WEST virginia legislature
2019 FIRST EXTRAORDINARY SESSION
Senate Bill 1037
By Senators Carmichael (Mr.
President) and Prezioso
(By Request of the Executive)
[Introduced May 20, 2019]
A BILL to amend and reenact §16A-2-1 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; to amend and reenact §16A-4-3 of said code; to amend and reenact §16A-6-3 and §16A-6-13 of said code; to amend and reenact §16A-7-4 of said code; to amend and reenact §16A-8-1 of said code; to amend and reenact §16A-9-1 of said code; to amend said code by adding thereto two new sections, designated §16A-9-3 and §16A-9-4; to amend and reenact §16A-10-6 of said code; to amend and reenact §16A-11-1 of said code; to amend said code by adding thereto a new section, designated §16A-15-10; and to amend and reenact §16A-16-1 of said code, all relating generally to medical cannabis; defining terms; modifying certain definitions; modifying conditions for issuance of patient certifications; expanding practitioner reporting requirements; defining “resident” for purposes of the act; requiring that state residents own a majority of business entities applying for medical cannabis organization permits; removing regional distribution requirements for growers, processors, and dispensaries; establishing criteria for choosing the locations of dispensary permittees; requiring the Bureau for Public Health to adopt fair and objective evaluation procedures in choosing permittees; requiring numeric scoring of applications; increasing the maximum number of dispensary permits; increasing the number of dispensary permits a person or entity may hold; authorizing persons or entities to hold grower, processor, and dispensary permits; authorizing the bureau to oversee testing of medical cannabis; removing the requirement that dispensaries have a physician or pharmacist onsite; modifying tax rates and tax procedures related to medical cannabis organizations; establishing a 10 percent tax on gross proceeds at the dispensary level; authorizing electronic filing with the Tax Commissioner; directing tax proceeds to be deposited in the Medical Cannabis Program Fund; clarifying applicability of the West Virginia Tax Procedure and Administration Act and the West Virginia Tax Crimes and Penalties Act apply to medical cannabis operations; extending the authority of the bureau to adopt emergency rules until July 1, 2021; adding two osteopathic physicians appointed by the West Virginia Osteopathic Association to the Medical Cannabis Advisory Board; immunizing state officials and employees from causes of action in their personal capacities for actions taken to implement the act; limiting any type of recovery to proceeds of available insurance; obligating the state to defend and indemnify state officials and employees against one type of action brought against them for implementing the act; authorizing precertification of patients; maintaining restriction that patient certificates may not be issued until July 1, 2019; and incorporating certain tax offenses and penalties by reference.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
Article 2. definitions.
(a) The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) “Act” means the West Virginia Medical Cannabis Act and the provisions contained in §60A-1-101 et seq. of this code.
(2) “Advisory board” means the advisory board
established under §16A-11-1 et seq. of this
(3) “Bureau” means the Bureau for Public Health within the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources.
(4) “Caregiver” means the individual designated by a patient or, if the patient is under 18 years of age, an individual authorized under §16A-5-1 et seq. of this code, to deliver medical cannabis.
(5) “Certified medical use” means the acquisition, possession, use, or transportation of medical cannabis by a patient, or the acquisition, possession, delivery, transportation, or administration of medical cannabis by a caregiver, for use as part of the treatment of the patient’s serious medical condition, as authorized in a certification under this act, including enabling the patient to tolerate treatment for the serious medical condition.
(6) “Change in control” means the acquisition by a person or group of persons acting in concert of a controlling interest in an applicant or permittee either all at one time or over the span of a 12-consecutive-month period.
(7) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of the Bureau for Public Health.
(8) “Continuing care” means treating a patient
at least six months, in the course of which the practitioner has completed
a full assessment of the patient’s medical history and current medical
condition, including an in-person consultation with the patient, and is able to
document and make a medical diagnosis based upon the substantive treatment of
(9) “Controlling interest” means:
(A) For a publicly traded entity, voting rights that entitle a person to elect or appoint one or more of the members of the board of directors or other governing board or the ownership or beneficial holding of five percent or more of the securities of the publicly traded entity.
(B) For a privately held entity, the ownership of any security in the entity.
