WEST virginia legislature
2022 regular session
Senate Bill 232
By Senator Trump
[Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary; reported on February 24, 2022]
A BILL to amend and reenact §61-11-18 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to punishment for third offense felony; clarifying that release from incarceration includes federal incarceration; requiring that for what would otherwise be a qualifying offense not to be such at least 20 years of unincaracerated, unsupervised time must have elapsed between the most recent felony offense and the previous offense; and relating to punishment for third offense felony.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 11. GENERAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING CRIMES.
§61-11-18. Punishment for second or third offense of felony.
(a) For purposes of this section, “qualifying offense” means any offenses or an attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses in the following provisions of this code:
(1) §60A-4-401(i) and §60A-4-401(ii);
(3) §60A-4-409(b)(1), §60A-4-409(2), and §60A-4-409(3);
(12) §61-2-9a(d) and §61-2-9a(e);
(16) §61-2-10b(b) and §61-2-10b(c);
(17) Felony provisions of §61-2-10b(d);
(19) Felony provisions of §61-2-13;
(21) §61-2-14a(a) and §61-2-14a(d);
(23) §61-2-14d(a) and §61-2-14d(b);
(25) §61-2-14h(a), §61-2-14h(b), and §61-2-14h(c);
(26) §61-2-16a(a) and §61-2-16a(b);
(27) Felony provisions of §61-2-16a(c);
(29) §61-2-29(d) and §61-2-29(e);
(43) §61-5-17(b), §61-5-17(f), §61-5-17(h), and §61-5-17(i);
(46) Felony provisions of §61-7-7;
(71) §61-14-2; and
(72) §17C-5-2(b), driving under the influence causing death.
(b) Except as provided by subsection (c) of this section, when any person is convicted of a qualifying offense and is subject to imprisonment in a state correctional facility therefor, and it is determined, as provided in §61-11-19 of this code, that such person had been before convicted in the United States of a crime punishable by imprisonment in state or federal correctional facility, the court shall, if the sentence to be imposed is for a definite term of years, add five years to the time for which the person is or would be otherwise sentenced. Whenever in such case the court imposes an indeterminate sentence, the minimum term shall be twice the term of years otherwise provided for under such sentence.
(c) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, when any person is convicted of first degree murder or second degree murder or a violation of §61-8B-3 of this code and it is determined, as provided in §61-11-19 of this code, that such person had been before convicted in this state of first degree murder, second degree murder, or a violation of §61-8B-3 of this code, or has been so convicted under any law of the United States or any other state for an offense which has the same or substantially similar elements as any offense described in this subsection, such person shall be punished by imprisonment in a state correctional facility for life and is not eligible for parole.
(d) When it is determined,
as provided in §61-11-19 of this code, that such person shall have been twice
before convicted in the United States of a crime punishable by imprisonment in
a state or federal correctional facility which has the same or
substantially similar elements as a qualifying offense, the person shall be
sentenced to imprisonment in a state correctional facility for life: Provided,
That prior convictions arising from the same transaction or series of
transactions shall be considered a single offense for purposes of this section:
Provided, however, That
an the most recent previous qualifying
offense which would otherwise constitute a qualifying offense for purposes of
this subsection subsection (b) of this section shall may
not be considered if more than 20 years have elapsed between: that offense
and (1) The release of the person from his or her term of imprisonment
or period of supervision resulting from the most recent qualifying offense or
the expiration of a period of supervised release resulting from such offense;
and (2) the conduct underlying the current charge.