WEST virginia legislature
2018 regular session
Senate Bill 626
By Senator Smith
[Originating in the Committee on Energy, Industry, and Mining; Reported on February 19, 2018]
A BILL to amend and reenact §22-3-9 and §22-3-20 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; to amend and reenact §22-11-7a of said code; to amend and reenact §22A-1-36 of said code; to amend said code by adding thereto a new section, designated §22A-1-42; to amend and reenact §22A-2-2, §22A-2-3, §22A-2-4, §22A-2-4a, §22A-2-5, §22A-2-25, §22A-2-26, §22A-2-37, and §22A-2-55 of said code; and to amend and reenact §22A-2A-1001 of said code, all relating generally to coal mining; establishing new notice requirements regarding permit applications under the Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act; clarifying when a certification is granted under the Water Pollution Control Act; clarifying when a comprehensive mine safety program is subject to annual review; establishing the use of MSHA-approved ground control plans for surface operations; requiring automated external defibrillators be present on surface operations; requiring the Director of the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety, and Training to promulgate emergency rules; providing that one MSHA-approved plan may be submitted to the director in lieu of separate state-approved plans for ventilation, seals, roof control, belt air, self-contained self-rescuer storage, tracking and communication, and emergency shelters; requiring that the MSHA-approved comprehensive safety plan be forwarded to the director in a timely manner; and permitting the use of diesel-powered generators in underground mines under certain conditions.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
CHAPTER 22. ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES.
ARTICLE 3. SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ACT.
§22-3-9. Permit application requirements and contents.
(a) The surface mining permit application shall contain:
(1) The names and addresses of: (A) The permit applicant; (B) the owner of record of the property, surface, and mineral to be mined; (C) the holders of record of any leasehold interest in the property; (D) any purchaser of record of the property under a real estate contract; (E) the operator, if different from the applicant; and (F) if any of these are business entities other than a single proprietor, the names and addresses of the principals, officers, and resident agent;
(2) The names and addresses of the owners of record of all surface and subsurface areas contiguous to any part of the proposed permit area: Provided, That all residents living on property contiguous to the proposed permit area shall be notified by the applicant, by registered or certified mail, of such application on or before the first day of publication of the notice provided for in §22-3-9(a)(6) of this code;
(3) A statement of any current surface mining permits held by the applicant in the state and the permit number and each pending application;
(4) If the applicant is a partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity, the following where applicable: The names and addresses of every officer, partner, resident agent, director or person performing a function similar to a director, together with the names and addresses of any person owning of record 10 percent or more of any class of voting stock of the applicant; and a list of all names under which the applicant, officer, director, partner, or principal shareholder previously operated a surface mining operation in the United States within the five-year period preceding the date of submission of the application;
(5) A statement of whether the applicant, or any officer, partner, director, principal shareholder of the applicant, any subsidiary, affiliate, or persons controlled by or under common control with the applicant, has ever been an officer, partner, director, or principal shareholder in a company which has ever held a federal or state mining permit which in the five-year period prior to the date of submission of the application has been permanently suspended or revoked or has had a mining bond or similar security deposited in lieu of bond forfeited and, if so, a brief explanation of the facts involved;
(6) A copy of the applicant’s advertisement to be
in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality of the
proposed permit area at least once a week for four successive weeks on a
form and in a manner prescribed by the secretary, which manner may be
electronic. The advertisement shall contain, in abbreviated form, the
information required by this section including the ownership and map of the
tract location and boundaries of the proposed site so that the proposed
operation is readily locatable by local residents, the location of the office
of the division department where the application is available for
public inspection, and stating that written protests will be accepted by the director
secretary until a certain date which is at least 30 days after the last publication
of the applicant’s advertisement;
(7) A description of the type and method of surface mining operation that exists or is proposed, the engineering techniques used or proposed, and the equipment used or proposed to be used;
(8) The anticipated starting and termination dates of each phase of the surface mining operation and the number of acres of land to be affected;
(9) A description of the legal documents upon which the
applicant’s legal right to enter and conduct surface mining operations on the
proposed permit area is based and whether that right is the subject of pending
court litigation: Provided, That nothing in this article may be construed
as vesting in the
director secretary the jurisdiction to
adjudicate property-rights disputes;
(10) The name of the watershed and location of the surface stream or tributary into which surface and pit drainage will be discharged;
(11) A determination of the probable hydrologic
consequences of the mining and reclamation operations, both on and off the mine
site, with respect to the hydrologic regime, quantity and quality of water in
surface and groundwater systems, including the dissolved and suspended solids
under seasonal flow conditions and the collection of sufficient data for the
mine site and surrounding areas so that an assessment can be made by the
secretary of the probable cumulative impacts of all anticipated mining
in the area upon the hydrology of the area, and particularly upon water
availability: Provided, That this determination is not required until such
the time as hydrologic information on the general area prior to
mining is made available from an appropriate federal or state agency or, if
existing and in the possession of the applicant, from the applicant: Provided,
however, That the permit application shall not be approved until the
information is available and is incorporated into the application;
(12) Accurate maps to an appropriate scale clearly
showing: (A) The land to be affected as of the date of application; (B) the
area of land within the permit area upon which the applicant has the legal
right to enter and conduct surface mining operations; and (C) all types of information
set forth on enlarged topographical maps of the United States geological survey
of a scale of 1:24,000 or larger, including all man-made features and
significant known archaeological sites existing on the date of application. In
addition to other things specified by the
director secretary, the
map shall show the boundary lines and names of present owners of record of all
surface areas abutting the proposed permit area and the location of all
structures within 1,000 feet of the proposed permit area;
(13) Cross-section maps or plans of the proposed affected
area, including the actual area to be mined, prepared by, or under the
direction of, and certified by a person approved by the
showing pertinent elevation and location of test borings or core samplings,
where required by the director secretary, and depicting the
following information: (A) The nature and depth of the various strata or
overburden; (B) the location of subsurface water, if encountered, and its
quality; (C) the nature and thickness of any coal or rider seams above the seam
to be mined; (D) the nature of the stratum immediately beneath the coal seam to
be mined; (E) all mineral crop lines and the strike and dip of the coal to be
mined, within the area of land to be affected; (F) existing or previous surface
mining limits; (G) the location and extent of known workings of any underground
mines, including mine openings to the surface; (H) the location of any
significant aquifers; (I) the estimated elevation of the water table; (J) the
location of spoil, waste, or refuse areas and topsoil preservation areas; (K)
the location of all impoundments for waste or erosion control; (L) any settling
or water treatment facility or drainage system; (M) constructed or natural
drainways and the location of any discharges to any surface body of water on
the area of land to be affected or adjacent thereto; and (N) adequate profiles
at appropriate cross sections of the anticipated final surface configuration
that will be achieved pursuant to the operator’s proposed reclamation plan;
(14) A statement of the result of test borings or core
samples from the permit area, including: (A) Logs of the drill holes; (B) the
thickness of the coal seam to be mined and analysis of the chemical and
physical properties of the coal; (C) the sulfur content of any coal seam; (D)
chemical analysis of potentially acid or toxic forming sections of the
overburden; and (E) chemical analysis of the stratum lying immediately
underneath the coal to be mined: Provided, That the provisions of this
subdivision may be waived by the
director secretary with respect
to the specific application by a written determination that such requirements
(15) For those lands in the permit application which a
reconnaissance inspection suggests may be prime farmlands, a soil survey shall
be made or obtained according to standards established by the
of Agriculture in order to confirm the exact location of such the
(16) A reclamation plan as presented in §22-3-10 of this code;
(17) Information pertaining to coal seams, test borings, core samplings, or soil samples as required by this section shall be made available to any person with an interest who is or may be adversely affected: Provided, That information which pertains only to the analysis of the chemical and physical properties of the coal, except information regarding mineral or elemental content which is potentially toxic to the environment, shall be kept confidential and not made a matter of public record;
(18) When requested by the
the climatological factors that are peculiar to the locality of the land to be
affected, including the average seasonal precipitation, the average direction
and velocity of prevailing winds, and the seasonal temperature ranges; and
(19) Other information that may be required by rules reasonably necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article.
