WEST virginia legislature
2019 regular session
House Bill 2694
By Delegate Howell, Jeffries, D., Pack, Phillips, Sypolt, Hott, Cadle, Hamrick, Graves, McGeehan and Pushkin
[Originating in the Committee on Government Organization, February 20, 2019]
A BILL to amend and reenact §19-12E-3, §19-12E-4, §19-12E-5, §19-12E-6, §19-12E-7, §19-12E-8, and §19-12E-9 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, and to amend said code by adding thereto two new sections, designated §19-12E-10 and §19-12E-11, all relating generally to the Industrial Hemp Development Act; adding and modifying definitions; updating code to reflect changes in federal law; clarifying that no person may grow, cultivate, possess, or process industrial hemp without a license from the Department of Agriculture; requiring certain documentation requested by the commissioner to be submitted by licensees; authorizing commissioner to submit plan for state regulation of industrial hemp to United States Department of Agriculture; requiring plan to comply with federal law; providing for continued legality of hemp production in absence of submitted plan; providing for handling negligent violations; addressing handling of non-negligent violations; requiring notification of attorney general and law enforcement under certain circumstances; and making technical corrections.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
article 19. industrial hemp development act.
As used in this article:
“Cannabidiol” or “CBD” means the compound by the same name derived from the hemp variety of the cannabis sativa L. plant;
“Commercial sales” mean the sale of products in the stream of commerce, at retail, wholesale, and online;
(1) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of
Agriculture or his or her designee;
“Cultivating” means planting, watering, growing, and harvesting a plant or crop.
“Department” means the West Virginia Department of Agriculture and its employees;
“Handling” means possessing or storing hemp plants for any period of time on premises owned, operated, or controlled by a person licensed to cultivate or process hemp. “Handling” also includes possessing or storing hemp plants in a vehicle for any period of time other than during its actual transport from the premises of one licensed person to cultivate or process industrial hemp to the premises of another licensed person. “Handling” does not mean possessing or storing finished hemp products.
(2) “Hemp” or “ Industrial industrial
hemp” means all parts and varieties of the plant cannabis sativa L. containing
no greater than one percent 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol, or the
THC concentration for hemp defined in 7 U.S.C. §5940, whichever is greater;
“Hemp products” means all products derived from, or made by, processing hemp plants or plant parts, that are prepared in a form available for commercial sale;
“Licensee” means an individual or business entity possessing a license issued by the Department to grow, handle, cultivate, or process hemp;
(3) “Marijuana” means all plant material from the
genus cannabis containing more than one percent tetrahydrocannabinol or seeds
of the genus capable of germination;
“Processing” means converting an agricultural commodity into a marketable form; and
“THC” means tetrahydrocannabinol. Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, the THC found in industrial hemp shall not be considered to be THC for the purposes of qualifying as a controlled substance.
§19-12E-4. Industrial hemp authorized as agricultural crop; license required.
(a) Industrial hemp
that has not more than one
percent tetrahydrocannabinol is considered an agricultural crop in this
state if grown for the purposes authorized by the provisions of this article.
Upon meeting the requirements of section three §19-12E-5 of this article
code, an individual in this state may plant, grow, harvest possess,
process, sell or buy industrial hemp.
(b) No person shall cultivate, handle, or process industrial hemp in this state unless the person holds a hemp license issued by the Department.
§19-12E-5. Industrial hemp – licensing.
(a) A person growing industrial hemp
purposes shall apply to the commissioner for license on a form prescribed
by the commissioner.
(b) The application for a license must include the name and address of the applicant and the legal description and global positioning coordinates of the land area to be used for the production of industrial hemp.
(c) The commissioner shall require each first-time
applicant, and may establish requirements for others involved with the
industrial hemp program, to submit to a
for a license to file a set of
the applicant’s fingerprints, taken by a law-enforcement officer, and any other
information necessary to complete a statewide and nationwide criminal history
check with the criminal investigation bureau of the department of justice for
state processing and with the Federal Bureau of Investigation for federal
processing. All of the costs associated with the criminal history check are the
responsibility of the applicant. Criminal history records provided to the
department under this section are confidential. The commissioner may use the
records only to determine if an applicant is eligible to receive a license for
the production of industrial hemp. state
and national criminal history record check. The criminal history record check
shall be based on fingerprints submitted to the West Virginia State Police or
its assigned agent for forwarding to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(1) The applicant shall meet all requirements necessary to accomplish the state and national criminal history record check, including:
(A) Submitting fingerprints for the purposes set forth in this subsection; and
(B) Authorizing the board, the West Virginia State Police, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to use all records submitted and produced for the purpose of screening the applicant for a license.
(2) The results of the state and national criminal history record check may not be released to or by a private entity except:
(A) To the individual who is the subject of the criminal history record check;
(B) With the written authorization of the individual who is the subject of the criminal history record check; or
(C) Pursuant to a court order.
(3) The criminal history record check and related records are not public records for the purposes of chapter 29B of this code.
(4) The applicant shall pay the actual costs of the fingerprinting and criminal history record check.
