WEST virginia legislature
2020 regular session
House Bill 4088
By Delegate Anderson, J. Kelly, Cadle, Hott and Porterfield
[Originating in the Committee on Energy, February 6, 2020.]
A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated §37-4-9; and to amend and reenact §55-12A-7 of said code, all relating to funding the Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund; providing that proceeds from certain real property interests that are due to persons whose names or addresses are unknown or unlocatable which are being kept in special funds throughout the state, if unclaimed for seven years or more, shall be transferred to the Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund and used to plug orphaned and abandoned oil and natural gas wells; providing and clarifying that certain deed or will provisions purporting to convey or reserve interests created by this article are void; clarifying that receivers include both general and special receivers; providing that certain provisions take effect beginning when funds have been unclaimed for seven years after the Special Commissioner’s lease regardless of when the lease was signed; and authorizing rulemaking.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
CHAPTER 37. REAL PROPERTY.
ARTICLE 4. PARTITION.
§37-4-9. Disposition of funds due to unknown or unlocatable interest owners; rulemaking.
Notwithstanding the requirements of §36-8-1 et seq. of this code, all funds and proceeds due under this article before or after the effective date of this section to owners of real property interests with their appurtenant rights, whose name or location is unknown and who does not make a claim for those funds for seven years after the date of the order of the court authorizing the distribution of the funds, shall be paid to the Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund established pursuant to §22-6-29 of this code. The funds shall be paid by the special or general receiver or other person or entity holding the funds on or before November 1 of each year for all funds that became payable before July 1 of that year. The Department of Environmental Protection may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code to carry out the provisions of this section.
CHAPTER 55. ACTIONS, SUITS AND ARBITRATION; JUDICIAL SALE.
ARTICLE 12A. LEASE AND CONVEYANCE OF MINERAL INTERESTS OWNED BY MISSING OR UNKNOWN OWNERS OR ABANDONING OWNERS.
§55-12A-7. When special
commissioner may convey title in mineral interest to surface owner; form of
payment to surface owner final report of special Commissioner; unknown
owners; transfer of funds; rulemaking.
(a) (1) If an owner of any mineral interest leased
under section six of this article remains unknown or missing, or does not
disavow the abandonment, for a period of seven years from the date of the special
commissioner’s lease, the special or general receiver shall report the
same to the court, whereupon the court shall enter an order naming those who
then appear to be surface owners as additional parties and giving notice to
them, pursuant to the West Virginia rules of civil procedure, of an opportunity
to appear and present proof of ownership in fee of the surface estate. Upon a
finding by the court of the present ownership in fee of the surface estate, the
court shall (i) order the special Commissioner to convey to the proven surface
owner, subject to the special commissioner’s lease, the mineral interest
specified in the motion, by a deed substantially in the form specified in
subsection (b) of this section and (ii) order the special or general receiver
to pay to the
surface owner Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund established
pursuant to §22-6-29 the
funds which have accrued to the credit of the mineral interests specified in
the motion to the date of his or her report after payment of all
allowable fees, expenses and court costs, including special Commissioner’s fees
paid or to be paid in amounts determined by the court. After the date of the
special Commissioner’s deed, the surface owner grantee shall be entitled to
receive all proceeds under the lease attributable to the mineral interests
specified in the deed.
(2) If the boundaries of the mineral tract subject to the special Commissioner’s lease encompass two or more surface tracts, a separate deed shall be made for the mineral interest underlying each surface tract. If a surface tract is owned by more than one person, the deed respecting that surface tract shall convey the mineral interest according to the surface estate and interest of each surface owner.
(b) The special Commissioner’s deed may be made in the following form, or to the same effect:
This deed, made the _____day of _________________, 19___, between ______________________________, special Commissioner, grantor, and _____________________________, grantee,
Witnesseth, that whereas, grantor, in pursuance of the authority vested in him or her by an order of the circuit court of _____________ county, West Virginia, entered on the _____day of _____________, 19___, in civil action no. ________ therein pending, to convey the mineral interest more particularly described below to the grantee,
Now, therefore, this deed witnesseth: That grantor grants unto grantee, subject to the special commissioner’s lease mentioned below, and further subject to all other liens and encumbrances of record, that certain mineral interest in _______________ county, West Virginia, more particularly described in the cited order of the circuit court as follows: (here insert the description in the order); and being (here specify “all” or “a portion”) of the mineral interest described in that certain special commissioner’s lease dated ___________, 19___, of record in the office of the clerk of __________ county, in _________book______, at page ____.
Witness the following signature.
(c) Upon the delivery of the deed or deeds and the payment or payments as directed in subsection (a) of this section, the special commissioner shall make a final report to the court; and upon approval thereof, the court shall order the discharge of the special commissioner’s bond.
(d) Prior to the delivery of the special commissioner’s
deed, no deed or will from a surface owner to another shall sever
ownership of the surface as such from ownership of any benefits under this
Any The provisions of any deed or will granting or
reserving an interest purporting to create such a severance shall be void.
(e) The amendments to this section made during the 2020 regular session of the Legislature which provided for certain accumulated proceeds to be payable to the Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund, shall take effect July 1, 2020, and any funds shall be transferred that have been unclaimed for seven years or more after the date of the special Commissioner’s lease whether or not the special Commissioner’s lease was signed before or after the effective date of the amendments to this section.
(f) The Department of Environmental Protection may propose rules for legislative approval in accordance with §29A-3-1 et seq. of this code to carry out the provisions of this section relating to transfer of funds to the Oil and Gas Reclamation Fund.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from a heading or the present law and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.