(b) If the
director secretary finds that the
probable total annual production at all locations of any coal surface mining
operator will not exceed 300,000 tons, the determination of probable hydrologic
consequences including the engineering analyses and designs necessary as
required by this article or rules promulgated thereunder; the development of
cross-section maps and plans as required by this article or rules promulgated
thereunder; the geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings and
core samplings as required by this article or rules promulgated thereunder;
preblast surveys required by this article or rules promulgated thereunder; the
collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection
and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats and other environmental
values required by this article or rules promulgated thereunder; and the
collection of archaeological and historical information required by this
article and rules promulgated thereunder and any other archaeological and
historical information required by the federal Department of the Interior and
the preparation of plans that may be necessitated thereby shall, upon the
written request of the operator, be performed by a qualified public or private
laboratory designated by the director secretary and a reasonable
cost of the preparation of such the determination and statement
shall be assumed by the division department from funds provided
by the United States Department of the Interior pursuant to the federal Surface
Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, as amended.
(c) Before the first publication of the applicant’s
advertisement as provided in this section, each applicant for a surface
mining permit shall file, except for that information pertaining to the coal
seam itself, a copy of the application for public inspection in the nearest
office of the
division department as specified in the applicant’s
(d) Each applicant for a permit shall be required to
submit to the
director secretary as a part of the permit
application a certificate issued by an insurance company authorized to do
business in this state covering the surface mining operation for which the
permit is sought, or evidence that the applicant has satisfied state
self-insurance requirements. The policy shall provide for personal injury and
property damage protection in an amount adequate to compensate any persons
damaged as a result of surface coal mining and reclamation operations,
including use of explosives, and entitled to compensation under the applicable
provisions of state law. The policy shall be maintained in full force and
effect during the terms of the permit or any renewal, including the length of
all reclamation operations.
(e) Each applicant for a surface mining permit shall
submit to the
director secretary as part of the permit
application a blasting plan where explosives are to be used, which shall
outline the procedures and standards by which the operator will meet the
provisions of the blasting performance standards.
(f) The applicant shall file, as part of the permit application, a schedule listing all notices of violation, bond forfeitures, permit revocations, cessation orders, or permanent suspension orders resulting from a violation of the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, as amended, this article or any law or regulation of the United States or any department or agency of any state pertaining to air or environmental protection received by the applicant in connection with any surface mining operation during the three-year period prior to the date of application, and indicating the final resolution of any notice of violation, forfeiture, revocation, cessation, or permanent suspension.
(g) Within five working days of receipt of an application
for a permit, the
director secretary shall notify the operator in
writing, stating whether the application is administratively complete and
whether the operator’s advertisement may be published. If the application is
not administratively complete, the director secretary shall state
in writing why the application is not administratively complete.
§22-3-20. Public notice; written objections; public hearings; informal conferences.
(a) At the time of submission of an application for a
surface mining permit or a significant revision of an existing permit pursuant
to the provisions of this article, the applicant shall submit to the department
a copy of the required advertisement for public notice on a form and in a
manner prescribed by the secretary, which manner may be electronic.
the time of submission, the applicant shall place the advertisement in a local
newspaper of general circulation in the county of the proposed surface-mining
operation at least once a week for four consecutive weeks. The secretary
shall notify various appropriate federal and state agencies as well as local
governmental bodies, planning agencies, and sewage and water treatment
authorities or water companies in the locality in which the proposed surface mining
operation will take place, notifying them of the operator’s intention to mine
on a particularly described tract of land and indicating the application number
and where a copy of the proposed mining and reclamation plan may be inspected.
These local bodies, agencies, authorities, or companies may submit written
comments within a reasonable period established by the secretary on the mining
application with respect to the effect of the proposed operation on the
environment which is within their area of responsibility. Such The
comments shall be immediately transmitted by the secretary to the applicant and
to the appropriate office of the department. The secretary shall provide the
name and address of each applicant to the Commissioner of the Division of Labor
who shall, within 15 days from receipt, notify the secretary as to the
applicant’s compliance, if necessary, pursuant to §21-5-14 of this code.
(b) Any person having an interest which is or may be
adversely affected, or the officer or head of any federal, state, or local
governmental agency, has the right to file written objections to the proposed
initial or revised permit application for a surface mining operation with the
secretary within 30 days after the last publication of the advertisement
required in §22-3-20(a) of this code.
Such The objections shall
be immediately transmitted to the applicant by the secretary and shall be made
available to the public. If written objections are filed and an informal
conference requested within 30 days of the last publication of the above
notice, the secretary shall then hold a conference in the locality of the
proposed mining within a reasonable time after the close of the public comment
period. Those requesting the conference shall be notified and the date, time,
and location of the informal conference shall also be advertised by the
secretary in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality on a
form and in a manner prescribed by the secretary, which manner may be
electronic, at least two weeks prior to the scheduled conference date. The
secretary may arrange with the applicant, upon request by any party to the
conference proceeding, access to the proposed mining area for the purpose of
gathering information relevant to the proceeding. An electronic or stenographic
record shall be made of the conference proceeding unless waived by all parties.
The record shall be maintained and shall be accessible to the parties at their
respective expense until final release of the applicant’s bond or other
security posted in lieu thereof. The secretary’s authorized agent shall preside
over the conference. In the event all parties requesting the informal
conference stipulate agreement prior to the conference and withdraw their
request, a conference need not be held.
ARTICLE 11. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT.
§22-11-7a. Certification agreements; required
; effective date.
