WEST virginia legislature
2020 regular session
Senate Bill 648
Senators Takubo, Mann, Maroney, Prezioso, Stollings, Weld, Baldwin, Cline, Hardesty, Lindsay, Palumbo, Plymale, Unger, Roberts, and Rucker, original sponsors
[Originating in the Committee on Finance; reported on February 21, 2020]
A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated §9-5-12a, relating to providing dental coverage for adult Medicaid recipients; providing limitations; defining terms; designating the Department of Health and Human Resources as the responsible department to implement these provisions; providing effective date; providing for the Department of Health and Human Resources to seek authority for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to implement the program; and making the provisions of the section effective only upon approval by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of specified provider taxes.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
ARTICLE 5. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
§9-5-12a. Medicaid program; dental care.
(a) The Legislature finds that:
(1) Medical and social research demonstrate dental care is vitally important for everyone and significantly affects overall health, employability, and social inclusion. Dental diseases are caused by bacterial infections spread through contact with saliva and, without treatment, are progressive in nature and pose a serious threat to public health;
(2) Lack of dental care is a recognized indicator of greater likelihood of chronic illnesses and poor health outcomes;
(3) Preventive dental care and early treatment to maintain health have been shown to be a more financially efficient form of care resulting in reduced expenditures to treat other chronic and serious conditions;
(4) Many West Virginians, including those residents enrolled in Medicaid, who live in rural areas or are experiencing a disability are frequently unable to find or see a dentist or pay for dental care;
(5) West Virginians with disabilities, of whom approximately 50 percent are insured by Medicaid, have been disparately impacted by the lack of coverage and furthermore have additional difficulties as many dental practices are not inclusive of people experiencing disabilities;
(6) The Department of Health and Human Resources is responsible for funding, promotion of access and quality, maintaining health care infrastructure, especially in rural areas, and payment policies that influence the behavior of providers and determine their financial viability;
(7) Dental patients now struggle to have overall good health and providers are less likely to participate in Medicaid when denied the ability to treat oral disease;
(8) Similarly situated states that reduced their adult dental coverage under Medicaid reported increases in dental-related emergency department visits and costs for adults, while at the same time experiencing a significant drop in children’s dental-related emergency department visits after dental coverage became an essential health benefit for children;
(9) Hospital emergency departments are not trained or equipped to definitively resolve dental diseases, and often provide only palliative care and/or antibiotics for temporary relief of chronic and acute bacterial infections;
(10) West Virginians have increasingly turned to opioids to self-manage painful oral diseases; and
(11) West Virginians who successfully complete treatment for opioid misuse are suffering in their inability to get adequate dental care to improve their chances of employment after rehabilitation.
(b) “Cosmetic services” means dental work that improves the appearance of the teeth, gums, or bite, including, but not limited to, inlays or onlays, composite bonding, dental veneers, teeth whitening, or braces.
(c) “Diagnostic and preventative services” means dental work that maintains good oral health and includes oral evaluations, routine cleanings, x-rays, fluoride treatment, fillings, and extractions.
(d) “Restorative services” means dental work that involves tooth replacement, including, but not limited to, dentures, dental implants, bridges, crowns, or corrective procedures such as root canals.
(e) The Department of Health and Human Resources shall extend Medicaid coverage to adults age 21 and over covered by the Medicaid program for diagnostic and preventative dental services and restorative dental services, excluding cosmetic services. This coverage is limited to $1,000 each budget year. Recipients must pay for services over the $1,000 yearly limit. No provision in this article shall restrict the department in exercising new options provided by, or to be in compliance with, new federal legislation that further expands eligibility for dental care for adult recipients.
(f) The Department of Health and Human Resources is responsible for the implementation of, and program design for, a dental care system to reduce the continuing harm and continuing impact on the health care system in West Virginia. The dental health system design shall include oversight, quality assurance measures, case management, and patient outreach activities. The Department of Health and Human Resources shall assume responsibility for claims processing in accordance with established fee schedules and financial aspects of the program necessary to receive available federal dollars and to meet federal rules and regulations. The Department of Health and Human Resources shall seek authority from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to implement the provisions of this article.
(g) This section is effective for policies, contracts, plans, or agreements, beginning on or after January 1, 2021. This section applies to all policies, contracts, plans, or agreements subject to this article that are delivered, executed, issued, amended, adjusted, or renewed in this state on or after the effective date of this section.
(h) The provisions of this section enacted during the 2020 regular legislative session shall only become effective upon approval from the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of the provider tax as set forth in §11-27-10a of this code.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to expand the Medicaid program to include diagnostic, and preventative and restorative dental coverage for adults 21 and over, to establish an amount of coverage available, to identify the responsible state department, and to require DHHR to seek authority from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to implement the program.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.