(10) “Dispensary” means a person, including a natural
person, corporation, partnership, association, trust, or other entity, or any
combination thereof, which holds a permit issued by the bureau to dispense
medical cannabis. The term does not include a health care medical cannabis
under as defined in §16A-13-1 et seq. of this
(11) “Family or household member” means the same as defined in §48-27-204 of this code.
(12) “Financial backer” means an investor, mortgagee, bondholder, note holder, or other source of equity, capital, or other assets, other than a financial institution.
(13) “Financial institution” means a bank, a national banking association, a bank and trust company, a trust company, a savings and loan association, a building and loan association, a mutual savings bank, a credit union, or a savings bank.
(14) “Form of medical cannabis” means the characteristics of the medical cannabis recommended or limited for a particular patient, including the method of consumption and any particular dosage, strain, variety and quantity, or percentage of medical cannabis or particular active ingredient.
(15) “Fund” means the Medical Cannabis Program Fund established in §16A-9-2 of this code.
(16) “Grower” means a person, including a natural
person, corporation, partnership, association, trust or other entity, or any
combination thereof, which holds a permit from the bureau under this act to
grow medical cannabis. The term does not include a health care medical cannabis
organization as defined in
article thirteen §16-13-1 et seq.
this chapter code.
(17) “Grower/processor” means either a grower or a processor.
(18) “Identification card” means a document issued under §16A-5-1 et seq. of this code that authorizes access to medical cannabis under this act.
(19) “Individual dose” means a single measure of medical cannabis.
(20) “Medical cannabis” means cannabis for certified medical use as set forth in this act.
(21) “Medical cannabis organization” means a
dispensary, grower or processor. The term does not include a health care
medical cannabis organization
under as defined in §16A-13-1 et
seq. of this code.
(22) “Patient” means an individual who:
(A) has a serious medical condition;
(B) has met the requirements for certification under this act; and
(C) is a resident of this state.
(23) “Permit” means an authorization issued by the bureau to a medical cannabis organization to conduct activities under this act.
(24) “Physician” or “practitioner” means a doctor of allopathic or osteopathic medicine who is fully licensed pursuant to the provisions of either §30-3-1 et seq. or §30-14-1 et seq. of this code to practice medicine and surgery in this state.
(25) “Post-traumatic stress disorder” means a diagnosis made as part of continuing care of a patient by a medical doctor, licensed counselor, or psychologist.
(26) “Practitioner” means a physician who is
registered with the bureau under article four of this chapter. (27) (26)
“Prescription drug monitoring program” means the West Virginia Controlled
Substances Monitoring program under §60A-9-101 et seq. of this code. (28) (27)
“Principal” means an officer, director, or person who directly owns a
beneficial interest in or ownership of the securities of an applicant or
permittee, a person who has a controlling interest in an applicant or permittee
or who has the ability to elect the majority of the board of directors of an
applicant or permittee or otherwise control an applicant or permittee, other
than a financial institution. (29) (28)
“Processor” means a person, including a natural person, corporation,
partnership, association, trust, or other entity, or any combination thereof,
which holds a permit from the bureau under this act to process medical
cannabis. The term does not include a health care medical cannabis organization
under as defined in §16A-13-1 et seq. of this chapter code. (30) (29)
“Registry” means the registry established by the bureau for practitioners. (31) (30)
“Serious medical condition” means any of the following, as has been diagnosed
as part of a patient’s continuing care:
(B) Positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
(C) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
(D) Parkinson’s disease.
(E) Multiple sclerosis.
(F) Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity.
(I) Huntington’s disease.
(J) Crohn’s disease.
(K) Post-traumatic stress disorder.
(L) Intractable seizures.
(M) Sickle cell anemia.
(N) Severe chronic or intractable pain of neuropathic
origin or severe chronic or intractable pain.
in which conventional
therapeutic intervention and opiate therapy is contraindicated or has proved
ineffective as determined as part of continuing care
(O) Terminally ill.
(32)(31) “Terminally ill” means a medical prognosis of
life expectancy of approximately one year or less if the illness runs its
article 4. practitioners.
§16A-4-3. Issuance of certification.