(a) Any applicant for the water quality certification that
seeks certification of activities covered by the United States Army Corps of
Engineers permits issued in accordance with 33 U.S.C. §1344 and 33 C.F.R. Parts
323 or 330
for use at or in conjunction with a surface coal mining operation
as defined in section three, article three of this chapter, certification may
be issued subject to the following conditions: in accordance with the
legislative rules entitled Rules for Individual State Certification of
Activities Requiring a Federal Permit, 47 C.S.R. 5A. (1) If the applicant’s surface coal mining operation will
not impact waters of the state designated as national resource waters and
streams where trout naturally reproduce and will not impact wetlands of the
state in a manner inconsistent with all applicable state or federal standards
as the case may be, as required by the federal Clean Water Act, and if the
watershed above the toe of the farthest downstream permanent structure
authorized pursuant to the United States Army Corps of Engineers permits issued
in accordance with 33 U.S.C. §1344 and 33 C.F.R. Parts 323 or 330 is less than
two hundred fifty acres, then the director may issue a water quality
certification pursuant to the requirements of this section. If the watershed
above the toe of the farthest downstream permanent structure impacted is equal
to or greater than two hundred fifty acres, the director shall require that
mitigation be undertaken. Additionally, the director may require mitigation for
temporary impacts to waters of the state as specified in subdivision (2) of
this subsection. (2) If the watershed above the toe of the farthest
downstream permanent structure authorized pursuant to the United States Army
Corps of Engineers permits issued in accordance with 33 U.S.C. §1344 and 33
C.F.R. Parts 323 or 330 is greater than or equal to two hundred fifty acres and
all other necessary requirements are met consistent with this section, the
director shall further condition a water quality certification on a requirement
that the applicant mitigate the expected water quality impacts under the
following conditions: (A) The water quality certification may require mitigation
at a ratio appropriate to the type of waters impacted, consistent with state or
federal standards as required by the federal Clean Water Act, for the types and
locations of waters impacted; (B) The Director may accept mitigation on the permitted
area, mitigation off the permitted area, mitigation banking of waters of the
state, or any combination thereof, or any other mitigation measure acceptable
to the Director; and (C) The Director shall provide credit for any mitigation
that is a required component of the permit issued by the United States Army
Corps of Engineers pursuant to 33 U.S.C. §1344 to the extent that it satisfies
required mitigation pursuant to this section. (D) Upon completion of the work required by an agreement to
conduct operations authorized by this subsection the surface coal mining
operation shall obtain a certification from a registered professional engineer
that all mitigation work specified in the agreement has been completed in
accordance with the conditions of the water quality certification. The director
shall promptly review the certification and provide to the surface coal mining
operation with notice that all mitigation work has been successfully completed,
or that further mitigation work is necessary to meet the conditions imposed by
the water quality certification. The mitigation amount may not exceed $200,000
per acre of stream disturbed above the toe of the farthest downstream permanent
structure. Those moneys shall be deposited in the stream restoration fund under
the jurisdiction of the Division of Environmental Protection and any
expenditures from this fund after June 30, 1998, shall not be authorized from
collections but shall only be authorized by appropriation by the Legislature.
Additionally, the expenditures are only authorized in those counties where the
activity leading to the mitigation occurred or in those counties adjacent to
the counties where the activity leading to the mitigation occurred. The
Director shall by December 31, of each year provide a report to the Joint
Committee on Government and Finance on receipts and expenditures from the
stream restoration fund, the number of acreage reclaimed by the Division through
the use of these funds and the effectiveness of achieving stream restoration
through the payment of the mitigation amounts into the fund in lieu of
reclamation by the certificate holder. (3) The Director shall confer with representatives of the
surface coal mining industry and representatives of environmental organizations
with an interest in water quality in developing a manual of approval options
for mitigation on permitted areas, mitigation off permitted areas and
mitigation involving banking of waters of the state. (4) (1) The
proposed surface coal mining operation activity shall comply with
all applicable state and federal laws, rules, and regulations. (5) (2) The director
secretary shall propose rules for legislative approval in accordance
with §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code, for the purpose of implementing the
provisions of this section which rules shall include, but not be limited to,
(A) Establishing all necessary operational and performance
an operator a person undertaking activities
covered by this section;
(B) Modifying the provisions of this section, when necessary and appropriate to bring the provisions of this section into compliance with state or federal law or regulation; and
(C) Establishing the specific operational requirements for
operations the activity consistent with this section appropriate to
protect the waters of this state during and following mining operations the
(b) The Joint Committee on Government and Finance may undertake or facilitate a study of the impact of mountaintop mining and valley fills upon the State of West Virginia.
(1) To facilitate the study, the Joint Committee on
Government and Finance is further authorized to coordinate with and seek
funding from appropriate federal agencies to facilitate the study including,
but not limited to: The federal Environmental Protection Agency, Army
Corps of Engineers, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement,
the Fish and Wildlife Service.
(2) In order to facilitate the research, the Joint Committee on Government and Finance shall appoint a council to coordinate and direct the research. The composition of the council shall be determined by the joint committee, but shall include representatives from the various interested parties as determined solely by the joint committee.
CHapter 22a. Miners’ Health, Safety, and Training.
Article 1. Office of Miners’ Health, Safety, and Training; Administration; Enforcement.
§22A-1-36. Mandatory safety programs; penalties.
(a) The director, in consultation with the state Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety, shall promulgate rules in accordance with §29A-1-1 et seq. of this code, detailing the requirements for mine safety programs to be established by coal operators, as provided in §22A-1-36(b) of this code. The rules may require different types of safety programs to be developed, depending upon the output of the particular mine, the number of employees of the particular mine, the location of the particular mine, the physical features of the particular mine, or any other factor deemed relevant by the director.
(b) Within six months of the date when the rules required
in §22A-1-36(a) of this code become final, each operator shall develop and
submit to the director a comprehensive mine safety program for each mine, in
accordance with such rules. Each employee of the mine shall be afforded an
opportunity to review and submit comments to the director regarding the
modification or revision of such program, prior to submission of such program
to the director. Upon submission of such program the director has
90 days to approve, reject, or modify such program. If the program is
rejected, the director shall give the operator a reasonable time to correct and
resubmit such program. Each program which is approved shall be reviewed, at
least annually, by the director. An up-to-date copy of each program shall
be placed on file in the office and further copies shall be made available to
the miners of each mine and their representatives. Each operator shall
undertake all efforts necessary to assure total compliance with the appropriate
safety program at each mine and shall fully implement all portions of such
program. Once approved, a comprehensive mine safety program shall not be
subject to annual review by the director: Provided, That a program may
be subject to annual review by the director after a fatality or serious
accident involving bodily harm has occurred, or, if the operator has shown a
pattern of mine safety violations as defined by §22A-1-15(2) of this code, such
a finding shall also warrant annual review by the director. The director shall
promulgate emergency rules in order to comply with this subsection.
(c) Any person violating any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than six months, or both fined and imprisoned.
§22A-1-42. Surface ground control plan; automated external defibrillator.
(a) The MSHA-approved surface ground control plan shall serve as the state-approved plan, and the operator, upon approval by MSHA, shall provide a copy of the MSHA-approved surface ground control plan to the director.
(b) Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) shall be required on all surface mining operations. The director shall promulgate emergency rules in order to comply with this section of code, giving special consideration to the climate sensitive nature of AEDs.
Article 2. Underground Mines.
§22A-2-2. Submittal of detailed ventilation plan to director.
(a) A mine operator shall submit a detailed ventilation plan and any addenda to the director for review and comment. The mine operator shall review the plan with the director and address concerns to the extent practicable. The operator shall deliver to the miners’ representative employed by the operator at the mine, if any, a copy of the operator’s proposed annual ventilation plan at least 10 days prior to the date of submission. The miners’ representative, if any, shall be afforded the opportunity to submit written comments to the operator prior to such submission; in addition, the miners’ representative, if any, may submit written comments to the director. The director shall submit any concern that is not addressed to the United States Department of Labor - Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) through comments to the plan. The mine operator shall provide a copy of the plan to the director 10 days prior to the submittal of the plan to MSHA. The MSHA-approved plan shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state rules.
(b) The operator shall give the director a copy of the MSHA-approved plan and any addenda as soon as the operator receives the approval.
(c) In the event of an unforeseen situation requiring
immediate action on a plan revision, the operator shall submit the proposed
revision to the director and the miners’ representative, if any, employed by
the operator at the mine when the proposed revision is submitted to MSHA. The
director shall work with the operator to review and comment on the proposed
plan revision to
(d) Upon approval by MSHA, the plan is enforceable by the director. The approved plan and all revisions and addenda thereto shall be posted on the mine bulletin board and made available for inspection by the miners at that mine for the period of time that they are in effect.
