WEST virginia legislature
2019 regular session
House Bill 2365
By Delegate Foster, Higginbotham, Fast, Linville, Pack, Steele, Phillips, Shott, Summers, Kessinger and Cadle
[Introduced January 14, 2019; Referred
to the Committee on Industry and Labor then the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend and reenact §21A-1A-16 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; and to amend and reenact §23-2-1a of said code, all relating to the definition of employee for the purposes of the unemployment compensation and workers compensation laws.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
CHAPTER 21A. UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION.
ARTICLE 1A. DEFINITIONS.
“Employment”, subject to the other provisions of this article, means:
(1) Service, including service in interstate commerce, performed for wages or under any contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied;
(2) Any service performed by an employee, as defined in Section 3306(i) of the federal Unemployment Tax Act, including service in interstate commerce;
(3) Any service performed, including service in interstate commerce, by any officer of a corporation;
(4) An individual's entire service, performed within or both within and without this state if: (A) The service is localized in this state; or (B) the service is not localized in any state but some of the service is performed in this state and: (i) The base of operations, or, if there is no base of operations, then the place from which the service is directed or controlled, is in this state; (ii) the base of operations or place from which the service is directed or controlled is not in any state in which some part of the service is performed but the individual's residence is in this state; and (iii) the service is performed in an employer-employee relationship with the employer using the 20-factor test used by the Internal Revenue Service of the United States Department of Treasury in Revenue Ruling 87-41, 1987-1 C.B. 296.
CHAPTER 23. WORKERS' COMPENSATION.
ARTICLE 2. EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES SUBJECT TO CHAPTER; EXTRATERRITORIAL COVERAGE.
§23-2-1a. Employees subject to chapter.
(a) Employees subject to this chapter are all persons in
the service of employers for wages in an employer-employee relationship with
the employer using the 20-factor test used by the Internal Revenue Service of
the United States Department of Treasury in Revenue Ruling 87-41, 1987-1 C.B.
and employed by them for the purpose of carrying on the industry,
business, service or work in which they are engaged including, but not
(1) Persons regularly employed in the state whose duties necessitate employment of a temporary or transitory nature by the same employer without the state;
(2) Every person in the service of the state or of any political subdivision or agency thereof, under any contract of hire, express or implied, and every appointed official or officer thereof while performing his or her official duties;
(3) Checkweighmen employed according to law;
(4) All members of rescue teams assisting in mine accidents with the consent of the owner who, in such case, shall be deemed the employer, or at the direction of the director of the department of mines;
(5) All forest firefighters who, under the supervision of the director of the Department of Natural Resources or his or her designated representative, assist in the prevention, confinement and suppression of any forest fire; and
(6) Students while participating in a work-based learning experience with an employer approved as a part of the curriculum by the county board. The county board shall be the employer of record of students while participating in unpaid work-based experiences off school premises with employers other than the county board. Students in unpaid work-based learning experiences shall be considered to be paid the amount of wages so as to provide the minimum workers' compensation weekly benefits required by section six, article four of this chapter.
(b) The right to receive compensation under this chapter shall not be affected by the fact that a minor is employed or is permitted to be employed in violation of the laws of this state relating to the employment of minors, or that he or she obtained his or her employment by misrepresenting his or her age.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to clarify the definition of an employee for the purposes of unemployment compensation and workers’ compensation to match conform with Internal Revenue Code provisions.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.