(a) Conditions for issuance. — A certification to use medical cannabis may be issued by a practitioner to a patient if all of the following requirements are met:
(1) The practitioner has been approved by the bureau for inclusion in the registry and has a valid, unexpired, unrevoked, unsuspended license to practice medicine in this state at the time of the issuance of the certification.
(2) The practitioner has determined that the patient has a serious medical condition and has included the condition in the patient’s health care record.
(3) The patient is under the practitioner’s continuing care for the serious medical condition.
(4) In the practitioner’s
professional opinion and review of past treatments, the practitioner determines
the patient is likely to receive therapeutic or palliative benefit from the use
of medical cannabis.
and other treatments, including treatments involving opioids,
have proven ineffective or otherwise are contraindicated
(5) The practitioner has determined that the patient has no past or current medical condition(s) or medication use that would constitute a contraindication for the use of cannabis.
(6) The practitioner has determined that the patient is experiencing serious pathophysiological discomfort, disability, or dysfunction that may be attributable to a serious medical condition and may possibly benefit from cannabis treatment when current medical research exhibits a moderate or higher probability of efficacy; and
(7) The practitioner has educated the patient about cannabis and its safe use.
(b) Contents. — The certification shall include:
(1) The patient’s name, date of birth, and address.
(2) The specific serious medical condition of the patient.
(3) A statement by the practitioner that the patient has a serious medical condition and the patient is under the practitioner’s continuing care for the serious medical condition.
(4) The date of issuance.
(5) The name, address, telephone number, and signature of the practitioner.
(6) Any requirement or limitation concerning the appropriate form of medical cannabis and limitation on the duration of use, if applicable, including whether the patient is terminally ill.
(7) A statement by the practitioner attesting that he or she has performed the requirements contained in subsection (a) of this section on a form to be issued by the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, Bureau for Public Health.
(c) Consultation. —
(1) A practitioner shall review the prescription drug monitoring program prior to:
(A) Issuing a certification to determine the controlled substance history of a patient.
(B) Recommending a change of amount or form of medical cannabis.
(2) The practitioner shall consider and give due consideration to other controlled substances the patient may be taking prior to certifying medical cannabis.
(d) Other access by practitioner. — A practitioner may access the prescription drug monitoring program to do any of the following:
(1) Determine whether a patient may be under treatment with a controlled substance by another physician or other person.
(2) Allow the practitioner to review the patient’s controlled substance history as deemed necessary by the practitioner.
(3) Provide to the patient, or caregiver, on behalf of the patient if authorized by the patient, a copy of the patient’s controlled substance history.
(e) Duties of practitioner. — The practitioner shall:
(1) Provide the certification to the patient.
(2) Provide a copy of the certification to the bureau, which shall place the information in the patient directory within the bureau’s electronic database. The bureau shall permit electronic submission of the certification.
(3) File a copy of the certification in the patient’s health care record.
(f) Prohibition. — A practitioner may not issue a certification for the practitioner’s own use or for the use of a family or household member.
article 6. medical cannabis organizations.
§16A-6-3. Granting of permit.
(a) The bureau may grant or deny a permit to a grower, processor, or dispensary. In making a decision under this subsection, the bureau shall determine that:
(1) The applicant will maintain effective control of and prevent diversion of medical cannabis.
(2) The applicant will comply with all applicable laws of this state.
(3) The applicant is a resident of this state as defined in §29-22B-327 of this code or is organized under the law of this state. If the applicant is a business entity, majority ownership in the business entity must be held by a state resident or residents.
(4) The applicant is ready, willing, and able to properly carry on the activity for which a permit is sought.
(5) The applicant possesses the ability to obtain in an expeditious manner sufficient land, buildings, and equipment to properly grow, process, or dispense medical cannabis.
(6) It is in the public interest to grant the permit.
(7) The applicant, including the financial backer or principal, is of good moral character and has the financial fitness necessary to operate.
(8) The applicant is able to implement and maintain security, tracking, recordkeeping, and surveillance systems relating to the acquisition, possession, growth, manufacture, sale, delivery, transportation, distribution, or the dispensing of medical cannabis as required by the bureau.
(9) The applicant satisfies any other conditions as determined by the bureau.