(a) The ventilation of mines, the systems for which extend for more than 200 feet underground, and which are opened after the effective date of this article, shall be produced by a mechanically operated fan or mechanically operated fans. Ventilation by means of a furnace is prohibited in any mine. The fan or fans shall be kept in continuous operation, unless written permission to do otherwise be granted by the director. In case of interruption to a ventilating fan or its machinery whereby the ventilation of the mine is interrupted, immediate action shall be taken by the mine operator or the operator’s management personnel, in all mines, to cut off the power and withdraw the men from the face regions or other areas of the mine affected. If ventilation is restored in 15 minutes, the face regions and other places in the affected areas where gas (methane) is likely to accumulate, shall be reexamined by a certified person; and if found free of explosive gas, power may be restored and work resumed. If ventilation is not restored in 15 minutes, all underground employees shall be removed from the mine, all power shall be cut off in a timely manner, and the underground employees shall not return until ventilation is restored and the mine examined by certified persons, mine examiners, or other persons holding a certificate to make preshift examination. If ventilation is restored to the mine before miners reach the surface, the miners may return to underground working areas only after an examination of the areas is made by a certified person and the areas are determined to be safe.
(b) All main fans installed after the effective date of this article shall be located on the surface in fireproof housings offset not less than 15 feet from the nearest side of the mine opening, equipped with fireproof air ducts, provided with explosion doors or a weak wall, and operated from an independent power circuit. In lieu of the requirements for the location of fans and pressure-relief facilities, a fan may be directly in front of, or over a mine opening: Provided, That such opening is not in direct line with possible forces coming out of the mine if an explosion occurs: Provided, however, That there is another opening having a weak wall stopping or explosion doors that would be in direct line with forces coming out of the mine. All main fans shall be provided with pressure-recording gauges or water gauges. A daily inspection shall be made of all main fans and machinery connected therewith by a certified electrician and a record kept of the same in a book prescribed for this purpose or by adequate facilities provided to permanently record the performance of the main fans and to give warning of an interruption to a fan.
(c) Auxiliary fans and tubing shall be permitted to be used in lieu of or in conjunction with line brattice to provide adequate ventilation to the working faces: Provided, That auxiliary fans be so located and operated to avoid recirculation of air at any time. Auxiliary fans shall be approved and maintained as permissible.
(d) If the auxiliary fan is stopped or fails, the electrical equipment in the place shall be stopped and the power disconnected at the power source until ventilation in the working place is restored. During such stoppage, the ventilation shall be, by means of the primary air current conducted into the place, in a manner to prevent accumulation of methane.
(e) In places where auxiliary fans and tubing are used, the ventilation between shifts, weekends, and idle shifts shall be provided to face areas with line brattice or the equivalent to prevent accumulation of methane.
(f) The director may require that when continuous mine equipment is being used, all face ventilating systems using auxiliary fans and tubing shall be provided with machine-mounted diffuser fans, and such fans shall be continuously operated during mining operations.
(g) In the event of a fire or explosion in any coal mine, the ventilating fan or fans shall not intentionally be started, stopped, speed increased or decreased or the direction of the air current changed without the approval of the general mine foreman, and, if he or she is not immediately available, a representative of the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety, and Training. A duly authorized representative of the employees should be consulted if practical under the circumstances.
(h) The MSHA-approved plan relating to fans shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state rules.
§22A-2-4. Ventilation of mines in general.
(a) The operator or mine foreman of every coal mine, whether worked by shaft, slope, or drift, shall provide and hereafter maintain for every such mine adequate ventilation. In all mines the quantity of air passing through the last open crosscut between the intake and return in any pair or set of entries shall be not less than 9,000 cubic feet of air per minute and as much more as is necessary to dilute and render harmless and carry away flammable and harmful gases. All working faces in a working section between the intake and return airway entries shall be ventilated with a minimum quantity of 3,000 cubic feet of air per minute and as much more as is necessary to dilute and render harmless and carry away flammable and harmful gases. The quantity of air reaching the last crosscut in pillar sections may be less than 9,000 cubic feet of air per minute if at least 9,000 cubic feet of air per minute is being delivered to the intake of the pillar line. The air current shall under any conditions have a sufficient volume and velocity to reduce and carry away smoke from blasting and any flammable or harmful gases. The operator shall provide to the safety committee access to anonometers and smoke tubes while performing their duties. All active underground working places in a mine shall be ventilated by a current of air containing not less than 19 and five-tenths percent of oxygen, not more than five-tenths percent of carbon dioxide, and no harmful quantities of other noxious or poisonous gases.
(b) Airflow shall be maintained in all intake and return air courses of a mine and, where multiple fans are used, neutral areas created by pressure equalization between main fans shall not be permitted. Production activities in working faces shall cease while tubing, line brattice or other ventilation devices are being installed inby the machine operator.
(c) Properly installed and adequately maintained line brattice or other approved devices shall be continuously used from the last open crosscut of an entry or room of each working section to provide adequate ventilation to the working faces for the miners and to remove flammable, explosive and noxious gases, dust, and explosive fumes. When damaged by falls or otherwise, such line brattice or other devices shall be repaired immediately.
(d) Brattice cloth used underground shall be of flame-resistant material. The space between the line brattice or other approved device and the rib shall be large enough to permit the flow of a sufficient volume and velocity of air to keep the working face clear of flammable, explosive and noxious gases, dust, and explosive fumes.
(e) Each working unit newly developed in virgin coal hereafter, shall be ventilated by a separate split of air: Provided, That in areas already under development and in areas where physical conditions prevent compliance with this provision, the director may grant temporary relief from compliance until such time as physical conditions make compliance possible. The quantity of air reaching the last crosscut shall not be less than 9,000 cubic feet of air per minute and shall under any condition have sufficient volume and velocity to reduce and carry away smoke and flammable or harmful gases from each working face in the section.
(f) As working places advance, crosscuts for air shall be made not more than 105 feet apart. Where necessary to render harmless and carry away noxious or flammable gases, line brattice or other approved methods of ventilation shall be used so as to properly ventilate the face. All crosscuts between the main intake and return airways not required for passage of air and equipment shall be closed with stoppings substantially built with incombustible or fire-resistant material so as to keep working places well ventilated. In mines where it becomes necessary to provide larger pillars for adequate roof support, working places shall not be driven more than 200 feet without providing a connection that will allow the free flow of air currents. In such cases, a minimum of 12,000 cubic feet of air a minute shall be delivered to the last open crosscut and as much more as is necessary to dilute and render harmless and carry away flammable and noxious gases.
(g) In special instances for the construction of sidetracks, haulageways, airways, or openings in shaft bottom or slope bottom layouts where the size and strength of pillars is important, the director may issue a permit approving greater distances. The permit shall specify the conditions under which such places may be driven.
(h) In all mines a system of bleeder openings on air courses, designed to provide positive movement of air through and/or around abandoned or caved areas, sufficient to prevent dangerous accumulation of gas in such areas, and to minimize the effect of variations in atmospheric pressure shall be made a part of pillar recovery plans projected after July 1, 1971.
(i) If a bleeder return is closed as a result of roof falls or water during pillar recovery operations, pillar operations may continue without reopening the bleeder return if at least 20,000 cubic feet of air per minute is delivered to the intake of the pillar line.
(j) No operator or mine foreman shall permit any person to work where he or she is unable to maintain the quantity and quality of the air current as heretofore required: Provided, That such provisions shall not prohibit the employment of men to make place of employment safe.
