H. B. 2040
(By Delegate Shook)
[Introduced February 11, 2009; referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend and reenact §62-1C-12 of the Code of West Virginia,
1931, as amended, relating to provide that a recognizance
secured by execution of a bail bond is void upon the finding
that the accused person is guilty; and terminating bond
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §62-1C-12 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended,
be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 1C. BAIL.
§62-1C-12. Same -- Exoneration; return of deposit.
(a) When the condition of the bond has been satisfied or
has been set aside or remitted, the court or
magistrate shall exonerate the surety and release any bail and, if
in a form other than a recognizance, the deposit
shall be returned to the person who made the same. The surety may be exonerated by a deposit of cash in the amount of the bail or by
a timely surrender of the defendant into custody.
(b) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the
contrary, when a bail bondsman, as defined in article ten, chapter
fifty-one of this code, has a surety bond forfeited because of the
failure of a defendant to appear before a court or magistrate, that
bail bondsman shall be reimbursed the full amount of the bond
forfeiture, be it cash or surety, if the bail bondsman returns the
defendant to the custody of the court or magistrate, within two
years of the forfeiture of the bond.
(c) The Administrator of the West Virginia Supreme Court of
be empowered to may
audit, review and
suspend any bail bondsman whose surety on bonds is or becomes
insufficient or whose assets are below the amount of bonds he or
she has in existence.
(d) A recognizance secured by execution of a bail bond is void
upon the finding that the accused person is guilty. When the
finding is made all bond liability is terminated.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to provide that a
recognizance secured by execution of a bail bond is void upon the
finding that the accused person is guilty, and to terminate bond
liability at that time.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from
the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would