(b) Nontransferability. — A permit issued under this chapter shall be nontransferable.
(c) Privilege. — The issuance or renewal of a permit shall be a revocable privilege.
(d) Regions. — The bureau shall establish a
minimum of three regions within this state for the purpose of granting permits
to grower/processors and dispensaries and enforcing this act. The bureau shall
approve permits for growers, processors and dispensaries in a manner which will
provide an adequate amount of medical cannabis to patients and caregivers in
all areas of this state. The bureau shall consider the following when issuing a
(d) Dispensary location. ─ The bureau shall consider the following when issuing a dispensary permit:
(1) Geographic location;
(1) (2) Regional population; (2) (3)
The number of patients suffering from serious medical conditions; (3) (4) The
types of serious medical conditions; (4) (5)
Access to public transportation; (5) (6)
Approval by local health departments; (6) (7)
Whether the county has disallowed the location of a grower, processor or
dispensary; and (7) (8) Any
other factor the bureau deems relevant.
(e) Application procedure. — The bureau shall establish a procedure for the fair and objective evaluation of all applications for all medical cannabis organization permits. Such evaluations shall score each applicant numerically according to standards set forth in this chapter.
§16A-6-13. Limitations on permits.
(a) The following limitations apply to approval of permits for growers, processors, and dispensaries, subject to the limitations in subsection (b) of this section:
(1) The bureau may not issue permits to more than 10 growers: Provided, That each grower may have up to two locations per permit.
(2) The bureau may not issue permits to more than 10 processors.
(3) The bureau may not
issue permits to more than
thirty 100 dispensaries. with no
more than five in any region
(4) The bureau may not
issue more than
two 10 individual dispensary permits to one
(5) The bureau may not issue more than one individual grower permit to one person.
(6) The bureau may not issue more than one individual processor permit to one person.
(7) A dispensary may only obtain medical cannabis from a grower or processor holding a valid permit under this act.
(8) A grower or processor may only provide medical cannabis to a dispensary holding a valid permit under this act.
A grower or a processor may not be a dispensary A person may hold a grower permit, a processor
permit, and a dispensary permit, or any combination thereof, concurrently.
(b) Before a permit may be issued, the bureau shall obtain the following:
(1) A written approval from the board of health for the county in which the permit is to be located and operate business.
(2) A written statement from the county commission for the county in which the permit is to be located and conduct business that the county has not voted, pursuant to §16A-7-6 of this code, to disapprove a medical cannabis organization to be located or operate within the county.
article 7. medical cannabis controls.
(a) A grower and processor shall contract with an independent laboratory to test the medical cannabis produced by the grower or processor. The bureau shall approve the laboratory and require that the laboratory report testing results in a manner as the bureau shall determine, including requiring a test at harvest and a test at final processing. The possession by a laboratory of medical cannabis shall be a lawful use.
(b) All medical cannabis produced pursuant to this chapter shall be subject to testing as directed by the bureau.
(c) The bureau shall ensure that there is sufficient testing capacity to meet patient demand.
(d) All laboratories providing testing pursuant to this section shall be certified to do so by the Office of Laboratory Services.
article 8. dispensaries.
§16A-8-1. Dispensing to patients and caregivers.
(a) General rule. — A dispensary that has been issued a permit under §16A-6-1 et seq. of this code may lawfully dispense medical cannabis to a patient or caregiver upon presentation to the dispensary of a valid identification card for that patient or caregiver. The dispensary shall provide to the patient or caregiver a receipt, as appropriate. The receipt shall include all of the following:
(1) The name, address and any identification number assigned to the dispensary by the bureau.
(2) The name and address of the patient and caregiver.
(3) The date the medical cannabis was dispensed.
(4) Any requirement or limitation by the practitioner as to the form of medical cannabis for the patient.
(5) The form and the quantity of medical cannabis dispensed.