(k) The ventilation of any mine shall be so arranged by means of air locks, overcasts or undercasts, that the use of doors on passageways where men or equipment travel may be kept to a minimum. Where doors are used in a mine, they shall be erected in pairs so as to provide a ventilated air lock unless the doors are operated mechanically.
(l) A crosscut shall be provided at or near the face of each entry or room before such places are abandoned.
(m) Overcasts or undercasts shall be constructed of incombustible material and maintained in good condition.
(n) After January 1, 1987, all run through check curtains shall be substantially constructed of translucent material, except that where belting material has to be used because of high velocity, there shall be a window of translucent material at least 30 inches square or one-half the height of the coal seam, whichever is less.
(o) The MSHA-approved plan shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state rules.
§22A-2-4a. Use of belt air.
(a) Definitions. — For purposes of this section, “belt air” means the use of a belt conveyor entry as an intake air course to ventilate the working sections of a mine or areas where mechanized mining equipment is being installed or removed.
(b) Upon the effective date
of the enactment of this section, belt air may not be used to ventilate the
working sections of a mine or areas where mechanized mining equipment is being
installed or removed: Provided, That if an alternative method of
ventilation will at all times guarantee no less than the same measure of
protection afforded the miners of an underground mine by the foregoing or if
the application of the foregoing to an underground mine will result in a
diminution of safety to the miners in the mine, the director may approve the
interim use of belt air pursuant to the following
:. The MSHA-approved plan for use of belt air shall serve as the
state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall contain
all provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state
rules. (1) For those operators
using belt air pursuant to a ventilation plan approved by the director in
accordance with the provisions of section two of this article prior to the
effective date of the enactment of this section, the director shall cause an
inspection to be made of the mine ventilation system and ventilation equipment.
The director may allow the continued use of belt air in that mine if he or she
determines that: (i) The use meets the minimum requirements of 30 CFR
75.350(b); and (ii) the use, as set forth in the ventilation plan and as
inspected, will at all times guarantee no less than the same measure of
protection afforded the miners of the mine if belt air were not used, or that
the prohibition of the use of belt air in the mine will result in a diminution
of safety to the miners in the mine. (2) For those operators
submitting on or after the effective date of the enactment of this section, a
ventilation plan proposing the use of belt air to the director pursuant to
section two of this article, the director shall immediately upon receipt of the
plan give notice of the plan to the representative of the miners in that mine
and cause any investigation to be made that the director considers appropriate:
Provided, That the investigation shall include a review of any comments
on the plan submitted by the representative of miners in the mine. Upon
receiving the report of the investigation, the director shall make findings of
fact and issue a written decision, incorporating in the decision his or her
findings and an order approving or denying the use of belt air pursuant to the
terms of the ventilation plan. To approve the use of belt air pursuant to a
ventilation plan, the director shall, at a minimum, determine that: (i) The
operator’s proposed use of belt air meets the minimum requirements of 30 CFR
75.350(b); and (ii) approval of the proposed use of belt air will at all times
guarantee no less than the same measure of protection afforded the miners of
the mine if belt air were not used, or that the prohibition of the use of belt
air in the mine will result in a diminution of safety to the miners in the
mine. (3) The interim use of
belt air shall be accurately reflected in operator’s plan of ventilation, as
approved by the director in accordance with the provisions of section two of
this article. (c) Upon completion of
the independent scientific and engineering review concerning the use of belt
air and the composition and fire retardant properties of belt materials in
underground coal mining by the technical study panel created pursuant to the
provisions of 30 U. S. C. §963 and the Secretary of the United States
Department of Labor’s corresponding report to Congress pursuant to the review,
the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety shall, within thirty days of the
Secretary of Labor’s report to Congress, provide the Governor with its
recommendations, if any, for the enactment, repeal or amendment of any statute
or rule which would enhance the safe ventilation of underground mines and the
health and safety of miners: Provided, That at least sixty days after
the Secretary of Labor’s report to Congress, the Board of Coal Mine Health,
Safety and Training shall promulgate emergency rules regulating the use of belt
air in light of that report: Provided, however, That the provisions of
subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall expire and no longer have any
force and effect upon the filing of such emergency rules .
§22A-2-5. Unused and abandoned parts of mine.
(a) In any mine, all workings which are abandoned after July 1, 1971, shall be sealed or ventilated. If the workings are sealed, the sealing shall be done with incombustible material in a manner prescribed by the director and one or more of the seals of every sealed area shall be fitted with a pipe and cap or valve to permit the sampling of gases and measuring of hydrostatic pressure behind the seals. For the purpose of this section, working within a panel shall not be considered to be abandoned until the panel is abandoned.
(b) Air that has passed through an abandoned area or an area which is inaccessible or unsafe for inspection shall not be used to ventilate any working place in any working mine, unless permission is granted by the director with unanimous agreement of the technical and mine safety review committee. Air that has been used to ventilate seals shall not be used to ventilate any working place in any working mine. Air which has been used to ventilate an area from which the pillars have been removed shall not be used to ventilate any working place in a mine, except that the air, if it does not contain 0.25 volume percent or more of methane, may be used to ventilate enough advancing working places immediately adjacent to the line of retreat to maintain an orderly sequence of pillar recovery on a set of entries. Before sealed areas, temporary or permanent, are reopened, the director shall be notified.
(c) On or after the effective date of the amendment and reenactment of this section during the 2007 regular session of the Legislature, a professional engineer registered with the Board of Registration for Professional Engineers pursuant to §30-13-1 et seq. of this code shall certify the design of all new seals as meeting the criteria established by the director. Every seal design shall have the professional engineer’s certificate and signature, in addition to his or her seal, in the following form:
“I the undersigned, do hereby certify that this seal design is, to the best of my knowledge, in accordance with all applicable requirements under state and federal law, rules and regulations.
(d) On or after the effective date of the amendment and reenactment of this section during the 2007 regular session of the Legislature, the director shall approve the construction of all new seals in accordance with rules authorized in this section. The construction shall also be:
(1) Certified by the mine foreman-fire boss of the mine as being in accordance with the design certified by a professional engineer pursuant to 22A-2-5(c) of this code; and
(2) (A) Constructed of solid concrete blocks and in accordance with the other provisions of 30 CFR 75.335(a)(1); or
(B) Constructed in a manner that the director has approved as having the capability to withstand pressure equal to or greater than a seal constructed in accordance with the provisions of 30 CFR 75.335(a)(1).
(e) On or after the effective date of the amendment and reenactment of this section during the 2007 regular session of the Legislature, the operator shall inspect the physical condition of all seals and measure the atmosphere behind all seals in accordance with protocols developed by the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety, pursuant to rules authorized in this section and consistent with a mine-specific atmospheric measurement plan submitted to and approved by the director. The atmospheric measurements shall include, but not be limited to, the methane and oxygen concentrations and the barometric pressure. The atmospheric measurements also shall be recorded with ink or indelible pencil in a book kept for that purpose on the surface at a location designated by the operator. The protocols shall specify appropriate methods for inspecting the physical condition of seals, measuring the mine atmosphere in sealed workings, and inerting the mine atmosphere behind the seals, where appropriate.
