WEST virginia legislature
2017 regular session
Senate Bill 187
By Senators Takubo, Facemire, Jeffries and Woelfel
[Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary; reported on
March 11, 2017]
A BILL to amend and reenact §27-3-1 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating generally to confidentiality of medical records for patients’ physical, mental or emotional conditions generally; eliminating disclosure exception for treatment or internal review purposes; eliminating 30-day requirement; eliminating requirement that provider make good faith effort to obtain consent from the patient or legal representative; eliminating requirement that the minimum information necessary is released for a specifically stated purpose; eliminating requirement that prompt notice of the disclosure, the recipient of the information and the purpose of the disclosure is given to the patient or legal representative; and adopting provisions of federal law which pertain to disclosure of protected health information.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §27-3-1 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 3. CONFIDENTIALITY.
§27-3-1. Definition of confidential information; disclosure.
(a) Communications and information obtained in the course of treatment or evaluation of any client or patient are confidential information. Such confidential information includes the fact that a person is or has been a client or patient, information transmitted by a patient or client or family thereof for purposes relating to diagnosis or treatment, information transmitted by persons participating in the accomplishment of the objectives of diagnosis or treatment, all diagnoses or opinions formed regarding a client’s or patient’s physical, mental or emotional condition, any advice, instructions or prescriptions issued in the course of diagnosis or treatment, and any record or characterization of the matters hereinbefore described. It does not include information which does not identify a client or patient, information from which a person acquainted with a client or patient would not recognize such client or patient and uncoded information from which there is no possible means to identify a client or patient.
(b) Confidential information shall not be disclosed, except:
(1) In a proceeding under section four, article five of this chapter to disclose the results of an involuntary examination made pursuant to section two, three or four of said article;
(2) In a proceeding under article six-a of this chapter to disclose the results of an involuntary examination made pursuant thereto;
(3) Pursuant to an order of any court based upon a finding that the information is sufficiently relevant to a proceeding before the court to outweigh the importance of maintaining the confidentiality established by this section;
(4) To provide notice to the federal National Instant Criminal Background Check System, established pursuant to section 103(d) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, 18 U. S. C. §922, in accordance with article seven-a, chapter sixty-one of this code;
(5) To protect against a clear and substantial danger of imminent injury by a patient or client to himself, herself or another;
(6) For treatment or
internal review purposes, to staff of the mental health facility where the
patient is being cared for or to other health professionals involved in
treatment of the patient; and (7) Without the patient's
consent as provided for under the Privacy Rule of the federal Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, 45 C.F.R. §164.506, for thirty days
from the date of admission to a mental health facility if: (i) The provider
makes a good faith effort to obtain consent from the patient or legal
representative prior to disclosure; (ii) the minimum information necessary is
released for a specifically stated purpose; and (iii) prompt notice of the
disclosure, the recipient of the information and the purpose of the disclosure
is given to the patient or legal representative.
(6) Pursuant to and as provided for under the federal privacy rule of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 in 45 CFR §164.506; and
(7) Pursuant to and as provided for under the federal privacy rule of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 in 45 CFR §164.512: Provided, That disclosures made pursuant to 45 CFR §164.512(e) comply with subdivision (3) of this subsection.