(d) If the applicant has completed the application process
to the satisfaction of the commissioner, the commissioner shall issue the
license, which is valid until December 31, of the year of application: Provided,
That an individual applying to renew a current license may continue to operate
under an existing license, so long as his or her completed renewal application
has been submitted to the department on or before the deadline established by
An individual licensed under this section is presumed to
be growing industrial hemp for commercial purposes. (e) Notwithstanding any provision of this article, rule
or the provisions of chapter sixty-a 60A of this code to the contrary,
the Commissioner of Agriculture may license qualified persons and state
institutions of higher learning to lawfully grow or cultivate industrial hemp
in this state, but institutions of higher learning may only lawfully grow
industrial hemp for research and educational purposes.
(e) Any person seeking to grow, cultivate, or process industrial hemp shall provide to the Department prior written consent allowing the Department, State Police, and other state and local law enforcement agencies to enter onto all premises where industrial hemp is grown, cultivated, processed, or stored to conduct physical inspections or otherwise ensure compliance with the requirements of this code and the legislative rules promulgated pursuant thereto.
§19-12E-6. Industrial hemp production – notification.
(a) Every licensee shall file with the commissioner:
(1) Documentation showing that the seeds planted are of a
type and variety certified to contain no more than
one percent 0.3%
(2) A copy of any contract to grow industrial hemp; and
(3) Any other document required to be submitted by the commissioner.
(b) Each licensee shall notify the commissioner of the sale or distribution of any industrial hemp grown by the licensee, including, but not limited to, the name and address of the person or entity receiving the industrial hemp and the amount of industrial hemp sold.
§19-12E-7. Rule-making authority.
The commissioner shall promulgate legislative rules that include, but are not limited to:
(1) Licensing persons who wish to grow, cultivate, handle, or process industrial hemp;
(2) Sampling and
Testing testing of
the industrial hemp during growth to determine tetrahydrocannabinol
levels; (2) (3) Supervision of the industrial hemp
during its growth and harvest; (3) (4) Assessment of a fee fees
that is are commensurate with the costs of the commissioner’s
activities in licensing, testing and supervising industrial hemp production; (4) Promulgate rules relating to the (5)
The production and sale of industrial hemp which are consistent with
the rules of the United States Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement
Administration for the production, distribution and sale of industrial hemp;
(6) The production, sale, possession, handling, or transport of hemp products and extracts, including those containing one or more hemp-derived cannabinoids, including CBD; and
(5) (7) Any other rules and procedures
necessary to carry out the purposes of this article.
§19-12E-8. Disposition of fees.
All fees assessed as provided for in
section five §19-12E-5
of this article code must be deposited with the state treasurer
to the credit of the “Agricultural Fee Fund” established by the provisions of section
four-c, §19-1-4c article one of this chapter code
for the use of the commissioner for administering and enforcing the provisions
of this article.
§19-12E-9. Defense for possession or cultivation of marijuana.
(a) It is a complete defense to a prosecution for the
possession or cultivation of marijuana pursuant to the provisions of
four, §60A-4-401 et seq. chapter sixty-a of this code
that defendant was growing industrial hemp pursuant to the provisions of this
(b) This section is not a defense to a charge of criminal
sale or distribution of marijuana as defined in chapter
of this code which does not meet the definition of industrial hemp.
§19-12E-10. State regulation of industrial hemp.
(a) The commissioner is hereby authorized to submit to the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture, for his or her approval, a plan under which this state monitors and regulates the production of industrial hemp. Such plan shall comply with the requirements of 7 U.S.C. §1621 et seq. and any other requirements established by the United States Department of Agriculture.
(b) Nothing in this section prohibits the production of industrial hemp in this state if the commissioner declines to submit a plan, or if a submitted plan is not approved by the United States Department of Agriculture in accordance with other federal laws and regulations.
§19-12E-11. Violations; negligent violations; notice.
(a) An industrial hemp producer in this state failing to comply with any approved plan shall be subject to §19-12E-11(b) of this code if the department determines the industrial hemp producer has negligently violated the state plan by:
(1) Failing to provide a legal description of the land on which the producer produces hemp;
(2) Failing to obtain a license or other required authorization from the West Virginia Department of Agriculture; or
(3)Failing to produce industrial hemp containing one percent or less of tetrahydrocannabinol.
(b) An industrial hemp producer described in §19-12E-11(a) of this code shall comply with any requirements established by the department to correct any negligent violation, including:
(1) A reasonable date by which the hemp producer shall correct the negligent violation; and
(2) In the discretion of the commissioner, any requirement that the hemp producer shall periodically report to the department, the hemp producer’s compliance with the state plan for at least two calendar years from the date of the negligent violation.
(c) An industrial hemp producer that negligently violates the provisions of this article, legislative rules promulgated pursuant thereto, or this state’s approved plan authorized pursuant to §19-12E-10 of this code three times in a five-year period, shall be ineligible to produce hemp in this state for a period of five years beginning on the date of the third violation.
(d) If the department determines that an industrial hemp producer in this state has violated the provisions of this article, legislative rules promulgated pursuant thereto, or this state’s approved plan authorized pursuant to §19-12E-10 of this code with a culpable mental state greater than negligence, §19-12E-11(b) of this code shall not apply to the violation and the department shall report the industrial hemp producer to:
(1) The attorney general;
(2) The sheriff of the county in which the hemp is being grown; and
(3) The local detachment of the West Virginia State Police.
(e) Absent a notification pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, a licensee that negligently violates state laws or regulations shall not be subject to any criminal or civil enforcement action by any state, county, or municipal government.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.