(f) (1) In all mines containing workings sealed using seals constructed in accordance with the provisions of 30 CFR 75.335(a)(2) which are constructed: (A) Of cementitious foam blocks; or (B) with methods or materials that the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety determines do not provide an adequate level of protection to miners, the operator shall, pursuant to a plan submitted to and approved by the director, remediate the seals by either enhancing the seals or constructing new seals in place of or immediately outby the seals. After being remediated, all seals must have the capability to withstand pressure equal to or greater than a seal constructed in accordance with the provisions of 30 CFR 75.335(a)(1). The design, development, submission and implementation of the remediation plan is the responsibility of the operator of each mine. Pursuant to rules authorized in this section, the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety shall specify appropriate methods of enhancing the seals.
(2) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, if the director determines that any seal described in §22A-2-5(f)(1) of this code is incapable of being remediated in a safe and effective manner, the mine foreman-fire boss shall, at least once every 24 hours, inspect the physical condition of the seal and measure the atmosphere behind the seal. The daily inspections and measurements shall otherwise be performed in accordance with the protocols and atmospheric measurement plan established pursuant to §22A-2-5(e) of this code.
(g) Upon the effective date of the amendment and reenactment of this section during the 2007 regular session of the Legislature, second mining of lower coal on retreat, also known as bottom mining, shall not be permitted in workings that will be sealed unless an operator has first submitted and received approval by the director of a remediation plan that sets forth measures that will be taken to mitigate the effects of remnant ramps and other conditions created by bottom mining on retreat which can increase the force of explosions originating in and emanating out of workings that have been bottom mined. The director shall require that certification in a manner similar to that set forth in §22A-2-5(c) of this code shall be obtained by the operator from a professional engineer and the mine foreman-fire boss for the plan design and plan implementation, respectively.
(h) No later than 60 days after the effective date of the amendment and reenactment of this section during the 2007 regular session of the Legislature, the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety shall develop and promulgate rules pursuant to the provisions of §22A-6-4 of this code to implement and enforce the provisions of this section.
(i) Upon the issuance of mandatory health and safety standards relating to the sealing of abandoned areas in underground coal mines by the Secretary of the United States Department of Labor pursuant to 30 U. S. C. §811, as amended by section 10 of the federal Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006, the director, working in consultation with the Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety, shall, within 30 days, provide the Governor with his or her recommendations, if any, for the enactment, repeal, or amendment of any statute or rules which would enhance the safe sealing of abandoned mine workings and the health and safety of miners.
(j) The MSHA-approved plan for seals shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in this code or code of state rules.
Roof – Face – Ribs
§22A-2-25. Roof control programs and plans; refusal to work under unsupported roof.
(a) Each operator shall undertake to carry out on a continuing basis a program to improve the roof control system of each coal mine and the means and measures to accomplish such system. The roof and ribs of all active underground roadways, travelways, and working places shall be supported or otherwise controlled adequately to protect persons from falls of the roof or ribs. A roof control plan and revisions thereof suitable to the roof conditions and mining systems of each coal mine and approved by the director shall be adopted and set out in printed form before new operations. The safety committee of the miners of each mine where such committee exists shall be afforded the opportunity to review and submit comments and recommendations to the director and operator concerning the development, modification, or revision of such roof control plans. The plan shall show the type of support and spacing approved by the director. Such plan shall be reviewed periodically, at least every six months by the director, taking into consideration any falls of roof or rib or inadequacy of support of roof or ribs. A copy of the plan shall be furnished to the director or his or her authorized representative and shall be available to the miners and their representatives. The MSHA-approved roof control plan shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in this code or code of state rules.
(b) The operator, in accordance with the approved plan, shall provide at or near each working face and at such other locations in the coal mine, as the director may prescribe, an ample supply of suitable materials of proper size with which to secure the roof thereof of all working places in a safe manner. Safety posts, jacks, or other approved devices shall be used to protect the workmen when roof material is being taken down, crossbars are being installed, roof bolt holes are being drilled, roof bolts are being installed, and in such other circumstances as may be appropriate. Loose roof and overhanging or loose faces and ribs shall be taken down or supported. When overhangs or brows occur along rib lines they shall be promptly removed. All sections shall be maintained as near as possible on center. Except in the case of recovery work, supports knocked out shall be replaced promptly. Apprentice miners shall not be permitted to set temporary supports on a working section without the direct immediate supervision of a certified miner.
(c) The operator of a mine has primary responsibility to prevent injuries and deaths resulting from working under unsupported roof. Every operator shall require that no person may proceed beyond the last permanent support unless adequate temporary support is provided or temporary support is not required under an approved roof control plan and absence of such support will not pose a hazard to the miners.
(d) The immediate supervisor of any area in which unsupported roof is located shall not direct or knowingly permit any person to proceed beyond the last permanent support unless adequate temporary support is provided or temporary support is not required under an approved roof control plan and absence of such support will not pose a hazard to the miners.
(e) No miner shall proceed beyond the
last permanent support in violation of a direct or standing order of an
operator, a foreman or an assistant foreman, unless adequate temporary
(f) The immediate supervisor of each miner who will be engaged in any activity involving the securing of roof or rib during a shift shall, at the onset of any such shift, orally review those parts of the roof control plan relevant to the type of mining and roof control to be pursued by such miner.
(g) Any action taken against a miner due, in whole or in part, to his or her refusal to work under unsupported roof, where such work would constitute a violation of this section, is prohibited as an act of discrimination pursuant to §22A-1-22 of this code. Upon a finding of discrimination by the appeals board pursuant to §22A-1-22(b) of this code, the miner shall be awarded by the appeals board all reliefs available pursuant to §22A-1-22(b) and §22A-1-22(c) of this code.
§22A-2-26. Roof support; specific requirements.
(a) Generally. — The
method of mining followed in any coal mine
shall may not expose
the miner to unusual dangers from roof falls ., and the MSHA-approved plan shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided,
That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining
law as set forth in this code or code of state rules.
(b) Roadways, intersections, and arches. — The width of roadways shall not exceed 16 feet unless additional support is added cross sectional. During the development of intersections, the roof between the tangents of the arches in the entry or room shall be supported with artificial roof supports prior to the development of such intersections. All areas where the arch is broken shall be considered as having unsupported roof and such roof should have artificial roof supports installed prior to any other work being performed in the area.
(c) Examinations and
corrections. — Where miners are exposed to danger from falls of
(d) Roof bolt recovery. — Roof bolts shall not be recovered where complete extraction of pillars is attempted, where adjacent to clay veins or at the locations of other irregularities, whether natural or otherwise, that induce abnormal hazards. Where roof bolt recovery is permitted, it shall be conducted only in accordance with methods prescribed in the approved roof control plan, and shall be conducted by experienced miners and only where adequate temporary support is provided.
§22A-2-37. Haulage roads and equipment; shelter holes; prohibited practices; signals; inspection.
(a) Use of haulage roads and equipment along with signals and inspection shall meet standards established by the U. S. Mine Safety and Health Administration. The roadbed, rails, joints, switches, frogs, and other elements of all haulage roads shall be constructed, installed, and maintained in a manner consistent with speed and type of haulage operations being conducted to ensure safe operation. Where transportation of personnel is exclusively by rail, track shall be maintained to within 1,500 feet of the nearest working face, except that when any section is fully developed and being prepared for retreating, then the track shall be maintained to within 1,500 feet of that retreat mining section if a rubber tired vehicle is readily available: Provided, That in any case where such track is maintained to within a distance of more than 500 feet and not more than 1,500 feet of the nearest working face, a self-propelled, rubber-tired vehicle capable of transporting an injured worker shall be readily available.
(b) Track switches, except room and entry development switches, shall be provided with properly installed throws, bridle bars and guard rails; switch throws and stands, where possible, shall be placed on the clearance side.