(b) Requirements. — A
dispensary shall have a physician or a pharmacist onsite at all times during
the hours the dispensary is open to receive patients and caregivers. A
physician or a pharmacist shall, prior to assuming duties under this paragraph,
successfully complete the course established in subsection (a), section one,
article three of this chapter. A physician may not issue a certification to
authorize patients to receive medical cannabis or otherwise treat patients at
the dispensary (c) (b) Filing with bureau. — Prior
to dispensing medical cannabis to a patient or caregiver, the dispensary shall
file the receipt information with the bureau utilizing the electronic tracking
system. When filing receipts under this subsection, the dispensary shall
dispose of any electronically recorded certification information as provided by
rule. (d) (c) Limitations. — No dispensary
may dispense to a patient or caregiver:
(1) A quantity of medical cannabis greater than that which the patient or caregiver is permitted to possess under the certification; or
(2) A form of medical cannabis prohibited by this act.
(e) (d) Supply. — When dispensing medical
cannabis to a patient or caregiver, the dispensary may not dispense an amount
greater than a 30-day supply until the patient has exhausted all but a
seven-day supply provided pursuant to §16A-4-5 of this code. (f) (e) Verification. —
Prior to dispensing medical cannabis to a patient or caregiver, the dispensary
shall verify the information in subsections (d) and (f) of this section by
consulting the electronic tracking system included in the bureau’s electronic
database established under §16A-3-1 of this code and the dispensary tracking
system under §16A-7-1 of this code. (g) (f) Form of medical cannabis. — Medical
cannabis dispensed to a patient or caregiver by a dispensary shall conform to
any requirement or limitation set by the practitioner as to the form of medical
cannabis for the patient. (h) (g) Safety insert. — When a
dispensary dispenses medical cannabis to a patient or caregiver, the dispensary
shall provide to that patient or caregiver, as appropriate, a safety insert.
The insert shall be developed and approved by the bureau. The insert shall
provide the following information:
(1) Lawful methods for administering medical cannabis in individual doses.
(2) Any potential dangers stemming from the use of medical cannabis.
(3) How to recognize what may be problematic usage of medical cannabis and how to obtain appropriate services or treatment for problematic usage.
(4) How to prevent or deter the misuse of medical cannabis by minors or others.
(5) Any other information as determined by the bureau.
(i) (h) Sealed and labeled package. —
Medical cannabis shall be dispensed by a dispensary to a patient or caregiver
in a sealed, properly labeled, and child-resistant package. The labeling shall
contain the following:
(1) The information required to be included in the receipt provided to the patient or caregiver, as appropriate, by the dispensary.
(2) The packaging date.
(3) Any applicable date by which the medical cannabis should be used.
(4) A warning stating:
“This product is for medicinal use only. Women should not consume during pregnancy or while breastfeeding except on the advice of the practitioner who issued the certification and, in the case of breastfeeding, the infant’s pediatrician. This product might impair the ability to drive or operate heavy machinery. Keep out of reach of children.”
(5) The amount of individual doses contained within the package and the species and percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol.
(6) A warning that the medical cannabis must be kept in the original container in which it was dispensed.
(7) A warning that unauthorized use is unlawful and will subject the person to criminal penalties.
(8) Any other information required by the bureau.
article 9. tax on medical cannabis.
§16A-9-1. Tax on medical cannabis.
Tax imposed. — A tax is imposed on the gross receipts of a
grower/processor received from the sale of medical cannabis by a grower/processor
to a dispensary, to be paid by the grower/processor, at the rate of ten
percent. The tax shall be charged against and be paid by the grower/processor
and shall not be added as a separate charge or line item on any sales slip,
invoice, receipt or other statement or memorandum of the price paid by a
dispensary, patient or caregiver. (b)
Payment of tax and reports. — A grower/processor shall make
quarterly payments under this section for each calendar quarter at the rate
prescribed in subsection (a) on the gross receipts for the calendar quarter.
The tax shall be due and payable on the 20th day of January, April, July and
October for the preceding calendar quarter on a form prescribed by the
Department of Revenue
(a) Tax imposed. -- For the privilege of engaging or continuing within this state in the business of a dispensary of medical cannabis, as defined in §16A-2-1 of this code, there is hereby levied upon and collected from every person exercising the privilege a privilege tax.
(b) Rate and measure of tax. ─ The rate of tax imposed by this section shall be 10 percent of the gross receipts the dispensary receives or accrues during the reporting period, depending upon its method of accounting for federal income tax purposes, from the sale of medical cannabis to a patient or to a caregiver. The tax imposed by this section shall not be added by the dispensary as a separate charge or line item on any sales slip, invoice, receipt, other statement, or memorandum of the price paid by a patient, or caregiver.
