health care planning commission; (4) one member shall be a representative of the office of community health services; (5) five members shall be rural health care providers, two of whom shall be representatives of rural health care facilities selected from such lists as may be submitted by associations interested or involved in the provision of rural health care, two of whom shall be physicians engaged in the private practice of rural medicine, and one of whom shall be an advanced nurse practitioner or a nurse-midwife with experience in rural health care delivery; (6) four members shall represent consumers; (7) one member shall be a president of a private college or university to represent the health education programs at the state's private colleges and universities: Provided, That the presidents of the various private colleges and universities shall select the member representing the private colleges and universities and submit the name to the governor for his appointment: Provided, however, That such member shall be a nonvoting member; (8) one member shall be the president of the West Virginia school of osteopathic medicine or a designee; (9) one member shall be the vice president of the West Virginia university school of medicine or a designee; (10) one member shall be the vice president of the Marshall university school of medicine or a designee; and (11) one member shall be a president of a state college to represent the health education programs of the state college system, selected by a vote of the presidents of the state colleges. Those members representing state institutions of higher education shall be ex officio, nonvoting members of the panel.
The governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint those individuals who are not members of the panel by virtue of their office. The governor shall appoint those members of the panel who represent health care providers and consumers for staggered, three-year terms, and the resident addresses of such members shall be geographically dispersed throughout the state. All successive appointments shall be for three-year terms. After the initial appointment of the advisory panel, any appointment to fill a vacancy shall be for the unexpired term only.
The governor shall make all appointments within ten days of the effective date of this article, and the vice chancellor shall convene the advisory panel by the first day of December, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one. Thereafter, the chair shall schedule the meetings of the panel and notify members of such meetings. The panel shall meet at least monthly until such time as the initial recommendation has been forwarded to the vice chancellor and at least quarterly thereafter or upon the call of the chair.
(a) The West Virginia partnerships for rural health education panel is hereby created and the rural health initiative advisory panel is hereby terminated except that the rural health initiative advisory panel may continue for such time until the first day of September, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, as may be necessary for an orderly transition of responsibilities and duties to the West Virginia partnerships for rural health education panel. The panel, which shall be appointed by the governor, shall consist of one community representative from each of the consortia of primary health care education sites as designated by the vice chancellor from time to time; the dean or designee from each of the participating health sciences schools, ex officio; one representative nominated by private colleges and approved by the vice chancellor; one representative nominated by the state college system and approved by the vice chancellor; one site coordinator; the commissioner of public health, ex officio; and the director of the office of community and rural health services, ex officio. Except for the ex officio members, members of the panel shall serve for staggered three-year terms: Provided, That one third of the initial appointments shall be designated by the vice chancellor for one-year terms and one third of the initial appointments shall be designated by the vice chancellor for two-year terms.
Members of the advisory panel shall be reimbursed for the cost of reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their duties: Provided, That members of the panel who are employed by the state of West Virginia shall not be reimbursed for their expenses under the provisions of this section.
(b) The functions and duties of the panel are to recommend policies and procedures to the vice chancellor related to the rural health initiative and to oversee and coordinate implementation of those policies and procedures.
(b) (c) The advisory panel shall be terminated by the provisions of article ten, chapter four of this code on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five ninety-nine, unless sooner terminated or unless continued or reestablished pursuant to that article.
(c) (d) The advisory panel has the power and the duty to recommend rural health care facilities to be established as primary health care education sites. Such recommendation shall be made to the vice chancellor in accordance with the criteria set forth in section seven of this article. After review of the proposals submitted to the vice chancellor by the schools of medicine pursuant to section eight of this article, the panel's recommendation shall include an estimation of the costs to be allocated per site from available funds in the university of West Virginia health sciences account in the line item designated for rural health initiative site support.
(d) (e) The advisory panel shall adopt guidelines regarding the application by rural health care facilities for selection as primary health care education sites and shall approve an application form which provides the panel with sufficient information to consider the criteria set forth in section eight of this article. The guidelines and application shall be sent by registered mail to each rural health care facility in the state as soon as practicable after the effective date of this section.
(e) (f) The advisory panel shall provide an ongoing evaluation of the rural health initiative and shall make the reports required under this article.
§18B-16-9. Accountability; reports and audit required.
(a) The vice chancellor, with the assistance of the advisory panel, shall report in detail to the board of trustees on the expenditure and planned expenditure of public funds to the schools of medicine under section eight of this article. The board of trustees shall report to the governor, the president of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Delegates, no later than the fifteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two, the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two, the thirty-first day of December, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two, and, thereafter annually prior to the first day of December as a part of the higher education report cards required by section eight-a, article one of this chapter.
(b) The vice chancellor, with the guidance and recommendations of the advisory panel, shall develop additional performance indicators, including, but not limited to: (1) An analysis of the health care needs of the targeted areas; (2) the number of persons served and the nature of the services provided; (3) the number of full-time and part-time faculty, students, interns and residents, by discipline, participating in the health science and allied health care education programs; (4) the number of health providers in each community served by primary health care education sites; (5) the financial, social and health status changes in each community served by primary health care education sites; and (6) the extent to which the plans and policies of the office of rural health and the health care planning commission are being effectuated. The vice chancellor shall provide information on the performance indicators to the board of trustees for inclusion in the higher education accountability report card for health sciences provided for in section eight-a, article one of this chapter.
(c) The advisory panel shall report at least annually to the joint legislative oversight commission on education accountability created under section eleven, article three-a, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code and to the area health education centers subcommittee of the joint committee on government and finance regarding the status of the rural health care initiative, paying particular attention to the role of the communities.
(d) The vice chancellor shall report at least annually to the joint legislative oversight commission on education accountability created under section eleven, article three-a, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code and to the area health education centers subcommittee of the joint committee on government and finance regarding the status of the rural health care initiative, paying particular attention to the role of the schools of medicine.
(e) The board of trustees shall facilitate a meeting at least quarterly for the chief administrators of each primary health care education site established pursuant to this article and each chief administrator at other rural health care facilities providing educational and clinical experiences to students, interns and residents at the state's schools of medicine. The meetings shall commence no later than the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-two, and shall be for the purpose of discussing the status, efficiency and effectiveness of the various programs and their operation and recommending any changes to the board of trustees, which may include statutory recommendations to be made to the Legislature.
In addition to the reports otherwise required and commencing with a report for the fiscal year beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, the chief administrators shall submit to the board of trustees an annual evaluation of the extent to which the goals set forth in section four of this article and other goals relating to collaborative efforts between the schools of medicine and rural health care facilities are being attained. Such report shall be forwarded annually in its entirety to the governor, the president of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Delegates no later than the fifteenth day of January.
(f) The legislative auditor, at the direction of the joint committee on government and finance, shall perform on an ongoing basis a fiscal and performance review of the medical education components within the university of West Virginia system, the state college system and the rural health initiative for periodic review by the Legislature.




NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to continue two highly acclaimed programs on rural health care as one program.

Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.
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