(c) Haulage roads on entries shall have a continuous, unobstructed clearance of at least 24 inches from the farthest projection of any moving equipment on the clearance side.
(d) On haulage roads where trolley lines are used, the clearance shall be on the side opposite the trolley lines.
(e) On the trolley wire or “tight” side, there shall be at least 12 inches of clearance from the farthest projection of any moving equipment.
(f) Warning lights or reflective signs or tapes shall be installed along haulage roads at locations of abrupt or sudden changes in the overhead clearance.
(g) The clearance space on all haulage roads shall be kept free of loose rock, coal, supplies, or other material: Provided, That not more than 24 inches need be kept free of such obstructions.
(h) Ample clearance shall be provided at all points where supplies are loaded or unloaded along haulage roads or conveyors which in no event shall be less than 24 inches.
(i) Shelter holes shall be provided along haulage entries. Such shelter holes shall be spaced not more than 105 feet apart, except when variances are authorized by the director with unanimous agreement of the Mine Safety and Technical Review Committee. Shelter holes shall be on the side of the entry opposite the trolley wire except that shelter holes may be on the trolley wire and feeder wire side if the trolley wire and feeder wire are guarded in a manner approved by the director. The MSHA-approved plan shall serve as the state-approved plan governing the use of shelters: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all other provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state rules.
(j) Shelter holes shall be at least five feet in
depth, not more than four feet in width and as high as the traveling space,
unless the director with unanimous agreement of the Mine Safety and Technical
Review Committee grants a waiver. Room necks and crosscuts may be used as
(k) Shelter holes shall be kept clear of refuse and other obstructions.
(l) Shelter holes shall be provided at switch throws and manually operated permanent doors.
(m) No steam locomotive shall be used in mines where miners are actually employed in the extraction of coal, but this shall not prevent operation of a steam locomotive through any tunnel haulway or part of a mine that is not in actual operation and producing coal.
(n) Underground equipment powered by internal combustion engines using petroleum products, alcohol, or any other compound shall not be used in a coal mine, unless the equipment is diesel-powered equipment approved, operated and maintained as provided in §22A-2-1 et seq. of this code.
(o) Locomotives, personnel carriers, mine cars, supply cars, shuttle cars, and all other haulage equipment shall be maintained in a safe operating condition. Each locomotive, personnel carrier, barrier tractor. and other related equipment shall be equipped with a suitable lifting jack and handle. An audible warning device and headlights shall be provided on each locomotive and each shuttle car. All other mobile equipment, using the face areas of the mine, shall be provided with a conspicuous light or other approved device so as to reduce the possibility of collision.
(p) No persons other than those necessary to operate a trip or car shall ride on any loaded car or on the outside of any car. Where pusher locomotives are not used, the locomotive operator shall have an assistant to assist him or her in his or her duties.
(q) The pushing of trips, except for switching purposes, is prohibited on main haulage roads: Provided, That nothing herein shall prohibit the use of a pusher locomotive to assist the locomotive pulling a trip. Motormen and trip riders shall use care in handling locomotives and cars. It shall be their duty to see that there is a conspicuous light on the front and rear of each trip or train of cars when in motion: Provided, however, That trip lights need not be used on cars being shifted to and from loading machines, or on cars being handled at loading heads during gathering operations at working faces. No person, other than the motorman and brakeman, should ride on a locomotive unless authorized by the mine foreman, and then only when safe riding facilities are provided. An empty car or cars shall be used to provide a safe distance between the locomotive and the material car when rail, pipe, or long timbers are being hauled. A safe clearance shall be maintained between the end car or trips placed on side tracks and moving traffic. On haulage roads the clearance point shall be marked with an approved device.
(r) No motorman, trip rider, or brakeman shall get on or off cars, trips, or locomotives while they are in motion, except that a trip rider or brakeman may get on or off the rear end of a slowly moving trip or the stirrup of a slowly moving locomotive to throw a switch, align a derail, or open or close a door.
(s) Flying or running switches and riding on the front bumper of a car or locomotive are prohibited. Back poling shall be prohibited except with precaution to the nearest turning point (not over 80 feet), or when going up extremely steep grades and then only at slow speed. The operator of a shuttle car shall face in the direction of travel except during the loading operation when he or she shall face the loading machine.
(t) (1) A system of signals, methods, or devices shall be used to provide protection for trips, locomotives, and other equipment coming out onto tracks used by other equipment.
(2) In any coal mine where more than 350 tons of coal are produced on any shift in each 24-hour period, a dispatcher shall be on duty when there are movements of track equipment underground, including time when there is no production of coal. Such traffic shall move only at the direction of the dispatcher.
(3) The dispatcher’s only duty shall be to direct traffic: Provided, That the dispatcher’s duties may also include those of the responsible person required by §22A-2-42 of this code: Provided, however, That the dispatcher may perform other duties which do not interfere with his or her dispatching responsibilities and do not require him or her to leave the dispatcher’s station except as approved by the Mine Safety and Technical Review Committee.
(4) Any dispatcher’s station shall be on the surface.
(5) All self-propelled track equipment shall be equipped with two-way communications.
(u) Motormen shall inspect locomotives, and report any mechanical defects found to the proper supervisor before a locomotive is put in operation.
(v) A locomotive following another trip shall maintain a distance of at least 300 feet from the rear end of the trip ahead, unless such locomotive is coupled to the trip ahead.
(w) Positive stop blocks or derails shall be installed on all tracks near the top and at landings of shafts, slopes, and surface inclines. Positive-acting stop blocks or derails shall be used where necessary to protect persons from danger of runaway haulage equipment.
(x) Shuttle cars shall not be altered by the addition of sideboards so as to inhibit the view of the operator: Provided, That the addition of or use of sideboards on shuttle cars shall be permitted if the shuttle car is equipped with cameras: Provided, however, That shuttle cars with sideboards as manufactured by an equipment manufacturer shall be permitted to be used without the use of cameras if permitted by the director.
(y) Mining equipment shall not be parked within 15 feet of a check curtain or fly curtain.
(z) All self-propelled track haulage equipment shall be equipped with an emergency stop switch, self-centering valves, or other devices designed to de-energize the traction motor circuit in the event of an emergency. All track-mounted trolley equipment shall be equipped with trolley pole swing limiters or other means approved by the Mine Safety and Technical Review Committee to restrict movement of the trolley pole when it is disengaged from the trolley wire. Battery powered mobile equipment shall have the operating controls clearly marked to distinguish the forward and reverse positions.
§22A-2-55. Protective equipment and clothing.
(a) Welders and helpers shall use proper shields or goggles to protect their eyes. All employees shall have approved goggles or shields and use the same where there is a hazard from flying particles or other eye hazards.
(b) Employees engaged in haulage operations and all other persons employed around moving equipment on the surface and underground shall wear snug-fitting clothing.
(c) Protective gloves shall be worn when material which may injure hands is handled, but gloves with gauntleted cuffs shall not be worn around moving equipment.
(d) Safety hats and safety-toed shoes shall be worn by all persons while in or around a mine: Provided, That metatarsal guards are not required to be worn by persons when working in those areas of underground mine workings which average less than 48 inches in height as measured from the floor to the roof of the underground mine workings.
(e) Approved eye protection shall be worn by all persons while being transported in open-type man trips.