(c) Definitions. – For purposes of this article:
(1) “Gross receipts” means and includes the gross receipts, however denominated, derived from the sale, distribution, or transfer of medical cannabis, without any deduction on account of the cost of property sold; the cost of materials used to grow, process, or sell the medical cannabis; labor costs, taxes, royalties paid in cash or in kind, or otherwise; interest or discount paid; or any other expense, however denominated.
(2) “Person” includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, or other business entity as those terms are defined in §11-1-1 et seq. of this code.
(d) Payment of tax and reports. — A grower/processor Every
person subject to the tax imposed by this section shall make quarterly
payments under this section for each calendar quarter at the rate prescribed in
subsection (a) (b) of this section on the gross receipts received
or accrued for the calendar quarter, depending upon the person’s method
of accounting for federal income tax purposes. The tax shall be due and
payable on the 20th day of January, April, July and October for the preceding
calendar quarter. on a form prescribed by the Department of Revenue When
the payment of tax is due, the person shall file a tax return in a form
prescribed by the Tax Commissioner. The Tax Commissioner may require such
forms, schedules, and returns and impose such filing and remittance
requirements as may be necessary or convenient for the efficient administration
of taxes imposed by this section.
(e) Electronic filing and payment. ─ The taxes imposed by this section shall be paid to the Tax Commissioner by electronic funds transfer, unless electronic payment is prohibited by state or federal law. Tax returns required by this section shall be filed electronically with the Tax Commissioner.
(f) Liability for reporting and payment of tax. -- If any dispensary does not renew its permit, gives up its permit, loses its permit to operate a dispensary, or otherwise ceases business, then any tax, additions to tax, penalties and interest imposed by this article and by §11-10-1 et seq. of this code shall become due and payable immediately and the dispensary shall make a final return or returns and pay any tax which is due within thirty days after not renewing its permit, giving up its permit, losing its permit to operate a dispensary, or otherwise ceasing business. The unpaid amount of any tax is a lien upon the property of the dispensary and of its owners.
(g) Deposits of proceeds. – All money received from the tax
imposed under subsection (a) this section, including any interest and
additions to tax paid under §11-10-1 et seq., less the amount of any
refunds, shall be deposited into the fund Medical Cannabis
Program Fund. (d)
(h) Exemption. — Medical Sales of medical cannabis
shall not be subject to a sales tax the taxes imposed by §11-15-1 et
seq. and §11-15A-1 et seq. of this code, if gross receipts from the
sale thereof are included in the measure of tax under this section and the tax
has been paid as provided in this section. Additionally, sales of medical
cannabis shall not be subject to a special district excise tax imposed by a
county or municipality pursuant to this code, or to a county or municipal sales
(i) Information. — A grower/processor that sells medical
cannabis shall provide to the Department of Revenue information required by the
(1) Persons subject to the tax imposed by this section shall provide to the Tax Commissioner any information the Tax Commissioner may require to administer, collect, and enforce the tax imposed by this section.
(2) Notwithstanding any provision of §11-10-1 et seq. of this code or of this article to the contrary, the Tax Commissioner, the bureau, and the Secretary of Health and Human Resources may enter into written agreements pursuant to which the Tax Commissioner will disclose to designated employees of the bureau and the Secretary of Health and Human Resources, whether a particular grower, processor, or dispensary is in good standing with the Tax Commissioner, and the bureau and the Secretary will disclose to designated employees of the Tax Commissioner information a grower, processor, or dispensary provides to the bureau and the Secretary pursuant to this code. Tax information disclosed pursuant to a written agreement shall remain confidential in the hands of the receiver and shall not be disclosable under §29B-1-1 et seq. of this code. To the extent feasible, this information should be shared or exchanged electronically
(j) Rules. -- The Tax Commissioner may promulgate, in accordance with the provisions of §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code, such procedural, interpretive, or legislative rules, including emergency rules, as the Tax Commissioner may deem necessary or convenient for the efficient administration of taxes imposed by this §16A-9-1 of this code.
§16A-9-3. Tax on medical cannabis crimes and penalties.
Notwithstanding any provision in §11-9-1 et seq. of this code to the contrary, each and every provision of the “West Virginia Tax Crimes and Penalties Act” set forth in §11-9-1 et seq. of this code shall apply to the tax imposed by §16A-9-1 et seq. of this code with like effect as if said act were applicable only to the tax imposed by §16A-9-1 et seq. of this code and were set forth in extenso in §16A-9-1 et seq. of this code.
§16A-9-4. Procedure and administration of the tax on medical cannabis.
Notwithstanding any provision of §11-10-1 et seq. of this code or any other provision of this code to the contrary, each and every provision of the “West Virginia Tax Procedure and Administration Act” set forth in §11-10-1 et seq. of this code, shall apply to the tax imposed by §16A-9-1 et seq. with like effect as if the said West Virginia Tax Procedure and Administration Act were applicable only to the tax imposed by §16A-9-1 et seq. of this code and were set forth in extenso in §16A-9-1 et seq. of this code.
article 10. administration.
§16A-10-6. Emergency rules.
(a) Promulgation. — In order to facilitate the prompt implementation of this act, the bureau may promulgate emergency rules that shall expire not later than two years following the publication of the emergency rule.
(b) Expiration. — The bureau’s authority to
adopt emergency rules under subsection (a) of this section shall expire
years after the effective date of this section July 1, 2021. Rules
adopted after this period shall be promulgated as provided by law.
(c) Publication. — The bureau shall begin publishing emergency rules in the State Register no later than six months after the effective date of this section.
article 11. medical cannabis advisory board.
§16A-11-1. Advisory board.
(a) The Medical Cannabis Advisory Board is established within the bureau. The advisory board shall consist of the following members:
(1) The commissioner or a designee.
(2) The Superintendent of the West Virginia State Police or a designee.
(3) Four physicians licensed to practice in the state to be appointed by the State Medical Association with one from each of the following specialized medicine:
(A) Family Practice/Neurologist/General Practitioner.
(B) Pain Management.
(C) Oncologist/Palliative Care.
(4) Two physicians who are licensed pursuant to §30-14-1 et seq. of this code appointed by the West Virginia Osteopathic Association.
One pharmacist licensed to practice in the state, to be designated by the Board
of Pharmacy. (5) (6)
One pharmacologist who has experience in the science of cannabis and a
knowledge of the uses, effects, and modes of actions of drugs, to be appointed
by the Governor. (6) (7)
One member who is a horticulturalist, to be designated by the West Virginia
Commissioner of Agriculture. (7) (8)
One member designated by the West Virginia Association of Alcoholism and Drug
Counselors. (8) (9)
An attorney licensed in the state who is knowledgeable about medical cannabis
laws. (9) (10)
One member appointed by the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute. (10) (11)
One member appointed by the Governor, who shall be a patient, a family or
household member of a patient or a patient advocate.
(b) Terms. — Except as provided under subsection (g) of this section, the members shall serve a term of four years or until a successor has been appointed and qualified, but no longer than six months beyond the four-year period.
(c) Chair. — The commissioner, or a designee, shall serve as chair of the advisory board.
(d) Voting; quorum. — A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum for the purpose of organizing the advisory board, conducting its business and fulfilling its duties. A vote of the majority of the members present shall be sufficient for all actions of the advisory board unless the bylaws require a greater number.
(e) Attendance. — A member of the advisory board who fails to attend three consecutive meetings shall be deemed vacant, unless the commissioner, upon written request from the member, finds that the member should be excused from a meeting for good cause. A member who cannot be physically present may attend meetings via electronic means, including video conference.
(f) Governance. — The advisory board shall have the power to prescribe, amend and repeal bylaws governing the manner in which the business of the advisory board is conducted and the manner in which the duties granted to it are fulfilled. The advisory board may delegate supervision of the administration of advisory board activities to an administrative commissioner and other employees of the bureau as the commissioner shall appoint.
(g) Initial terms. — The initial terms of members appointed under subsection (a) of this section shall be for terms of one, two, three, or four years, the particular term of each member to be designated by the commissioner at the time of appointment. All other members shall serve for a term of four years.