(f) (1) A self-contained self-rescue device approved by the director shall be worn by each person underground or kept within his or her immediate reach and the device shall be provided by the operator. The self-contained self-rescue device shall be adequate to protect a miner for one hour or longer. Each operator shall train each miner in the use of the device and refresher training courses for all underground employees shall be held once each quarter. Quarters shall be based on a calendar year.
(2) In addition to the requirements of §22A-2-55(f)(1) of this code, the operator shall also provide caches of additional self-contained self-rescue devices throughout the mine in accordance with a plan approved by the director. Each additional self-contained self-rescue device shall be adequate to protect a miner for one hour or longer. The total number of additional self-contained self-rescue devices, the total number of storage caches and the placement of each cache throughout the mine shall be established by rule pursuant to §22A-2-55(i) of this code. A luminescent sign with the words “SELF-CONTAINED SELF-RESCUER” or “SELF-CONTAINED SELF-RESCUERS” shall be conspicuously posted at each cache and luminescent direction signs shall be posted leading to each cache. Lifeline cords or other similar device, with reflective material at 25-foot intervals, shall be attached to each cache from the last open crosscut to the surface. The operator shall conduct weekly inspections of each cache and each lifeline cord or other similar device to ensure operability.
that who, without the authorization of the operator or the
director, knowingly removes or attempts to remove any self-contained
self-rescue device or lifeline cord from the mine or mine site with the intent
to permanently deprive the operator of the device or lifeline cord or knowingly
tampers with or attempts to tamper with the device or lifeline cord shall be
is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned
in a state correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than 10
years, or fined not less than $10,000 nor more than $100,000, or both imprisoned
(g) The MSHA-approved emergency response plan (ERP) shall serve as the state-approved plan governing the storage of self-contained self-rescuers (SCSR): Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or code of state rules: Provided, however, The operator’s ERP shall include one additional SCSR than is required by MSHA on the working section for each person present. The operator shall provide at least three SCSRs, which shall include one on the working section, one additional in storage, and one on the mantrip. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require a miner to wear a one-hour SCSR if all other SCSRs are stored pursuant to this subsection. The director may issue a special assessment pursuant to §22A-1-21 of this code for failure to comply with this subsection.
(g)(h)(1) A wireless emergency communication device
approved by the director and provided by the operator shall be worn by each
person underground: Provided, That if a miner’s wireless emergency
communications device shall malfunction or cease to operate then such miner
shall be assigned to be in sight or sound of a certified miner until such time
an operating device shall be delivered. The wireless emergency communication
device shall, at a minimum, be capable of receiving emergency communications
from the surface at any location throughout the mine. Each operator shall train
each miner in the use of the device and provide refresher training courses for
all underground employees during each calendar year. The operator shall install
in or around the mine any and all equipment necessary to transmit emergency
communications from the surface to each wireless emergency communication device
at any location throughout the mine.
(2) Any person
without the authorization of the operator or the director, knowingly removes or
attempts to remove any wireless emergency communication device or related
equipment from the mine or mine site with the intent to permanently deprive the
operator of the device or equipment or knowingly tampers with or attempts to
tamper with the device or equipment shall be is guilty of a
felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in a state
correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than 10 years, or
fined not less than $10,000 nor more than $100,000, or both imprisoned and
fined. (h)(i)(1) A wireless tracking device approved by the
director and provided by the operator shall be worn by each person underground.
In the event of an accident or other emergency, the tracking device shall, at a
minimum, be capable of providing real-time monitoring of the physical location
of each person underground: Provided, That no person shall discharge or
discriminate against any miner based on information gathered by a wireless
tracking device during nonemergency monitoring. Each operator shall train each
miner in the use of the device and provide refresher training courses for all
underground employees during each calendar year. The operator shall install in
or around the mine all equipment necessary to provide real-time emergency
monitoring of the physical location of each person underground.
(2) The MSHA-approved ERP shall serve as the state-approved plan: Provided, That the MSHA-approved plan shall comply with all other provisions of state mining law as set forth in state code or the code of state rules.
(2) Any person that
who, without the authorization of the operator or the director,
knowingly removes or attempts to remove any wireless tracking device or related
equipment, approved by the director, from a mine or mine site with the intent
to permanently deprive the operator of the device or equipment or knowingly
tampers with or attempts to tamper with the device or equipment shall be
is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned
in a state correctional facility for not less than one year nor more than 10
years, or fined not less than $10,000 nor more than $100,000, or both
imprisoned and fined. (i)(j) The director may shall promulgate
emergency and legislative rules to implement and enforce this section pursuant
to the provisions of §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code.
Article 2A. Use of Diesel-Powered Equipment in Underground Coal Mines.
Part X. Existing Rules to be Revised.
§22A-2A-1001. Existing state rules to be revised.
Unless otherwise revised,
August 31, 2017 2018, the director shall revise state rules
promulgated pursuant to the authority of this chapter as follows:
(1) To reflect the abolishment of the West Virginia Diesel Equipment Commission and transfer of duties and responsibilities to the director, pursuant to §22A-2A-301 of this code;
(2) To reflect that a mine operator shall be permitted to replace a filter or catalyst of the same make and model without contacting the Office of Miners’ Health, Safety, and Training;
(3) To reflect that ASE certified diesel mechanics shall make repairs and adjustments to diesel fuel injection systems, engine timing, or exhaust emissions control and conditioning systems;
(4) To permit a mine operator to dispose of used intake air filters, exhaust diesel particulate matter filters, and engine oil filters in their original containers or other suitable enclosed containers and to remove them from the underground mine to the surface no less than once in a 24-hour period;
(5) To require that records of emissions tests, 200-hour maintenance tests, and repairs shall be countersigned once each week by the certified mine electrician or mine foreman, that scheduled maintenance and an independent analysis of engine oil occur at 200 hours of engine operation, and that diagnostic testing of engine operation occur at 200 hours;
(6) To remove the requirement that a portable carbon monoxide (CO) sampling device be installed into the untreated exhaust gas coupling provided in the operator’s cab;
(7) To modify the time and duration for which the CO sampler must be started to measure and record CO levels from every minute for five minutes to every 30 seconds for 90 seconds;
(8) To modify the alternative condition by
which equipment fails under 196 C. S. R. §1-21, to omit the reference to the
average CO reading for untreated exhaust gas is greater than twice the
(9) To remove the requirement for eight hours of annual diesel equipment operator refresher training separate from that required by MSHA regulations; and
(10) To permit the use of diesel generators in underground mines so long as the generator is vented directly to the return and at least one person is present within sight and sound of the generator: Provided, That all current state rules and statutes relating to the use of diesel-powered equipment and electricity generation remain in force.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to establish new notice requirements under permit application requirements and contents under the Surface Coal Mining And Reclamation Act. The bill re-establishes when a certification is granted under the Water Pollution Control Act. The bill strikes the requirement that a comprehensive mine safety program (CMSP) be subject to annual review by the director. The bill provides that ventilation plans, seal plans, roof control plans, and belt air plans, having been approved by MSHA already, shall be the only required plan to be sent to the director; thereby eliminating the need for duplicative plans to be sent to the MSHA its state counterpart so long as all other mining laws and rules are being followed. The bill provides that self-contained self-rescuer (SCSR) storage plans, tracking/communications plans, and shelter plans established by the MSHA-approved emergency response plan (ERP) shall be the only required plan to be sent to the director. The bill requires that the surface mine ground control plan approved by MSHA be the only plan required by the director. The bill permits the use of diesel generators underground under some circumstances. The bill requires that AEDs be present on all surface mining operations.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.
§22A-1-42 is new; therefore, it has all been underscored.