(h) Vacancy. — In the event that any member appointed under subsection (a) of this section shall die or resign or otherwise become disqualified during the member’s term of office, a successor shall be appointed in the same way and with the same qualifications as set forth in this section and shall hold office for the unexpired term. An appointed member of the advisory board shall be eligible for reappointment.
(i) Expenses. — A member shall receive the amount of reasonable travel, hotel, and other necessary expenses incurred in the performance of the duties of the member in accordance with state rules but shall receive no other compensation for the member’s service on the board.
(j) Duties. — The advisory board shall have the following duties:
(1) To examine and analyze the statutory and regulatory law relating to medical cannabis within this state.
(2) To examine and analyze the law and events in other states and the nation with respect to medical cannabis.
(3) To accept and review written comments from individuals and organizations about medical cannabis.
(4) To issue, two years after the effective date of this section, a written report to the Governor, the Senate, and the House of Delegates.
(5) The written report under subdivision (4) shall include recommendations and findings as to the following:
(A) Whether to change the types of medical professionals who can issue certifications to patients.
(B) Whether to change, add, or reduce the types of medical conditions which qualify as serious medical conditions under this act.
(C) Whether to change the form of medical cannabis permitted under this act.
(D) Whether to change, add, or reduce the number of growers, processors or dispensaries.
(E) How to ensure affordable patient access to medical cannabis.
(F) Whether to permit medical cannabis to be dispensed in dry leaf or plant form, for administration by vaporization.
(6) The final written report under this section shall be adopted at a public meeting.
article 15. miscellaneous provisions.
§16A-15-10. State employee actions and federal law.
(a) No cause of action exists against the state officers and employees in their personal capacities, while acting within the scope of duties contemplated by §16A-1-1 et seq. of this code. Any recovery for claims or actions arising from this section is limited solely to the proceeds of available insurance coverage.
(b) To the extent permitted by law, the State of West Virginia shall defend state officers and employees involved in implementing the provisions of §16A-1-1 et seq. of this code against any claims, charges, liabilities, or expenses and shall indemnify and hold harmless state officers and employees involved in implementing the provisions of §16A-1-1 et seq. of this code provided they acted within the scope of their duties or employment in accordance with the act, including without limitation, defense in any state, federal, or local court and payment of the amount of any judgment obtained, damages, legal fees, expenses, and any other expenses incurred.
article 16. effective date.
§16A-16-1. Effective date.
(a) Unless excepted in subsection (b) or (c), the provisions of this act shall be effective upon passage.
(b) The provisions of §16A-12-1 et seq. of this code, and any other criminal provisions or penalties contained in this act, shall not be effective until 90 days from passage of Senate Bill 386 during the 2017 regular session.
(c) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter to the contrary, no identification cards may be issued to patients until July 1, 2019. The Bureau may take sufficient steps through rule to implement the preliminary provisions in preparation for implementation of the provisions of this act.
(d) Notwithstanding the prohibition contained in subsection (c) on the issuance of identification cards until July 1, 2019, the bureau may implement a process for the pre-registration of patients with a serious medical condition who have been issued a certification approved by the bureau and to a caregiver designated by the patient: Provided, That a patient who is pre-registered must nevertheless comply with the provisions of §16A-5-1 of this code and may not be issued an identification card necessary to obtain and use medical cannabis as authorized by this act until July 1, 2019.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to modify the limitations on permits for growers, processors and dispensaries of medical cannabis. The bill increases the number of permits that the bureau may issue for growers, processors and dispensaries of medical cannabis. The bill permits growers, processors and dispensaries to be the same person or entity. The bill defines and modifies terms; modifies conditions for issuance of patient certifications; and requires that one or more state residents own a majority of a medical cannabis business entity. The bill imposes an excise tax on dispensaries of medical cannabis measured by the gross receipts from such sales, and provides for the administration, collection and enforcement of the tax. In addition to exempting sales of medical cannabis from sales tax, the bill exempts sales from district excises taxes imposed by a county or municipality and from local sales taxes. The bill provides for the state to defend and indemnify state officials and employees acting within the scope of their employment when implementing the act.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.